From 2013, ARS Examination and NET Examination will be held separately once and twice a year respectively. Jagranjosh.com provides you the syllabus for Veterinary Pharmacology for the benefit of the aspirants preparing for ARS and NET Examination 2012. Candidates can go through the syllabus and prepare better for this exam.
Unit 1: Organizational Behaviour and Human Resource Management
The agribusiness system; management processes, planning, controlling, organizing, motivating and leading; decision making; managerial skills; level of managers; organizational context of decisions; decision making models; management by objectives; organizational culture; management of organizational conflicts; managing change; leadership styles; group dynamics; motivation.
Human resource planning, job analysis and design; recruitment, selection, induction and placement; human resource training and development; management development; performance appraisal and job evaluation; wage and salary administration; promotion, transfer, separation, absenteeism and turnover, employee welfare and safety; morale; personnel supervision; styles; participative management; labour management relations; negotiation and negotiating skills; conflict management.
Unit 2: Managerial Accounting and Control
Financial Accounting- Meaning, Need, Concepts and Conventions; Advantages and Limitations and Standards of financial accounting; The Double Entry System- Its Meaning and Scope, The Journal, Cash Book, Ledger, Trial Balance, Trading Account, Profit and Loss Account, Balance Sheet, Entries and Adjustments of different heads in different Books and Accounts; Analysis of Financial Statements- Ratios, Comparative and Common Size Statements, Cash Flow and Funds Flow Analysis. Cost Accounting – Significance of Cost Accounting; Classification of Cost; Marginal Costing and cost volume profit Analysis- Its Significance, Uses and Limitations; Standard Costing – Its Meaning, Uses and Limitations; Determination of Standard Cost, Variance Analysis- Material, Labour and Overhead; Accounting for Price Level Changes- Concepts, CPP and CCA Methods. Budget and Budgetary Control- Its Meaning, Uses and Limitations, Budgeting and Profit Planning, Different Types of Budgets and their Preparations
Unit 3: Financial Management for Agri Business
Fundamentals of accounting and book-keeping; objectives and functions of financial management; analysis of financial statements- balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement; capital structure theories; concepts of components of working capital, managing working capital - cash management, dividend decision; capital budgeting, appraisal criteria- Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Benefit Cost (B-C) ratio analysis. Importance of agricultural finance; rural credit structure-demand, supply, sources and forms; estimation of credit requirement; cost of credit/capital; credit appraisal- 3 Rs and 3 Cs of credit; reforms in agricultural credit policy; innovations in agricultural financing - microfinance, kisan credit cards; role of institutions in agri-finance - public and private sector banks; cooperatives, micro-finance institutions (MFIs), SHGs; international financial institutions; principles of agricultural financial management; successes and failures of co-operative sector in India.
Unit 4: Agricultural Marketing Management
Marketing in a developing economy; Indian marketing environment, structure, conduct and performance analysis; marketable and marketed surplus; marketing functions; channels in marketing, price spread and efficiency; wholesaling and retailing, consumer behavior; the buying process; marketing mix; marketing strategy; planning marketing mix; market segmentation; land targeting: marketing organization, marketing information system, marketing extension; rural retailing; international marketing and finance.
Agricultural marketing system, government interventions including regulated markets, procurement, buffer stock operations, co-operative marketing, price stabilization measures and policies etc.; Forward trading and futures market; Marketing of agricultural inputs; Rural marketing.
Unit 5: Production and Operations Management
Operations management of an agro-industrial unit including operations system and processes; productivity of operations; work force productivity; facilities management; operations planning and control; material and supply chain management; quality management.
Unit 6: Managerial Economics
Scope of managerial economics, objective of the firm and basic economic principles; Consumer theory. Demand analysis - meaning, types and determinants of demand; demand function; demand elasticity; demand forecasting-need and techniques. Production, cost and supply analysis- production function, least-cost input combination, factor productivities and returns to scale, cost concepts, cost-output relationship, Pricing-determinants of price - pricing under different market structures. The national income; circular flow of income: consumption, investment and saving: money-functions, demand & supply; inflation; economic growth; business cycles and business policies;
Unit 7: Operations Research
Linear Programming: Objective, Assumptions, Formulation of Linear Programming Problem, Graphic Method, Simplex method; Transportation and Assignment Problems; Inventory control Models, Costs Involved in Inventory Management, Types of Inventory; Waiting Line Models: Waiting Line Problem, Characteristics of a Waiting- Line System; Decision making under Risk and uncertainties, Decision problem; Game Theory - Two -Person Zero-Sum Game; Simulation; Network analysis –PERT & CPM.
Unit 8: Agribusiness Environment and Policy
Role of agriculture in Indian economy; problems and policy changes relating to farm supplies, farm production, agro processing, agricultural marketing, agricultural finance etc. in the country. Agribusiness – definition and nature, components of agribusiness management, changing dimensions of agricultural business. Structure of Agriculture - Linkages among sub-sectors of the Agribusiness sector; economic reforms and Indian agriculture; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on Agri business sector. Emerging trends in production, processing, marketing and exports; policy controls and regulations relating to the industrial sector with specific reference to agro-industries. Agribusiness policies- concept and formulation; and new dimensions in Agri business environment and policy. Agricultural price and marketing policies; public distribution system and other policies. International trade- basic concepts, WTO and its implications for Indian Economy in general and agriculture sector in particular.