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Computer Terms for IBPS PO Exam- 17 June 2012: I

 25-MAY-2012

Read here the important computer terms which we have jotted down keeping in mind their importance for the upcoming IBPS PO Exam scheduled to be conducted on 17 June 2012

Application Files- Program files environment where you can create and edit the kind of document that application makes

Bug- a fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly

Central Processor Unit (CPU) - This is where the entire computer's data processing is handled - all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output.

Click- To select an object by pressing the mouse button when the cursor is pointing to the required menu option, icon or hypertext link

Close - To close a window that has been opened for viewing and / or editing

Computer- A general-purpose machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally either temporarily or permanently

Cookie- A packet of information that travels between a browser and the web server

CPU- An acronym for Central Processing Unit and is often used to refer to a computer system, such as "That beige box sitting next to my 24" flat screen monitor is my new CPU

Crash- Your computer or application no longer works correctly and so you "loose" all the work you've done since the last time you saved

Creating A File- Storing data as a file with an assigned file name that is unique within the directory it resides in

Delete- To remove an item of data from a file or to remove a file from the disk

Desktop- An on-screen representation of a desktop such as used in the Macintosh and Windows operating systems

Dialog Boxes- Takes over your screen and allows you to ‘dialog' with the computer

Directory (AKA Folder, sub-directory)- Allows you to organize files and other folders

Disk Space- This is the place where your files live. The greater the disk space the more files you can keep. More disk space is always better than less. You can never have much disk space.

Document Files- Files we care about (memos, letters, pictures, etc.

Documents- Files you create and edit

Double Click- To press the mouse button twice in rapid succession without moving the mouse between clicks

Drag- To move an object on screen in which its complete movement is visible from starting location to destination

Edit- To make a change to existing data

File Cabinet- Metaphorically, the hard drive (and other kinds of storage media like floppy disks) which store files and folders

Folder Icons- Collections of documents and other folders

Google­- search engine on the web

Hotmail- free email service, now part of MSN

Icon View- Allows you to see icons of folders and files primarily as icons with little information

Icons- In a graphical user interface (GUI), a small, pictorial, on screen representation of an object, such as a document, program, folder or disk drive.

Keyboard- This if the primary text input device. It also contains certain standard function keys, such as the Escape key, tab, and arrow keys, shift and control keys, and sometimes other manufacturer-customized keys.

Macintosh- Macintosh, Mac - a personal computer from Apple Computer

Mouse- Pointing device that allows you to tell the computer what to do

Mozilla- a web browser and successor to Netscape Communicator

Operating System (OS) - System software that allows your computer to work

Pentium- Microprocessor from Intel

Random Access Memory (RAM) - This stands for Random Access Memory. You can think of this as the "space" where you computer does its processing. The more space you have the more processes you can run at the same time. More RAM is always better than less. You can never have much RAM.

Recycle Bin- Place where you put files and folders that you may later want to delete or get rid of. Compare Trash

Resize Box- Allows you to change the size and shape of a window

Right click- To press the right button on the mouse. (This is Windows specific. On a Mac running System 8 or higher, you hold down the Control key and then click to get the same effect.)

Save As­­- Give the file a name and/or store the file in a certain place

Save- Tell the computer to create a file on disk that has the information you've put into the document (usually typing)

Scroll bar- Allows you to move around through your document

Shut down- To quit all applications and turn off the computer

Software- Instructions that tell the computer what to do

Spam- unwanted repetitious messages, such as unsolicited bulk e-mail

System files- Allows our computer to work

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Trash- Place where you put files and folders that you want to delete or get rid of

Trojan Horse- a malicious program that is disguised as legitimate software. The term is derived from the classical myth of the Trojan Horse. Analogously, a Trojan horse appears innocuous (or even to be a gift), but in fact is a vehicle for bypassing security

Unix- an operating system

Virus- a piece of program code that spreads by making copies of itself

Volume Icons- Devices that hold files and folders

Wiki or WikiWiki- a hypertext document collection or the collaborative software used to create it

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