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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 17 March 2017

Mar 17, 2017 13:14 IST

Current Affairs QuizCurrent affairs quizzes play a crucial role in the IAS Prelims exam and IAS Mains exam. The IAS aspirants have to be very sincere while doing preparation for IAS Exam.

Apart from the sincereity, the IAS aspirants should also choose the reliable sources of current affairs study materials. Here, we have provided current affairs quizzes with explanations based on the recent burning issues happened in India and around the world.

Current Affairs for IAS Exam- 1st to 10th March 2017

1. In order to measure the excellence keeping in view the diversity of India, the National Institutional Ranking Framework has been brought out by the Government. Consider the following statements regarding the measures taken by the Government to improve the ranking of the Indian institutions:
I. The National Institutional Ranking Framework is objectively measures parameters such as Teaching Learning Resources, Research productivity/impact, Graduation outcomes, Outreach and inclusivity and perception.
II. The Government is taking several measures to improve the ranking of the Indian institutions by promoting research through initiatives like the IMPRINT India, Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY) and Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN).
III. Further initiatives like the e-Shodh Sindhu, National Digital Library and SWAYAM have provided opportunity for Indian institutions to do better on global platform.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

The global ranking systems give weightage to the parameters such as the percentage of the international students and foreign faculty, and perception - where Indian institutions do not fare as well.

In order to measure the excellence keeping in view the diversity of India, the National Institutional Ranking Framework has been brought out by the Government, which objectively measures parameters such as Teaching Learning Resources, Research productivity/impact, Graduation outcomes, Outreach and inclusivity and perception. Nine institutions from India have been figuring in the top 500 ranks in the World Best University rankings issued by QS. While some of them have had a lower rank in 2016 compared to 2015, IIT Madras has improved its global ranking in 2016.

The Government is taking several measures to improve the ranking of the Indian institutions by promoting research through initiatives like the IMPRINT India, Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY) and Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN). Further initiatives like the e-shodh Sindhu, National Digital Library and SWAYAM have provided an opportunity for Indian institutions to do better on the global platform. The IIT Council has also approved the proposal to implement a host of measures for building world-class laboratories, collaborative research, and global outreach for improving the ranking of the IITs.

A complete set of Current Affairs Quizzes- February 2017

2. Recently, the Department of Atomic Energy has plans to increase generation of atomic energy. Consider the following statements regarding the share of nuclear power in India:
I. The share of nuclear power was about 3.2% in India in the year 2016-17 (up to Feb-2017).
II. The share of nuclear power is country-specific and depends on other sources of electricity generation deployed in the country.
III. The share of nuclear power in total electricity generation is planned to be progressively increased by an addition of nuclear power capacity for which a large expansion programme based on both indigenous technologies and with foreign technical cooperation is planned.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

The share of nuclear power was about 3.2% in India in the year 2016-17 (up to Feb-2017). During this period, about 34136 Million Units (MUs) of electricity was produced from Nuclear Power Plants against a total of about 1052160 MUs produced in India. The share of nuclear power is country-specific and depends on other sources of electricity generation deployed in the country.

The share of nuclear power in total electricity generation is planned to be progressively increased by an addition of nuclear power capacity for which a large expansion programme based on both indigenous technologies and with foreign technical cooperation is planned. In this regard, the Government has taken several enabling steps which include according of “In principle” approval of sites for locating future nuclear reactors based both on indigenous technologies and with foreign technical cooperation; entering into enabling agreements with foreign countries for nuclear cooperation including supply of fuel; amendment of the Atomic Energy Act to enable Joint Ventures of Public Sector Companies to set up nuclear power projects and creation of India Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) for resolving issues arising out of Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act, 2010.

A complete set of Current Affairs Quizzes- January 2017

3. In order to ensure elementary, secondary, and higher education to children, which of the following schemes was launched by the Government?
a. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
b. Strengthening for providing quality Education in Madrassas (SPQEM)
c. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

As per Unified District Information System for Education (U-DISE), 2015-16 the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) at primary, upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary level is 99.21%, 92.81, 80.01% and 56.16%, respectively. As per the report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for 2015-16, GER in higher education in the age group of 18-23 years is 24.5%.

In order to ensure the elementary, secondary, and higher education to children, the Government has launched several schemes such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid Day Meal, Strengthening of Teachers Training Institute, Schemes for Infrastructure Development of Private Aided/Unaided Minority Institutes (IDMI), Mahila Samakhya, Strengthening for providing quality Education in Madrassas (SPQEM), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), Inclusive Education for Disable at Secondary Stage (IEDSS), Incentives to Girls at Secondary Stage, National Merit cum Means Scholarship, Financial Assistance for Appointment of language Teachers, Adolescence Education Programme, Opening of Girl Hostel, Model School, Information and Communication Technology at School, Vocationalisation of Secondary Education, Saakshar Bharat, State Resource Centre (SRCs), Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs), Teacher Education, Rashtriya Ucchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA), National Initiative for Design Innovation, National Research Professorship (NRP), Establishment of New Central Universities, National Tribal University, World Class Central Universities, Degree Colleges in Educationally Backward Districts, Incentivizing State Governments for expansion of higher education institutions, Interest subsidy on educational loans taken by students from economically backward sections to pursue technical/professional education, Supporting uncovered state universities and colleges, Strengthening science-based higher education and research in university, Inter-universities research institute for policy and evaluation, Scheme of Apprenticeship Training, Support for Distance Education & Web Based Learning (NPTEL) and Technology Development Mission.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17

4. The Union Cabinet recently approved the National Health Policy of 2017 aiming at achieving universal health coverage. Consider the following statements in this regard:
I. This Policy aims at delivering quality health care services to all at an affordable cost.
II. The policy proposes free drugs, free diagnostics and free emergency care services in all private hospitals.
III. It addresses health security and makes in India for drugs and devices.

Which of the above statements is correct?
a. I and II
b. II and III
c. I and III
d. All of the above

Answer: c

Explanation

The Union Cabinet has approved the National Health Policy, 2017 (NHP, 2017).  Some features of this policy are as follows:

• The Policy seeks to reach everyone in a comprehensive integrated way to move towards wellness.

• It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at affordable cost.

• This Policy looks at problems and solutions holistically with the private sector as strategic partners.

• It seeks to promote quality of care; focus is on emerging diseases and investment in promotive and preventive healthcare.

• The policy is patient centric and quality driven. It addresses health security and makes in India for drugs and devices.

• In order to provide access and financial protection at secondary and tertiary care levels, the policy proposes free drugs, free diagnostics and free emergency care services in all public hospitals.

• The policy envisages strategic purchase of secondary and tertiary care services as a short-term measure to supplement and fill critical gaps in the health system.

• The NHP, 2017 advocates a positive and proactive engagement with the private sector for critical gap filling towards achieving national goals.

The policy proposes raising public health expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP in a time bound manner.

Union Budget 2017 Questions

5. Recently, the Election Commission of India has unequivocally reiterated that EVMs are not temperable and integrity of the electoral process is always preserved. Consider the following statements in this regard:
I. The programme used in EVM machines is burnt into a One Time Programmable (OTP) so that it cannot be altered or tampered with.
II. The software is so designed that it allows a voter to cast the vote only once.
III. Control unit of EVMs accepts only specially encrypted and dynamically coded data and data from any outside source cannot be accepted.

Which of the above statements is correct?
a. I and II
b. II and III
c. I and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

The EVM machine is electronically protected to prevent any tampering/manipulation. The programme (software) used in these machines is burnt into a One Time Programmable (OTP)/Masked chip so that it cannot be altered or tampered with. Further, these machines are not networked either by wire or by wireless to any other machine or system. Therefore, there is no possibility of its data corruption.

The software is so designed that it allows a voter to cast the vote only once. The vote can be recorded by an elector from the ballot unit only after the Presiding Officer enables the ballot on the Control Unit. The machine does not receive any signal from outside at any time. The next vote can be recorded only after the Presiding Officer enables the ballot on the Control Unit. In between, the machine becomes dead to any signal from outside (except from the Control Unit).

Technical Evaluation Committee in 2006 has concluded that any tempering of CU by coded signals by wireless or outside or Bluetooth or WiFi is ruled out as CU does not have high-frequency receiver and the data decoder. CU accepts only specially encrypted and dynamically coded data from BU. Data from any outside source cannot be accepted by CU.

Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2017

Highlights
  • Citing safety concerns, non-Kashmiri students demand
  • They are also calling for action against cops who lathicharged students
  • NIT campus has been tense since students clashed over Indias T20 defeat

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