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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 20 March 2017

Mar 20, 2017 11:59 IST

current affairs 20 March

Current affairs section should be exclusively prepared as it is considered as the most important and testing section of the IAS Exam. Current affair is the most decisive part of IAS prelims as well as IAS mains Exam. Here, we cover important issues from the most authentic sources like the Hindu and economic times.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 17 March 2017

We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. The rankings of all 193 United Nations member countries regarding the world ranking of the number of women parliamentarians was released recently. Consider the following statements in this regard:

1)    This ranking was released by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UN Women.

2)    The percentage of women in parliaments worldwide barely ticked up to 23.3 percent in 2016.

3)    India’s percentage is same as that of the world tally.

Which of the above statements is correct?

a.    1 and 3
b.    1 and 2
c.    2 and 3
d.    1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

A world ranking of the number of women parliamentarians has placed India at number 148. The rankings of all 193 United Nations member countries released recently by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UN Women showed that women in India made up 11.8 per cent of the Lok Sabha where 64 were elected to the 542-member house and 11 per cent of the Rajya Sabha with 27 of the 245 members.

Rwanda ranked first in the number of women parliamentarians with 61.3 per cent in the lower house, followed by Bolivia with 53.1 per cent and Cuba 48.9 per cent.

India ranked 88 in the number of women Ministers with five or 18.5 per cent in the cabinet. The percentage of women in parliaments worldwide barely ticked up from 22.6 per cent in 2015 to 23.3 per cent in 2016. India’s percentage is about half the world tally. A constitutional amendment bill to reserve 33 per cent of Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats for women was first proposed in 1996 but has failed in the last 20 years to make headway.

Current Affairs Quizzes of February 2017

2.    The Commerce and Industry Ministry launched the Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme (TIES) recently. Consider the following statements regarding TIES:

1)    The objective of the proposed scheme is to enhance export competitiveness by bridging gaps in export infrastructure.

2)    The Central and State Agencies, including Export Promotion Councils, Commodities Boards, SEZ Authorities and Apex Trade Bodies recognised under the EXIM policy of the Government of India; are eligible for financial support under this scheme.

3)    The Central Government funding to all the states will be in the form of a grant-in-aid, normally not more than 50% of the total equity in the project.

Which of the above statements is correct?

a.    1 and 3
b.    1 and 2
c.    2 and 3
d.    1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Commerce and Industry Ministry launched the Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme (TIES) recently. The Scheme is focussed on addressing the needs of the exporters and the focus is not just to create infrastructure but to make sure it is professionally run and sustained.

There will be an Empowered Committee to periodically review the progress of the approved projects in the Scheme and will take necessary steps to ensure achievement of the objectives of the Scheme.

The scheme would provide assistance for setting up and up-gradation of infrastructure projects with overwhelming export linkages like the Border Haats, Land customs stations, quality testing and certification labs, cold chains, trade promotion centres, dry ports, export warehousing and packaging, SEZs and ports/airports cargo terminuses.

The objective of the proposed scheme is to enhance export competitiveness by bridging gaps in export infrastructure, creating focused export infrastructure, first mile and last mile connectivity for export-oriented projects and addressing quality and certification measures.

The Central and State Agencies, including Export Promotion Councils, Commodities Boards, SEZ Authorities and Apex Trade Bodies recognised under the EXIM policy of Government of India; are eligible for financial support under this scheme.

The Central Government funding will be in the form of a grant-in-aid, normally not more than the equity being put in by the implementing agency or 50% of the total equity in the project. (In case of projects located in the North Eastern States and Himalayan States including J&K, this grant can be up to 80% of the total equity).

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

3. Recently, the Government has introduced Soil Health Card Scheme in all States/UTs. Consider the following statements regarding the Soil Health Card Scheme:

I. The main aim to assist all State Governments to evaluate fertility in all farm holdings across the country and issue soil health cards to farmers regularly in a cycle of 5 years.

II. Soil Health Cards provide information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendations on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied to improving soil health and its fertility.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a.    Only I
b.    Both I and II
c.    Only II
d.    Neither I nor II

Answer: c

Explanation:

The Government has introduced Soil Health Card Scheme in all States/UTs with an aim to assist all State Governments to evaluate fertility in all farm holdings across the country and issue soil health cards to farmers regularly in a cycle of 2 years.  Soil Health Cards provide information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendations on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied to improving soil health and its fertility.

Against the target of 2.53 crore soil samples, the States have collected 2.71 crore samples and tested 2.05 crore samples to print about 11 crore soil health cards.  As on 14.03.2017, 5.66 crore cards have been distributed to farmers.

A study conducted by National Productivity Council (NPC) in 2016 has shown that 84% of farmers have expressed that they have applied the nutrients recommendations suggested in soil health card that has proven to be beneficial to them in reducing the cost of cultivation and improving the productivity of crops.

Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

4. The AYUSH medical treatment is gaining momentum in the country with more and more hospital providing this treatment. Consider the following statements regarding the National AYUSH Mission (NAM):

I. The Central Government, through Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM), extends support for the promotion of AYUSH healthcare to the States/UTs for the development of infrastructure, purchase of equipment & furniture and supply of essential AYUSH medicines.

II. NAM also extends support for the development of AYUSH educational institution, Quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU & H) drugs and Medicinal Plants.

III. Under National Health Mission (NHM), support is provided to States/UTs for strengthening their healthcare systems including for mainstreaming of AYUSH based on the requirements posed by the States/UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans (PIPs).

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a.    Only I
b.    I and II
c.    II and III
d.    All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

The number of hospitals providing AYUSH medical treatment in the country has increased to a total of 3590 hospitals as on 01.04.2016. These include 2820 hospitals of Ayurveda, 256 of Unani, 273 Siddha hospitals, 7 of Yoga, 30 of Naturopathy and 203 homoeopathy hospitals.

The Central Government, through Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM), extends support for promotion of AYUSH healthcare to the States/UTs for co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs) for development of infrastructure, purchase of equipment & furniture and supply of essential AYUSH medicines.

NAM also extends support for the development of AYUSH educational institution, Quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU & H) drugs and Medicinal Plants. Further, under National Health Mission (NHM), support is provided to States/UTs for strengthening their healthcare systems including for mainstreaming of AYUSH based on the requirements posed by the States/UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans (PIPs). These supports also include support for engagement of AYUSH doctors/paramedics in public health facilities.

5. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL)- CSIR has dedicated the first pristine air-quality monitoring station to the Nation at:

a.    Palampur
b.    Srinagar
c.    Nanital
d.    Shimla

Answer: a

Explanation:

National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has established an atmospheric monitoring station on the campus of Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) at Palampur (H.P.) at an altitude of 1391 m for generating the base data for atmospheric trace species & properties to serve as a reference for comparison of polluted atmosphere in India.

At this station, NPL has installed state of art air monitoring system, greenhouse gas measurement system and Raman Lidar. A number of parameters like CO, NO, NO2, NH3, SO2, O3, PM, HC & BC besides CO2 & CH4 are being currently monitored at this station which is also equipped with weather station (AWS) for measurement of weather parameters.

In India, air quality parameters are mostly measured in industrial and residential areas, however, data for air quality of pristine atmosphere is not available in India. NPL’s station will contribute to filling this important gap. The NPL’s station will also serve as a base station for inter-comparison of air quality monitoring equipment being used in India to improve the quality of monitored data in India.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

Highlights
  • Citing safety concerns, non-Kashmiri students demand
  • They are also calling for action against cops who lathicharged students
  • NIT campus has been tense since students clashed over Indias T20 defeat

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