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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 12 April 2017

Apr 12, 2017 12:28 IST

current affairs 12 April 2017

Most of the questions asked in the IAS prelims exam are derived from the current affair of issues of last one year. And hence a good understanding of the latest current affairs can help IAS aspirants to clear the IAS prelims exam. So, IAS aspirants should always try to practice as many MCQS as possible.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 11 April 2017

We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Which of the following gases is used as a chemical warfare nerve agent?

1) Sarin Gas

2) Tabun

3) Soman

4) Cyclosarin

Choose the correct codes:

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

The United States believes the Syrian government employed a sarin-like nerve agent in the deadly attack in the country's north-west. Originally conceived as a pesticide, sarin was used by Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein's regime to gas thousands of Kurds in the northern town of Halabja in 1988.

Chemical Warfare gas PropertiesInhaled or absorbed through the skin, the gas kills by crippling the respiratory centre of the central nervous system and paralysing the muscles around the lungs. The combination results in death by suffocation, and sarin can contaminate food or water supplies.

Sarin is 26 times more deadly than cyanide gas. Just a pinprick-sized droplet will kill a human. Nerve agents are generally quick-acting and require only simple chemical techniques and inexpensive, readily available ingredients to manufacture.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

2. A committee constituted by the Ministry of Environment recently held the Cochin Port Trust (CPT) responsible for Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) violations in Vembanad. Consider the following statements regarding Vembanad:

1) Vembanad is the largest lake in India.

2) The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted on a portion of the lake.

3) The Vembanad Wetland system was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

Vembanad is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in the state of Kerala. Spanning several districts in the state of Kerala, it is known as Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi. Several groups of small islands including Vypin, Mulavukad, Vallarpadam, Willingdon Island are located in the Kochi Lake portion. The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in a portion of the lake.

The government of India has identified the Vembanad wetland under National Wetlands Conservation Programme. Vembanad Kol Wetland was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilisation of wetlands. It is home to more than 20,000 waterfowls - the third largest such population in India. It is also an ideal habitat for shrimps.

The uncontrolled mining of shells from the lake bed is also posing a threat to the eco-system. The sewage effluents and the heavy load of organic material released from the neighbouring areas are let into the water and are responsible for the decrease in dissolved oxygen content in the water in the water body.

Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

3. A recent Anthropological Survey of India publication has brought to the startling revelations about the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in the country including the fact that no baseline surveys have been conducted among more than half of such groups. Consider the following statements regarding the PVTGs:

1) PVTG is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with, particularly low development indices.

2) This was created based on the Swaran Singh Commission report and other studies.

3) The features of such a group include a pre-agricultural system of existence that is the practice of hunting and gathering, zero or negative population growth, extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 3
b. Only 2
c. 1 and 2
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: a

Explanation:

Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with, particularly low development indices.

During the fourth Five Year Plan a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups that considered being at a lower level of development. This was created based on the Dhebar Commission report and other studies. This sub-category was named "Primitive tribal group".

The features of such a group include a pre-agricultural system of existence that is the practice of hunting and gathering, zero or negative population growth, extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups.

Groups that satisfied any one of the criteria were considered as PTG. At the conclusion of the Fifth Five-year plan, 52 communities were identified as being a "primitive tribal group"; these communities were identified on the basis of recommendations made by the respective state governments.

Indian Economy Quiz for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: Government Schemes

4. Recently, the Government has released funds for Pollution Abatement. In India which of the following organisations monitors air quality across the country?

a. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
b. State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs)
c. Both a and b
d. Neither a nor b

Answer: c

Explanation:

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) monitors air quality across the country under National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP).

The NAMP network comprises of 680 monitoring stations located in 300 cities/towns covering 29 states and 6 union territories. State-wise details of funds released to various monitoring agencies during the years 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17 for ambient air quality monitoring as operational and maintenance cost under National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP).

The Government has formulated the environmental regulations and statutes for management and control of pollution. The Government has also laid down National Ambient Air Quality standards and notified 115 emission/effluent standards for 104 different sectors of industries, besides 32 general standards for ambient air.

The compliance and implementation of these provisions and standards by the polluting industries are mandatory and binding. In so far as the scheme for abatement of pollution is concerned, it allows for the participation of Public as well as Private Sector.

5. Realising the immense scope for development of fisheries and aquaculture, the Government of India has restructured the Central Plan Scheme under an umbrella of Blue Revolution. Consider the following statements regarding the Blue Revolution:

I. It provides for a focused development and management of the fisheries sector to increase both fish production and fish productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries sector including deep sea fishing.

II. The Blue Revolution is being implemented to achieve economic prosperity of fishermen and fish farmers and to contribute towards food and nutritional security.

III. Under the scheme, it has been targeted to enhance the fish production from 107.95 lakh tonnes in 2015-16 to about 150 lakh tonnes by the end of the financial year 2019-20.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

Realising the immense scope for development of fisheries and aquaculture, the Government of India has restructured the Central Plan Scheme under an umbrella of Blue Revolution.

The restructured Central Sector Scheme on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries (CSS) approved by the Government provides for a focused development and management of the fisheries sector to increase both fish production and fish productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries sector including deep sea fishing.

The scheme has the following components:

•    National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities.

•    Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture.

•    Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Operations.

•    Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector.

•    Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector.

•    Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions.

•    National Scheme on Welfare of Fishermen.

The Scheme Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries is being implemented in consultation with all States & UTs. Besides the activities undertaken under both the marine and inland sectors, no specific role for the coastal states has been defined.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

Highlights
  • Citing safety concerns, non-Kashmiri students demand
  • They are also calling for action against cops who lathicharged students
  • NIT campus has been tense since students clashed over Indias T20 defeat

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