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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 4 April 2017

Apr 4, 2017 12:43 IST

Current Affairs QuizCurrent affairs have immense importance in IAS Exam. As per the recent pattern of UPSC IAS Exam, it seeks an analytical approach from the IAS aspirant while answering questions in IAS Mains Exam and every answer should also have some recent based case studies. Here, we have provided current affairs quizzes based on the recent events, important for IAS Prelims Exam.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims 2017- March 2017

1. Recently, the SpaceX has launched its first recycled rocket. Consider the following statements regarding SpaceX’s historic rocket flight:
I. The Falcon 9 blasted off from Florida’s Kennedy Space Centre yesterday, hoisting a broadcasting satellite into the early evening clear sky on the historic rocket re-flight.
II. It was the first time the SpaceX tried to fly a booster that soared before on an orbital mission.
III. This particular first stage landed on an ocean platform almost exactly a year ago after a space station launch for NASA.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

SpaceX has launched its first recycled rocket, the biggest leap yet in its bid to drive down costs and speed up flights. The Falcon 9 blasted off from Florida’s Kennedy Space Centre, hoisting a broadcasting satellite into the early evening clear sky on the historic rocket re-flight. It was the first time SpaceX founder Elon Musk tried to fly a booster that soared before on an orbital mission.

This particular first stage landed on an ocean platform almost exactly a year ago after a space station launch for NASA. SpaceX refurbished and tested the 15-foot booster, still sporting its nine original engines. It aimed for another vertical landing at sea once it was finished boosting the satellite for the SES Company of Luxembourg.
Long-time customer SES got a discount for agreeing to use a salvaged rocket, but wouldn’t say how much. It’s not just about the savings, said chief technology officer Martin Halliwell.

Current Affairs Quizzes of February 2017

2. The Odisha government is pushing for massive infrastructure improvement around the Chilika lagoon. Consider the following facts regarding the Chilika lagoon:
1) It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.
2) It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent.
3) Chilika Lake was designated the second Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Which of the above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: a

Explanation:

Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon in the Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world after The New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia.

It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. Microalgae, marine seaweeds, sea grasses, fishes and crabs also flourish in the brackish water of the Chilika Lagoon.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

3. Which of the following is a soil fungus, which uses enzymes to rapidly break down plastic materials?
a. Blue Milk Mushroom
b. Aspergillus tubingensis
c. Golden Jelly Fungus
d. All of the above

Answer: b

Explanation:

Scientists have identified a soil fungus, which uses enzymes to rapidly break down plastic materials. This will be an advance that could help deal with waste problem that threatens our environment.

Aspergillus tubingensis is a fungus, which ordinarily lives in the soil. In laboratory trials, the researchers found that it also grows on the surface of plastics. It secretes enzymes onto the surface of the plastic, and these break the chemical bonds between the plastic molecules, or polymers.

Using advanced microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, the team found that the fungus also uses the physical strength of its mycelia that is the network of root like filaments grown by fungi to help break apart the polymers.

Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

4. The Smart City Mission (SCM) of the Centre is a part of the overall game plan to accommodate the massive urbanisation that is expected in the future — by modernising the existing mid-sized cities. Consider the following statements regarding the Smart City Mission (SCM):
I. As recently as in 2011, there were no smart cities in the world and there will be 26 of them by 2026, according to Frost and Sullivan estimates.
II. The Indian government’s SCM, which is essentially a five-year game plan, is actually just one baby step towards forming smart cities in the real sense.
III. The Centre proposes to develop 100 smart cities over the next five years with overall budgetary plan of about ₹1, 00,000 crore.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

The Smart City Mission (SCM) of the Centre is part of the overall game plan to accommodate the massive urbanisation that is expected in the future — by modernising the existing mid-sized cities. As recently as in 2011, there were no smart cities in the world. However, there will be 26 of them by 2026, according to Frost and Sullivan estimates. Beijing, Tokyo, Singapore, Sydney and Amsterdam will be among them; while there will be none from India.

Indian cities have got a long way to go before they qualify as ‘smart cities’; may be another 15-20 years. The Indian government’s SCM, which is essentially a five-year game plan, is actually just one baby step towards forming smart cities in the real sense.

However, the good news is that the SCM is already gathering steam. Round 3 of the “competition”, as it is called — which recently invited proposals from various cities – will soon shortlist 40 more cities, taking the overall tally to 100 cities.

5. Recently, the Indian Institutes of Management Bill 2017 has been passed. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Institutes of Management Bill 2017:
I. The Bill declares 20 existing Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) as institutions of national importance and confers on them the power to grant degrees.
II. Currently, the central government has a role in the functioning of IIMs which includes appointment of the Chairperson of their Boards, their Directors and pay to the Director.  In contrast, the Bill extends greater autonomy to the Board in the performance of these functions.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. Only II
c. Both I and II
d. Neither I nor II

Answer: c

Explanation:

The Bill declares 20 existing Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) as institutions of national importance and confers on them the power to grant degrees. The Board of Governors will be the executive body of each IIM, comprising up to 19 members. It will nominate 17 board members including eminent persons, faculty members and alumni. The remaining two members will be nominees from the central and state governments, respectively. The Board appoints its own Chairperson.

The Board of Governors will appoint the Director of each IIM. A search committee will recommend names for the post of the Director. The Director is eligible for variable pay, to be determined by the Board. The Academic Council of each IIM will determine the: (i) academic content; (ii) criteria and process for admission to courses; and (iii) guidelines for conduct of examinations.

A coordination forum will be set up, which will include representation from the 20 IIMs. It will discuss matters of common interest to all IIMs.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

Highlights
  • Citing safety concerns, non-Kashmiri students demand
  • They are also calling for action against cops who lathicharged students
  • NIT campus has been tense since students clashed over Indias T20 defeat

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