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How to put your political science degree to use?

Oct 3, 2017 19:15 IST
Scope of graduating with political science degree
Scope of graduating with political science degree

Political science focuses on both the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels. The subject is dedicated to developing understandings of institutions, practices and relations that constitute public life and modes of inquiry that promote citizenship. Here is the list of courses and career options you can opt for after graduating with political science as your degree.

International Relations
The field of international relations teaches students and develops an understanding of why states and non-state international actors, like the United Nations and multinational corporations, interact as they do. International relations delves in both, what kinds of behavior are studied and how they are studied. International conflict, especially war, continues to be an important focus of the field. Why do wars start? Who wins the war and why? How can wars be prevented from happening? What is the role of international law and organizations in preventing war? As the world becomes a global village, scholars have become more aware of the importance of international economic activity. As a result, scholars are analyzing world trade, communications, infrastructure development, foreign investment, and international finance. Another important area of study is how states make foreign policy decisions and national security policy, nuclear deterrence, arms control and defence spending decisions are typical examples of these decisions.

International relations is aimed at explaining the interactions of states in the global interstate system, and also tries to describe the interactions of others whose behaviour originates within one country and is targeted toward residents of other countries. In short, the study of international relations is an attempt to explain behavior that occurs across the boundaries of countries, the broader relationships of which such behaviour is a part, and the institutions (private, state, nongovernmental, and intergovernmental) that oversee those communications. Explanations of those activities may be sought at any level of human aggregation. Some people look to psychological and social-psychological understandings of why foreign policymakers act like they do, while others investigate institutional processes and politics as factors contributing to the externally directed goals and behavior of states. Alternatively, explanations may be found in the relationships between and among the participants (for e.g. balance of power), in the intergovernmental engagements among states (for e.g. collective security), in the activities of multinational corporations (for e.g. the distribution of wealth), or in the distribution of power and control in the world as a single system.

Budget Analysts
A Budget analyst helps us in effective budget planning and spending. They conduct reviews of budget proposals and analyse data to determine the correct allocation of funding. A budget analyst must have a strong mathematical mind and an ability to think critically, besides having a sound knowledge of social and political factors of any company and its target audience. They should also be knowledgeable about all legal regulations pertaining to budgeting and splurging. The professionals are also expected to have a strong attention to detail, writing skills and excellent communication ability. The job of a budget analyst is to organize finances of the company and ensure acceleration of profitability and growth.

Political Scientist

A political scientist is a person who studies government, political developments and issues in a scientific way, often within the context of an academic institution. This field of study includes a variety of disciplines besides the formal institutions of government. Formal laws are studied, besides things like public opinion, parties and economics. As a science, the study of politics in an academy strives to be orderly, objective and unbiased. Arbitrariness and prejudice are avoided, while personal biases and partisan views are kept out of the process. A political scientist can give judgment as well as conclusions, but they are always based on facts and supported by proof and reasoning.

Most important part of being a political science student is to look at the school's and the professor's background and political involvements and remember that their beliefs are just that- their own. Focus on developing a strong analytical technique and not a copycat ideology.

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