Q.What is the New Syllabus and Pattern for IAS Main Exam 2013?
Ans.The IAS Main 2013 will start from 1st December 2013. The exam will be conducted on the new pattern as declared in the advertisement. The Main exam will consist of Essay, Modern Indian Language, English, General Studies-I, General Studies-II, General Studies-III, General Studies-IV, Optional Subject Paper –I, Optional Subject
• Except the paper on Modern Indian language and English all the papers will be of 250 marks.
• The total of General Studies will be 1000 marks (250x4)
• The Modern Indian Language Paper and the English Paper will be of 600 marks (300x2).
• Essay -250 marks
• The Optional Subject will be of 500 marks (250 x2).
The total marks of the written papers will be 2350 Marks.The language papers are only of qualifying nature and the merit will be calculated from 1750 marks for the call in Interview.
The importance of General Studies has increased manifolds in the new pattern. The following are details of General Studies Papers.
• General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
• General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
• General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
• General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Qualifying Papers on Indian Language and English
The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Précis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essay.
The General Studies Paper I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) will consist of the following:
• Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
• Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
• The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
• Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
• History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
• Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
• Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
• Effects of globalization on Indian society
• Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
• Salient features of world's physical geography.
• Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
• Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
• Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
• Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
• Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
• Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
• Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
• Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
• Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
• Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
• Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
• Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
• Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
• Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
• Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
• Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
• Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
• Role of civil services in a democracy.
• India and its neighborhood-relations.
• Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
• Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian Diaspora.
• Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
• Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
• Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
• Government Budgeting.
• Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.
• Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
• Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
• Investment models.
• Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
• Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
• Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
• Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
• Disaster and disaster management.
• Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
• Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
• Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
• Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
• Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
• Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
• Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
• Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
• Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
• Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
• Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
• Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
• Case Studies on above issues.
• Optional Subject - Paper I -250 Marks
• Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks
Analysis of the New Pattern:
The candidates have to balance between the newly added General Studies Papers and the traditional General Studies Papers I and Paper II. The General Studies Paper II is oriented towards the Polity of India with the addition of the some important Laws and Acts such as The Representation of People Act 1951. It also added the comparison of Indian Constitution with other Constitutions. So the candidates should read the books which give the highlights of the other Constitutions. The General Studies Paper III is oriented towards the economic Issues and the newly added Disaster Management. For this paper one should read the Ignou Study Material on the Disaster Management. For the Economic Issues the candidate can buy the Jagranjosh E-book on Basic Economics and Indian Economy. The candidates have to rely on the traditional books on History and Geography for the General Studies Paper I. For the Indian Heritage and Culture the candidates should read IGNOU Booklets on the Indian Heritage and Culture. The candidate can test their History and Polity knowledge through the Jagranjosh online test on Indian History and Polity. In the General Studies paper III Social Justice is mentioned in the syllabus.
For this topic one should know the Current Social Events, the Social Legislations and the Social Schemes of the Government of India. The candidate should also read the Social Issues E-book of Jagranjosh.com to get the latest happening on the social front in India. For the General Studies Paper III the candidate should rely on the NCERT and the IGNOU study Material on the biodiversity. The candidate should read the E-book on Environmental Studies released by JagranJosh.com for the current happening in the arena of biodiversity and the Environment. The candidate should also study the annual reports of the Agriculture Ministry so that the candidate can keep a record of cropping pattern of India as it is given in the syllabus.
For other relevant information on IAS/PCS keep visiting Jagranjosh.com/civil services