Since time immemorial, human beings have been engaged in building all kinds of edifices. From huts made of mud to Taj Mahal, we have definitely come a long way. As civilisations matured, it simultaneously led to the development of bigger, better and diverse structures. From cave dwellings, human beings had moved on to construct houses, palaces, canals, dams, highways, and stadia. These civilian structures played a significant role in the development of human race and gave various dimensions to human life as various activities evolved: social, political, economic and recreational.
Some significant structures from the past include the Stonehenge in Britain, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Roman Coliseum, the Great Wall of China and the magnificent Taj Mahal. Also worth mentioning here are buildings from the ancient cities of Chichen Itza, Machu Picchu and Petra. These are just but a mere glimpse of the examples set by one of the oldest branches of engineering, that is, civil engineering.
Amongst all branches of engineering, the range and application of civil engineering is the broadest and the most visible. In fact, the entire infrastructural framework of a modern nation is the creation of civil engineers. The credit of building mighty power plants, dams, airports, sea ports, highways, inland waterways and industrial plants goes to civil engineers. These professionals are also engaged in building an unending array of urban structures such as commercial complexes, skyscrapers, tunnels, bridges, roads, urban rapid transport systems, sports stadia and so on.
Wherever you might be, in cities or towns or in the far-flung areas of the country you simply cannot miss the creation of civil engineers. The nature of this profile makes it an evergreen prospect for career minded youngsters. There is an endless demand for this job profile both in the private as well as in public sector undertakings in our country.
If you have decided to become a civil engineer then there are two options available. You can either go in for a diploma or degree in civil engineering. After a graduate degree, you can also pursue post graduation in the subject.
You can go for a three year Diploma course after Class 10. For applying to a graduate program in civil engineering, you will have to qualify an entrance test either on a national level or on the state level. Your performance in 10+2 examinations could also be taken into consideration. The duration of the graduate program is four years.
After successful completion of this degree course, you can go for a post-graduate course if you are interested in research or teaching. Those interested in higher studies and research can apply for a doctoral program.
For a qualified civil engineer, there is no dearth of jobs, in both government departments and private organisations.
The first and foremost thing in choosing this profession is the inherent interest in making something useful for the society at large. You must also have a liking for appreciating ancient and modern buildings.
A good start to achieve the goal of being a civil engineer is a “well rounded education” which is very necessary to get into this field. For that, you have to take up and excel in subjects like Maths, Physics and Chemistry in 10+2 and during graduation.
As a civil engineer, you will have to plan out, design and supervise the construction of different types of buildings. You need to posses good knowledge of mathematics and science. Also, you must also have good supervisory and administrative skills.
Furthermore, you must be ready to sweat it out at construction sites and even work under stressful and hostile conditions. And if you think you fit the bill then civil engineering is the right profession for you.
A graduate course from a private college will cost you between Rs1,00,000 to Rs 2,00,000, annually. However, in a reputed government run establishment such as the Indian institute of Technology (IIT), you will have to pay an annual fees in the range of Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000.
Colleges offering programs in civil engineering generally extend scholarships to students from socially and economically backward classes. Scholarships, freeships, stipends and financial assistance are also provided to students on the basis of merit and other qualifying criteria.
There is huge demand for civil engineers in India and it is also expected to get a boost as the country gets ready to upgrade its infrastructure with growing economic and political clout in the world. The career opens a lot of opportunities in numerous government departments. Civil engineers are employed in all major construction projects carried out by central and state government agencies.
There are equally good opportunities in the private sector for civil engineers. A major opening for qualified civil engineers is also in armed forces where they can make vital contribution to the protection of the country. Last but not the least you can set up your own engineering consultancy.
Pay packet of a civil engineer depends on a number of things such as educational qualification, type of employer, industry, location of work and so on.
Starting monthly salary of a graduate in civil engineering could be around Rs 10,000 to Rs 15,000. With due experience and continuous upgrade of skills, the salary increases by leaps and bounds. Professors in engineering colleges get extraordinary amounts as monthly salary along with other benefits.
It is important to ensure that you get a degree or diploma from a reputed college as salary will also depend on the brand image of your college.
In the past few years, the demand for civil engineers has exceeded the supply. The growth in economy and exceeding demand for well qualified and experienced civil engineers has resulted in towering pay levels. Shortage of 7,000 civil engineers is witnessed by India every year. Therefore, no civil engineer can go without a job after his graduation. As a civil engineer, good job opportunities will await at your doorstep.
Growth in the economy as a whole and the construction industry in particular has brought cheers to youth seeking to make a career in civil engineering. This demand has been further pushed higher with more multinational engineering companies setting up their footprint across India. Further, the rapid increase in population and the steady technological progress made by the country has considerably enhanced the market for civil engineers.
Indian engineers are in high demand in Asia, Africa and the middle-east. Those graduating from IITs also manage jobs in developed countries. The employment opportunities abroad are very appealing but sometimes it also carries a certain amount of risk. For instance, Indian engineers involved in construction work in Afghanistan have been repeatedly targeted by terrorists. So the decision to go abroad should be taken after considering all the possible scenarios and your won priorities in life and career.
The following are some of the important branches of civil engineering:
1. Ajay Kadam Association
2. Antant Access
3. Associated Engineering
4. Balaji Railroad Systems Ltd.
5. Dr. Kelkar Consultants Pvt. Ltd.
6. Expert Technology – Chennai
7. Gammon India Ltd.
8. Hiranandani Construction Pvt.Ltd.
9. IVRCL Infrastructure & Projects Ltd.
10. Jaypee Group
11. Larsen and Tubro
12. Macro Marvel Infrastructure Corporation Ltd.
13. Nircon Engineering Consultants.
14. Potential Consultants.
15. RDS Projects Ltd.
16. Simplex Projects Ltd.
17. Subhash projects and Marketing Ltd.
18. Vadakar and Associates.