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Science | Technology

Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope being constructed in China

Published on: 04-AUG-2015
Important for Exam: 7 people agreed

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) is an Aricibo-type telescope. It is funded by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).

NASA enhanced collision-avoidance system to avoid traffic jams between satellites orbiting Mars

Published on: 03-AUG-2015
Important for Exam: 13 people agreed

The step was taken after addition of two new spacecraft, namely NASA's MAVEN and India's Mangalyaan, to orbit the Mars has gone up to five.

SALt, a lamp that runs eight hours on water and salt, developed

Published on: 31-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 21 people agreed

The battery will work for eight hours a day for six months, which is a considerable upgrade from the constant refills required by paraffin lantern, the developers said.

Earth-like exoplanet Kepler 452b discovered

Published on: 24-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 53 people agreed

In addition to Kepler 452b, the Kepler Mission also discovered 11 yet-to-be-confirmed candidate planets that appear to be small, rocky and potentially suitable for life.

Mosquirix, world's first malaria vaccine, approved by European Medicines Agency

Published on: 24-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 28 people agreed

The vaccine was approved on basis of trail data released showing reduction in episodes of malaria in babies aged 6-12 weeks by 27 percent, and by around 46 percent in children aged 5-17 months.

Soyuz rocket with 3 astronauts launched towards ISS

Published on: 23-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 10 people agreed

The spacecraft blasted off on schedule from Russia's Baikonur cosmodrome in the barren Kazakh steppe, carrying cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, NASA astronaut Kjell Lindgren and Kimiya Yui of Japan.

NDRI scientists developed technique to decrease cholesterol level in Ghee

Published on: 22-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 32 people agreed

Use of this technique will help to reduce the level of cholesterol in Ghee up to 85 to 90 percent. It also does not affect the taste and quality of the ghee.

Indigenous Visibility Measuring System, DRISHTI, installed at IGI Airport

Published on: 21-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 10 people agreed

The system will be used for reporting the runway visual range, which is a critical parameter for safe landing and take-off of aircraft in poor visibility conditions (<25 to >2000 meters).

India’s 1st indigenously designed and developed High Thrust cryogenic rocket engine tested

Published on: 21-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 21 people agreed

The engine will be used for powering the Cryogenic stage (C25), the upper stage of the next generation GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle of ISRO, capable of launching four tonne class satellites.

Scientists created mini heart on microchip with stem cells

Published on: 18-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 13 people agreed

It is hardly the width of a human hair and is expected to replace non-human animal models that are used in drug discovery and development process.

Scientist at Large Hadron Collider discovered the existence of subatomic particle Pentaquarks

Published on: 15-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 18 people agreed

Pentaquark is a sub-atomic particle composed of five-quarks (four quarks and an antiquark). These are not new particles but simply aggregation of quarks.

NASA’s New Horizons made closest approach to Pluto

Published on: 15-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 12 people agreed

The space probe made closest approach to Pluto when it flew 12600 km from the surface of the dwarf planet at an average speed of 49750 kph.

Union Civil Aviation Ministry launched GAGAN System

Published on: 13-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 20 people agreed

With this, India has become the fourth nation after the US, Europe and Japan to have inter-operable Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS).

ISRO successfully launched five British satellites into space

Published on: 11-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 35 people agreed

This was the heaviest commercial luggage carried by a PSLV rocket to date. It was also the biggest commercial launch of ANTRIX/ISRO.

India’s 1st Earthquake Warning System successfully installed in Uttarakhand

Published on: 10-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 56 people agreed

The system was designed and manufactured by Italian firm Space Dynamics which already installed this system in Japan, Italy and US.

Electronic Nose for environmental monitoring jointly developed by CSIR-NEERI & C-DAC

Published on: 09-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 16 people agreed

It uses an array of sensors that function on the principle similar to that of human olfaction to sniff out variety of volatile organic compounds.

Targetting protein PfPKG in P falciparum can help stop Malaria: Scientists

Published on: 08-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 10 people agreed

Scientists discovered that the protein plays a central role in regulating biochemical pathways in P falciparum parasite, the most virulent species of human malaria parasites.

Four World-Class Broadband Products developed by C-DOT launched under Digital India Programme

Published on: 07-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 21 people agreed

The four products viz., Long Distance Wi-Fi, Solar powered Wi-Fi, Suteerva and Next Generation Network (NGN) were launched as part of the Digital India Programme.

MIT Scientists developed a Quantum Dot Spectrometer small enough to function within a smartphone

Published on: 06-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 11 people agreed

QD spectrometer represents a new application for quantum dots, which have been used primarily for biological molecules and labeling cells, as well as in television screens and computers

NASA successfully flight tested Prandtl-d, prototype of first Mars airplane

Published on: 03-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 13 people agreed

Prandtl-d will undergo further flight tests in 2015 and 2016, results of which will be used in developing the Prandtl-m aircraft.

Scientists discovered importance of Interleukin-21 protein in fight against HIV-1 infection

Published on: 03-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 15 people agreed

It was discovered by scientists belonging to the Cornell Medical College in New York, USA.

First-ever possible treatments for MERS Virus identified with discovery of two antibodies

Published on: 01-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 15 people agreed

The two antibodies, REGN3051 and REGN3048, showed an ability to neutralize the virus.

30 June 2015 clocked one second longer with a leap second added to clocks worldwide

Published on: 01-JUL-2015
Important for Exam: 22 people agreed

In India, the leap second was added to atomic clocks after 05:29:59 by scientists at the Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory (TFSL), New Delhi.

ITU defined 5G network speed as 20 Gbps

Published on: 30-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 18 people agreed

It is 20 times faster than the 1Gbps specification for 4G.

Hilleman Laboratories developed affordable Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine

Published on: 30-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 7 people agreed

The new vaccine was also proved as 4 to 10 times more potent when compared to the existing licensed vaccines.

World's first flexible and skin-like display developed

Published on: 26-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 24 people agreed

It was developed by scientists led by Indian-American Debashis Chanda from University of Central Florida (UCF)

Scientists discovered a way to guide electric discharges using lasers

Published on: 24-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 12 people agreed

The finding has many potential applications including the ability to control the path of lightning.

Kerala’s Trinity College of Engineering launched student satellite TASSAT project

Published on: 24-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 7 people agreed

The satellite was named so because the funding for the ambitious initiative came from an Oman-based company called Al Adrak.

WHO’s IARC classified lindane, DDT, and 2,4-D as carcinogenic to humans

Published on: 24-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 5 people agreed

The decision was taken by a working group of 26 experts from 13 countries after evaluating carcinogenicity of the three agents.

Immunogen eOD-GT8 60mer can stimulate immune system to block HIV/AIDS infection in mice: Study

Published on: 22-JUN-2015
Important for Exam: 7 people agreed

The immunogen eOD-GT8 60mer, essentially a protein nanoparticle, has the potential to inform immunization strategies against AIDS for humans.

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