The National Mission for Clean Ganga on 10 August 2017 approved 10 projects worth more than Rs 2000 Cr. The projects would be carried out in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
Among the ten projects, eight relate to sewage infrastructure and treatment, one to river front development and one to Ganga Knowledge Centre. The projects were approved in the 5th meeting of the Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga.
Projects in Bihar
• The projects that were approved in Bihar include three major sewage infrastructure projects in Barh, Kankarbagh and Digha, the total cost of which is estimated to be Rs 1461 crore.
• The projects aim to create additional sewage treatment capacity of 161 MLD (100 MLD in Digha, 50 MLD in Kankarbagh and 11 MLD in Barh).
• There is presently no sewage treatment plant in the sewerage zones of Kankarbagh and Digha.
• The creation of 200 MLD sewage treatment capacities has already been sanctioned in the remaining four sewerage zones in Patna – Beur, Saidpur, Karmalichak and Pahari, under the Namami Gange programme.
West Bengal Projects
• In West Bengal, three projects have been approved with an estimated cost of Rs 495.47 Cr.
• Among them, two relate to sewage infrastructure and the third one pertains to river front development.
• Pollution abatement and rehabilitation works for river Ganga in Howrah and Tolly’s Nullah (popularly known as Adi Ganga), a tributary of Ganga in Kolkata have been approved with total estimated cost of Rs 492.34 Cr.
• The two sewage projects will help create additional sewage treatment capacity of 91 MLD in Kolkata
• Besides this, a detailed project report (DPR) for renovation of Boral ferry and Boral bathing ghats in Nabadwip town of West Bengal has also been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 3.13 crore that would include river bank protection work, construction of waiting rooms, stairs and seating arrangements.
Projects in Uttar Pradesh
• A project involving sewage infrastructure work in Chunar, located in Mirzapur district of UP, has been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 27.98 Cr.
• Under the project a sewage treatment plant of 2 MLD capacity will be created apart from interception and diversion of drains.
Other Key Details
The projects in Kankarbagh and Digha in Bihar and Howrah and Kolkata in West Bengal will be taken up under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model in which 60 per cent of capital cost will be paid to the contractor over a period of 15 years on the basis of his work performance on the achievement of desired norms of treated waste water.
A project to establish Ganga Monitoring Centres (GMCs) in five Ganga states has also been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 46.69 Cr.
The main objective behind establishing the centre is to efficiently monitor the cleanliness of the river including checking pollution levels, flow levels, point and non-point sources of pollution, periodic reporting of monitored parameters to NMCG/SPMG/District Ganga Committee, remedial actions by NMCG on its basis and collation of data sets.
Besides this, two pilot demonstrative projects for the treatment of drains using bioremediation method were approved. The technology will be put to use at Danapur drain in Patna and Nehru drain in Allahabad at a total estimated cost of Rs 1.63 crore.
The entire funding of the projects would be carried out by the Union Government.