The Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2012 was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 4 September 2013. The Upper House of the Parliament voted 131-10 in favour of the Bill. It is important to note that The Lok Sabha on 29 August 2013 passed the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011, also called the Land Acquisition Bill. The bill was passed by a majority of 216 votes out of 235 votes. 19 members voted against the bill.
The Union Government of India as well as opposition BJP agreed unanimously that farmers whose land was acquired for the irrigation projects should either get compensation or rehabilitation and resettlement (R&R) packages.
The Bill which was first introduced in the year 2011 was referred to the parliamentary standing panel as well as the group of ministers its proper scrutiny.
Aim of the Bill
The aim of the bill is providing fair compensation to people whose land has been taken away for setting up the buildings or factories. The aim of the bill is to bring in more transparency to the process of land acquisition, thereby bringing assurance of rehabilitation to the affected people.