Government of India Act, 1919 also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which came into force in 1921 . It was instituted in the British Indian polity to introduce the Diarchy, i.e., rule of two which means executive councilors and popular ministers.
Government of India Act of 1935 marked the second milestone towards a completely responsible government in India. It ended Diarchy and provided the establishment of All India Federation.
Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Monto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates ( Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore Lord Minto came to be known as "Father of Communal Electorate in India".
The Indian Council Act of 1892 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that empowered legislative councils in British India by increasing their size which laid the foundation of Parliamentary system in India and considered as the landmark in the constitutional development of India.
Indian Council Act of 1861was institutionalized to serve the necessities of cooperation of Indians in the administration of the country. The act restored the power of the Government and the composition of the Governor General’s council for executive & legislative Purposes.
Government of India Act, 1858 was passed to end the rule of company and transferred it to the British crown which was the outcome of 1857 revolt.The British Governor-General of India was given the title of viceroy who became the representative of the monarch.
Charter Act of 1853 was framed on the basis of reports made by the Select Committees of Enquiry in 1852.The Act for the first time introduced Local Representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council.
Charter Act of 1833 was the outcome of Industrial Revolution in England which envisages that Indian’s had to function as market for the English mass production on the basis of ‘Laissez Faire’. This act replaced the office of Governor-General of Bengal with the Governor-General of India.
Charter Act of 1813 asserted the Crown’s sovereignty over British India by defining the constitutional position of British in India. It also increases the realm of British merchants in private trading.
Charter Act, 1793 provisionalised the Company’s trade monopoly with India. The realm of Governance of Governor-General increased over the Governors of Bombay and Madras. The Supreme Court’s jurisdiction was increased to the high seas.
Pitt’s India Act of 1784 rectified the defects of Regulating Act of 1773 and to make the administration of the company’s Indian territories efficient and responsible. This act provided the supreme control over company’s affairs and its administration in India.
Regulating Act of 1773 was of great constitutional importance as it was the first step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of East India Company in India and also recognised the political and administrative functions of the Company for the first time.
Doctrine of lapse was the pro-imperialist approach to expand the realm of British Kingdom in India. It was introduced by Dalhousie.The Doctrine equipped with an idea to annex those states which have no heir, get lapsed the right of ruling and it will not reverted by adoption.
The Subsidiary Alliance System was “Non-Intervention Policy” used by Lord Wellesley who was the Governor-General (1798-1805) to establish British Empire in India. This system states that every ruler in India should accept to pay a subsidy to the British for the maintenance of British army and protection from their enemies.
The Battle of Buxar (1764) was the decisive battle which was fought between English Forces, and combined army of Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Oudh & Shah Alam II and Mughal Emperor. The battle was the outcome of misuse of Farman and Dastak, and also the trade expansionist aspiration of English.