Shivaji was the son of Shahji Bhosle and Jija Bai. He was brought up at Poona under the supervision of his mother and Brahmin Dadaji Konda-dev who made an expert soldier and an efficient administrator. His administration was largely influence by Deccan administrative practices. He appointed eight ministers who were called ‘Astapradhan’ who assists him in administrative helm of affairs.
Marathas were the most violent tribes in India who established a strong confederacy in Deccan region.Peshwas were the loyal ministers of Marathas state who were appointed to assist the king in different administrative as well as political affairs.
Shivaji’s considered as the founder and consolidator of the Maratha Empire but under Peshwas (the Prime Minister of the empire) expanded greatly. Mores, Ghatages, Nibalkars were most influential Maratha family.
The Maratha administration can be studied under three heads- Central Administration; Revenue Administration; and Military Administration. Maratha’s system of administration was largely borrowed from the administrative practices of the Deccan states.