Subcategories: Indian Economy
India has become the fastest growing economy of the world. The size of Indian economy is $US 4.99 trillion while china stands at $US13.39 trillion in terms of PPP. In this article we have compared these two super powers of the world with the help of authentic data.
A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an investment by foreign investors in the foreign based company. Mainly there are two types of FDI, one is Green Field Investment (a fresh company is established in a foreign country) and the other is Portfolio Investment (shares of a foreign company are purchased or ownership acquired in a foreign company).
ATM card is also known as Debit Card and it is used for online shopping, online bill payments etc .Without going bank we can withdraw money from ATM machine with the help of debit card. In this article we will see that 16 numbers on debit card carries a lot of information including the card issuer and many more.
National Highways Authority of India (NHAI; was set up in 1988) is responsible for development, maintenance and management of Highways in India. In India, the road network extends to 5,472,144 Kilometers out of which 97,991 Kilometers belongs to national highways. India has the second largest road network across the world.
The Union Budget of India, which is known also as the ‘Annual financial statement’ in the Article 112 of the Indian Constitution. The first Union budget of independent India was presented by R. K. Shanmukham Chetty on November 26, 1947. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and former finance minister Yashwant Sinha are the only two leaders who presented the Union Budget of India 5 times consecutively.
Economics is a very crucial subject for all the completive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/Banking etc. every completive exam ask some questions based on the terminology of economics. So to cater the objectives of the aspirants; Jagran josh is giving some important terms of economics.
White Revolution is associated with a sharp increase in the milk production. The White Revolution in India, also known as Operation Flood was launched in 1970s to make India self dependent in milk production. Dr Verghese Kurien is known as the father of The White Revolution in India. Currently India is the world’s largest milk producer.
An Overview of the GDP of a nation is crucial in understanding the economy of that nation. But, do you know how GDP is defined and how can it be an insight to the Economy of a nation? GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product which helps to calculate the aggregate production; hence it works as economic indicator as well.
India is famous for its unity in diversity that is why the policy makers of the country need to make plans for every citizens of the country. The same is also justified by the launch of programmes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna, SABLA, Kaushal Vikas Yojna, MGNREGA and Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna etc.
Tax is a mandatory liability for every citizen of the country. There are two types of tax in india i.e. direct and indirect. Taxation in India is rooted from the period of Manu Smriti and Arthasastra. Present Indian tax system is based on this ancient tax system which was based on the theory of maximum social welfare.
Different ministries of the government of India formulate various development schemes not to raise the profit but to maximise the welfare of the people. Some schemes like National Rural Livelihood Mission, MGNREGA, Bharat Nirman etc. are made by the government for rural development of India.
PM Modi announced a decisive war against black money and also corruption by demonetising notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 which will be no longer legal. So, let us have a look on the benefits of this scheme, how it will be beneficial and also some drawbacks.
PM Modi’s announcement regarding the ban on Rs 500 and 1000 Notes has come as surprise for all of us. But, this is not the first time that Indian government has taken such a bold step to tackle the menace of black money. We list down the earlier instance when the government has demonetized high-value currency.
Under Article 112 of the constitution, a statement of estimated receipts and expenditure, called the 'Annual Financial Statement'. The finance minister of India presents the annual budget every year in the parliament. There are so many terms used during the full budget presentation which are not known to many peoples. So we are explaining a bit about these terms for the convenience of general public and students.
A country found itself in debt trap when the expenditure of a country exceeds the revenue of that country year by year. After factual analysis we found that Japan is the most debt ridden country in the world followed by the Greece and Lebanon. Japan has debt of 229% of its GDP.
Every government launches various programmes to provide various kinds of facilities to its citizens. These programmes may be related to the field of education, health, electricity, employment and social upliftment of all the citizens. Examples of some programmes are: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) and Digital India Programme etc.
“Indian Economy” is one of the important parts of Exams like IAS, State PSC, SSC and other similar competitive exams. Here, we are giving a complete set of Indian Economy Questions & Answers in the form of Practice Sets that consists of 500+MCQs.
The Minister of Finance (or simply, finance minister) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India. The finance minister is responsible for the fiscal policy of the government. The Finance Minister presents the annual Union Budget (article 112) in Parliament. The first finance minister of independent India was R. K. Shanmukham Chetty, who also presented its first Budget.
The 20th century has established so many institutions/organisations in the area of economics, social and politics. Some institutions like World Bank, International Monetary Fund is made to deal with monetary issues, United Nations is made to deal with political issues and European Union is made to deal with social and commercial issues.
In banking sector, there are 3 types of banks i.e. Public sector Banks, Private sector Banks and Foreign sector banks. In private sector Banks; the Banks are owned through either an individual or with limited partners and these types of banks are not incorporated. HDFC (Housing and Development Finance Corporation) is the biggest bank of India in terms of market capitalization followed by axis bank and ICICI Bank.
Stock exchanges are the place where investors buy and sell the shares in the companies. As of now there are 23 SEBI approved stock exchanges in the country. Stock market is managed and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
A commodities exchange is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives products are traded. Most commodity markets across the world trade in agricultural products and contracts based on them. These contracts can include spot prices, forwards, futures and options on futures.
It is known to everyone that agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. It provides direct employment to 53% population of the country. Currently it is contributing 14% of Indian GDP. In this article we provided the status of Indian states in terms of different crops produced by them.
The latest report on the state per capita income released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation on 20 Aug 2015, says that Goa has highest state per capita income followed by Delhi and Sikkim respectively. While Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Assam, and Jharkhand are top 5 poorest states in terms of NSDP per capita.
To provide better life to rural peoples the Govt. of India launched a programme called "Bharat Nirman" on December 16, 2005. This scheme will focus on six areas i.e. Bijli, Pani Sadak, Irrigation,Telecommunication and housing in rural areas of the country.
Suresh Tendulkar panel (in 2011-12) said that those who spend Rs. 27 in rural areas and Rs. 33 in urban areas are not poor. While an expert panel headed by former RBI governor C. Rangarajan said in a report submitted to the BJP government in July, 2014 that those spending over Rs 32 a day in rural areas and Rs 47 in towns and cities should not be considered poor.
There are so many financial companies established in India to absorb the saving of household sector. Government mobilizes this small saving in the economy through these financial institutions. These major and small institutions play the same role in the economy as the blood in the human body. Some examples of these financial institutions are RBI, SEBI, IDBI, EXIM Bank and Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC).
Speaking at the Indian Banks’ Association’s annual general meeting, Arun Jaitley said that “The government is looking to reduce its stake in State-run banks to 52 per cent to make them more professional and independent.” At present, the government owns over 59 per cent stake in State Bank of India, the country’s largest public sector lender, 81.5 per cent in Central Bank of India, 71.7per cent in IDBI Bank.
Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited (SPMCIL) is a Miniratna Category-I CPSE, and wholly owned Schedule ‘A’ Company of Government of India, is engaged in the manufacturing of security papers, minting of coins, printing of bank notes, non-judicial stamp papers, postage stamps and travel documents, etc.
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Bill 2005 (which was presented in the parliament on May 12, 2005) has been approved by the president and thus become an act. This act is named as ‘The Small And Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006’. This act became effective from Oct. 2006.