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Environmental Issues in 2009

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Water Problem: Real or Imaginary

Dec 13, 2010

It may sound strange to anybody that Madgascar’s president was overthrown due to water crisis in South Korea. But this is absolutely true. A South Korean business house, Daewoo, inked a deal with Madgascar to lease on this country’s half the arable land to grow grain for South Korean as this peninsular country is suffering from water crisis to meet its demand of evergrowing food supplies.

Global warming

Dec 13, 2010

Global warming is the increase in the average tempreture of the Earth’s near surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. Global tempreture increased 0.74 plus or minus 0.18o celsius during the last century.

Treaty to control Mercury

Dec 11, 2010

At the 25th session of the  Governing Council of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, over 120 countries agreed to have legally binding measures to control the pollution by mercury, a neurotoxin. Formal negotiations for the treaty will begin in 2010.

 

The Dead sea may be dead

Dec 11, 2010

The Dead Sea is a salt lake which is situated between Israel, Jordan and the Palestine territory of West Bank. It is lowest
point on earth, some 420.8 mts. below sea level.

Phytoplankton and ocean plant health

Dec 11, 2010

Phytoplankton are microscopic plant like organisms that live in the ocean. Phytoplankton are found in oceans in abundance throughout the world and they are the foundation of the marine food chain.

Maldives to become first Zero-carbon nation

Dec 11, 2010

In an unique step, Maldives has decided to give up fossil fuels completely and switch to renewable energy to become first zero-carbon nation in theglobe.

Kyoto Protocol: An effort towards emission cut

Dec 11, 2010

The Kyoto Protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change aimed at combating global  warming.The Protocol was initially adopted on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan and entered into force on 16 February 2005. As of Nov 2009, 187 countries have signed and ratified the protocol.

Key coral reefs could disappear

Dec 11, 2010

The world’s most important being wiped out by end of this century unless fast action is taken, according to a new report. The international conservation group WWF warns that 40% of reefs in the Coral Triangle have already been lost.

Intergovernmental Panel report on Climate Change

Dec 11, 2010

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of  climate change caused by human activity.

India and Climate Change

Dec 11, 2010

India signed and ratified the protocol in August, 2002. Since India is exempted from the framework of the treaty, it is expected to gain from the protocol in terms of transfer of technology and related foreign investments.

Genetically Modified

Dec 11, 2010

The term GM foods is most commonly used to refer to crop plants created for human or animal consumption using the latest molecular biology techniques.

Emissions trading

Dec 11, 2010

Kyoto provides for a ‘cap and trade’ system which imposes national caps on the emissions of annex I countries. Although these caps are national-level commitments, in practice, most countries are required to devolve their emissions targets to individual industrial entities, such as a power plant.

Environmental Issues

Dec 11, 2010

The 2009 United Nations Climate Conference, commonly named as the Copenhagen Summit, was held in Copenhagen, Denmark from 7-18 December.

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