Corals are a kind of calcareous rock, chiefly made of the skeletons of minute sea organisms called 'polyps'. Coral reefs and atolls are formed due to the accumulation and compaction of the skeletons of these lime secreting organisms. They are the most diverse ecosystems on the planet and also considered the medicine cabinets of the 21st century because several medicines are developed to treat cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, viruses, and other diseases.
The Vijaynagar Empire was founded by Harihara and Bukka in AD 1336 and made Hastinavati (Hampi) as the capital city. They ruled over Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Kerala in southern India. Here, we are giving the gist of the cultural history of Vijaynagar Empire that will refine the knowledge about how architecture, art, music and literature developed under this kingdom.
The Janapadas and Mahajanapadas represent the state system of 600BC. The processes of emergence of Mahajanpadas were initiated by certain important economic changes and the consequent socio-political developments witnessed during the period. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas for better understanding of the ancient ruling style and monarchical condition.
The Tughlaqs were a Muslim family of Turkic origin. The dynasty reached its zenith point between AD 1330 and 1335 when Muhammad Bin Tughlaq led military campaign. Its rule was marked by torture, cruelty and rebellions, resulting in the rapid disintegration of the dynasty's territorial reach after 1335 AD. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Delhi Sultanate under Tughlaq Dynasty, which can be used by aspirants of any competitive exams.
The establishment of Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. When he died in AD 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three generals- Qutub-ud-din Aibek (Commander of his army), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind) and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held). Here, we are giving a timeline of Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate.
India is the land World's first urban civilization and it witnessing the fusion of several customs and traditions, which are reflective of the rich culture and heritage of the Country. There are a lot of significant contributions that India has made to the world in the field of art, science, mathematics and so on. Here, we are giving 10 amazing Ancient Discoveries and Inventions that has changed the Modern World.
The Khiljis served under the Ilbari dynasty of Delhi. Malik Firuz was the founder of the Khilji Dynasty who was originally the Ariz-I-Mumalik appointed by Kaiqubad during the days of the decline of the Ilbari Dynasty. He took advantage of the political vacuum and ascended the throne of Delhi as Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khilji.
The Lodhi Dynasty under the Delhi Sultanate was the first Afghan Pashtun Dynasty in India who ruled from AD 1451 to 1526.This dynasty replaced the Sayyid Dynasty and it was a period of reforms in administration, strengthening the army, gearing up the machinery of land revenue administration, expansion and improvement of the cultivation and welfare of the people. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Lodhi Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
Currently, Indian society moving towards reformation whether it is social or religious matter. Triple Talaq is one of the current burning topics which are on the way of reformation. Here, we are giving the name of major Islamic countries where Triple Talaq is banned as per Current GK perspective.
India is a land of world's oldest and urban civilization i.e. Indus Valley Civilization. Hence, from ancient to modern India, Indian Society transform and synthesises various cults, customs, rituals and sects. Many of these cults and customs have had religious and social basis. These cults and customs are spread in different regions and religions. Here, we are giving 10 unknown traditions of Modern India.
The architecture of the Sultanate Period manifested the aesthetic heritage of new sultans which include both religious and secular structures i.e. Indo-Islamic architecture. For Example- The dome is the prominent feature of the mosque in contrast to the Sikhar of Hindu temples. Here, we are giving an account of the architectural landmarks of the Sultanate period in which we have covered the name of builder, location and the characteristics of architecture.
The Sultans of Delhi Sultanate were a perfect autocrat and their real source of authority was military strength. They were commander of forces, chief lawgiver and the final of the court of appeal. Here, we are giving a complete summary of the Military reforms under the Delhi Sultanate for the aspirants of different competitive exams.
The Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate was the first Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate and the various historians designated as the Slave Dynasty or the Mameluq Dynasty or the Ilbari Dynasty. Here, we are giving a complete Summary on the Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive examinations.
It has been observed that in the various competitive examinations, questions based on political science are always asked, keeping in view the need of these contestants, we have prepared a quiz of 10 questions based on the 'characteristics of Indian Constitution'. These questions are expected to be useful to the competitors.
Mauryan rule marks an important phase in our cultural history. Mainly in the period of Ashoka, the art and architecture was at its zenith and fall within the category of court art. Ashoka embraced Buddhism and the immense Buddhist missionary activities that followed encouraged the development of distinct sculptural and architectural styles. Let us find out various art and architecture of Mauryan period which had connected to the lives, activities and patronage of ordinary people.
The Sultanate period was militaristic and aristocratic, and moreover the real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. The rulers of Delhi Sultanate knew the importance of agriculture and open to promote through technological assistance because food grain was the most important item of internal trade while they exported slaves, indigo, opium, spices and cotton goods. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period, which is very useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.
The Sultans of India are perfectly autocrat unchecked by any restrictions and his word was law. The real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. Various musicians and author stayed in the Sultans court who had written various books in which they have described about their administration, works, reforms, organisations, etc
Latest Researches in new technological fields may result from the technological convergence of different systems evolving towards a similar goal and has many effects. General Questions and Answers on Latest Researches not only give you an idea of various technological developments that took place near your surroundings but also help in the preparation of examinations and also built your knowledge.
Volcano is a landform at the end of a conduit or pipe which rises from below the crust and vents to the surface. Magma rises and collects in the magma chamber deep below, resulting in eruptions that are effusive or explosive forming the mountain landform. The volcanic eruptions are closely associated with sea-floor spreading, plate-tectonics and mountain building process. Here, we are giving the list of World’s Major Active Volcanoes of the World which can be used for academic purpose as well as preparing for competitive exams.
Art and architecture which was a combination of Arabic and Indian styles that took a new direction in the Delhi Sultanate period. It witnesses the evolution and development of Indo-Islamic Architecture by synthesising geometrical shapes, calligraphy, inscriptional art etc. This Indo-Islamic architecture manifested the aesthetic heritage of the new sultans that includes both religious and secular structures.
Modern-day Technology is an advancement of old technology and the impact of this technology in modern life is immeasurable. It simplifies life in so many ways like in the form of electronic devices, etc. This article consists of Question and Answers on Modern-day technology which not only enhance your knowledge, but also help in the preparation of exams.
Green Muffler is a technique of reducing noise pollution by planting 4-6 rows around the populated areas or noisy places. Let us find out what is Green Muffler Scheme, why trees are known as buffers, how trees help in reducing noise pollution.
Discovery is finding something meaningful that was not of knowledge before. This article deals with various discoveries which is like a new increment to knowledge help in the advancement of mankind like production of crop, medical applications etc.
The interceptor missile is an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) which is a surface-to-air missile designed to counter ballistic missiles like intermediate range and intercontinental ballistic missiles launched from any country. It is used to deliver nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional warheads in a ballistic flight trajectory. How interceptor missile works and how it is useful is discussed in this article.
National Science Day is celebrated all over India on 28 February to mark the discovery of the phenomenon of Raman Effect by CV Raman in 1928 and for his remarkable discovery in 1930 he got Nobel Prize which was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. This article deals with why National Science Day is celebrated, how it is celebrated, when it is celebrated, its objectives behind the celebration etc.
India has become the fastest growing economy of the world. The size of Indian economy is $US 4.99 trillion while china stands at $US13.39 trillion in terms of PPP. In this article we have compared these two super powers of the world with the help of authentic data.
Mahmud was the son of Subuktigin and his policy of conquest brought him in India just like his father who had extended his kingdom beyond the Indus after a reign of 20 years. He was a brilliant general and a mighty conqueror. He led as many as 17 expeditions into India during the years 1000-1206. Out of these the one against the temple of Somnath in 1025 AD was the most important as it gave Mahmud a vast treasure.
In order to maintain a legal system in a huge country like India, the constitution had laid down the foundation of system of Law. As against Indian army and other paramilitary forces, our police force is mainly responsible for maintaining internal peace and security of the country. In this article, we have provided all the information related to FIR and have tried to clear up various suspicions in order to provide guidance to the people.
Till now ISRO has launched maximum 20 satellites at one go; it was PSLV-C34 on June 22, 2016. But now ISRO is going to create a history by launching 104 satellites on board, a flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on 15 February 2017 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. Let us find out how this is possible and what all satellites are going to be launched by ISRO.
The symbolic gestures (Mudras) through iconography of Buddha image to evoke particular ideas during Buddhist meditation or rituals. In Indian sculptural art, images are the symbolic representations of divinity whose origin and end is expressed through the religious and spiritual beliefs.