India is famous for its unity in diversity that is why the policy makers of the country need to make plans for every citizens of the country. The same is also justified by the launch of programmes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojna, SABLA, Kaushal Vikas Yojna, MGNREGA and Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna etc.
Different ministries of the government of India formulate various development schemes not to raise the profit but to maximise the welfare of the people. Some schemes like National Rural Livelihood Mission, MGNREGA, Bharat Nirman etc. are made by the government for rural development of India.
Every government launches various programmes to provide various kinds of facilities to its citizens. These programmes may be related to the field of education, health, electricity, employment and social upliftment of all the citizens. Examples of some programmes are: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) and Digital India Programme etc.
To provide better life to rural peoples the Govt. of India launched a programme called "Bharat Nirman" on December 16, 2005. This scheme will focus on six areas i.e. Bijli, Pani Sadak, Irrigation,Telecommunication and housing in rural areas of the country.
As per the estimation by the Ranjrajan Panel, the number of Below Poverty Line (BPL) declined to 21.9% of the population in 2011-12 from 29.8% in 2009-10 and 37.2% in 2004-05.
Government of India launched several programmes for poverty alleviation, employment generation, and better health and education facilities. some programmes are: Antyodaya Anna Yojna, National Gramin Awaas Mission (formerly Indira awas yojna), Bharat Nirman, etc.
An expert panel headed by former RBI governor C Rangarajan, those spending over Rs. 32 a day in rural areas and Rs. 47 in towns and cities should not be considered poor. Currently 21.9% population of India is under BPL.
The bill (passed in 2013) proposed to provide 7 kg. of food grains per person per month belonging to priority households at prices not exceeding Rs. 3 per kg of rice, Rs. 2 per kg of wheat, and Rs. 1 per kg of coarse grains.