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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Architectural Landmarks of the Sultanate Period: A Detailed Account

3 days ago

The architecture of the Sultanate Period manifested the aesthetic heritage of new sultans which include both religious and secular structures i.e. Indo-Islamic architecture. For Example- The dome is the prominent feature of the mosque in contrast to the Sikhar of Hindu temples. Here, we are giving an account of the architectural landmarks of the Sultanate period in which we have covered the name of builder, location and the characteristics of architecture.

Summary on the Military reforms under Delhi Sultanate

Mar 24, 2017

The Sultans of Delhi Sultanate were a perfect autocrat and their real source of authority was military strength. They were commander of forces, chief lawgiver and the final of the court of appeal. Here, we are giving a complete summary of the Military reforms under the Delhi Sultanate for the aspirants of different competitive exams.

Summary on Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate

Mar 24, 2017

The Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate was the first Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate and the various historians designated as the Slave Dynasty or the Mameluq Dynasty or the Ilbari Dynasty. Here, we are giving a complete Summary on the Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive examinations.

List of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period

Mar 20, 2017

The Sultanate period was militaristic and aristocratic, and moreover the real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. The rulers of Delhi Sultanate knew the importance of agriculture and open to promote through technological assistance because food grain was the most important item of internal trade while they exported slaves, indigo, opium, spices and cotton goods. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period, which is very useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.

Architectural Development during Delhi Sultanate Era

Mar 17, 2017

Art and architecture which was a combination of Arabic and Indian styles that took a new direction in the Delhi Sultanate period. It witnesses the evolution and development of Indo-Islamic Architecture by synthesising geometrical shapes, calligraphy, inscriptional art etc. This Indo-Islamic architecture manifested the aesthetic heritage of the new sultans that includes both religious and secular structures.

Campaigns of Mahmud of Ghazni in India: A Complete Overview

Feb 20, 2017

Mahmud was the son of Subuktigin and his policy of conquest brought him in India just like his father who had extended his kingdom beyond the Indus after a reign of 20 years. He was a brilliant general and a mighty conqueror. He led as many as 17 expeditions into India during the years 1000-1206. Out of these the one against the temple of Somnath in 1025 AD was the most important as it gave Mahmud a vast treasure.

List of Important Places Associated with Chola Administration

Feb 20, 2017

The emergence of the Chola power from obscurity, its rise to an important position and its conflicts, first with the Rashtrakutas from beyond the Tungabhadra and later with their successor, the Chalukyas of Kalyani, form the dominant features of the history of South India in the period 850 AD- 1200 AD. Here, we are giving the brief outline of the places which are associated with the Chola Administration.

Ghazi Attack of 1971: Untold Story of India-Pakistan Naval War

Feb 17, 2017

The PNS Ghazi was the naval submarine, which was used in the naval battle of India-Pakistan Naval War of 1971 during the Bangladesh liberation war and hence popularly known as "Ghazi Attack". It was deployed in East-Pakistan ashore (which is now in Bangladesh east coast) to locate INS Vikrant and to destroy the Indian Eastern Command base of Visakhapatnam.

Buddhist Mudras, Hand Gestures and Meaning

Feb 8, 2017

The symbolic gestures (Mudras) through iconography of Buddha image to evoke particular ideas during Buddhist meditation or rituals. In Indian sculptural art, images are the symbolic representations of divinity whose origin and end is expressed through the religious and spiritual beliefs.

List of Important Rajput Kingdoms, Capital and Founder

Feb 6, 2017

The emergence of Rajputs was the outcomes of the death of Harshavardhana and the breakup of Pratihara Empire. They dominated the Indian political scene nearly 500 years from the 7th century. They belong to the patrilineal clans of the Indian subcontinent. They rule over Rajasthan, Saurashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar as warriors, entrepreneurs, and zamindar (land owners).

Medieval History of Bihar

Dec 8, 2016

Medieval History of Bihar is commemorated with the foreign invasion and dynasty that ruined the glory Bihar. Bihar was ruled directly or indirectly by Slave Dynasty, Khilji Dynasty, Tughlaq Dynasty, Noohani Dynasty, Cher Dynasty, Bhojpur’s Ujjaini Dynasty, Sur Dynasty and Mughal Dynasty.

List of the famous personalities of Bihar

Dec 6, 2016

Bihar is a land of many extraordinary people whose work and contributions have strongly influenced the course of events of the history of Bihar. Nationalist, writers, poets, artists, musicians, theatre artist, all have their fair share of contribution to the land. Here, we are briefly outline the major contribution of some great personalities which will help the aspirants who are preparing for the State PSC Examinations like BPSC.

Summary on Buddhism: Teaching of Buddha | Buddhist Council |Causes of Decline

Nov 23, 2016

Buddhism was atheistic in nature and accompanied by cosmic rise and fall. It never questioned on the existence of God but they believe that there is nothing like supernatural of different form man except in their greater happiness and power. Here, we are sharing summary of Buddhism that will help the aspirant to learn- what is Buddhism, teaching of Buddha, how it spread and its contribution on the Indian culture.

Summary on Jainism: Teaching of Mahavira | Spread of Jainism

Nov 23, 2016

Jainism made tremendous impact on the orthodox religious practices through heterodox sects. It advocated the interests of the people in a simple, short and intelligible way of salvation. Here, we are sharing the summary on Jainism along with the teaching of Mahavira and how it spread that will be very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

Summary of the Vedic Age: Polity | Society | Position of Women

Nov 18, 2016

Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, Atharvaveda, the Brahamanas, the Aranyakas, Upanishads and Vedangas are most important sources of knowledge about Aryans and Vedic period. Here, we are giving the “Summary of the Vedic Age: Polity | Society | Position of Women” which is very useful for the aspirants who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age

Nov 11, 2016

Sangam Age was started from 3rd century to 4th century BC and it is called Sangam because age was referred to the Sangam academies of poets and scholars. Here, we are sharing the summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

List of Rig Vedic Gods & Goddesses

Nov 11, 2016

The Vedic People personified the natural forces and looked upon them as living beings to which they gave human or animal attributes. Here, we are giving the list of Rig Vedic Gods & Goddesses which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

5 Scientists from Ancient India

Nov 3, 2016

You will be surprised to know that a lot of scientific knowledge was evolved in ancient India, so many years ago. During this period Science and Mathematics were highly developed and Ancient Indians had contributed immensely. Ayurveda is the indigenous system of medicine that was developed in Ancient Period. Even the science of Yoga was also developed as an allied science of Ayurveda. In this article we will see the contributions of some scientists of ancient India.

Summary on the Rise and Growth of Magadha Empire

Oct 19, 2016

The Magadha Empire came into existence when the four Mahajanpada- Magadha, Kosala, Vatsa and Avanti engaged in the struggle for the supremacy from the 6th Century BC to 4th Century BC. Ultimately, Magadha emerged as the most powerful and prosperous kingdom in the North India. Here, we are giving the summary on the Rise and Growth of Magadha Empire for the quick revision that helps the aspirants in the preparation of the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of the Buddhist Councils| Venue, Patronage and Outcome

Oct 19, 2016

The Philosophy of Buddhism is to avoid the extremes of life, whether it is addiction to worldly pleasure of a life of painful asceticism and self-mortification. Here, we are giving the list of the Buddhist Councils as a quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of Jain Trithankaras| Symbols and Disciple

Oct 17, 2016

Rishabha, who was the father of first Chakravarti King Bharata, founded the Jainism. All the trithakaras were belongs to Kshatriyas clan and Royal Family.  Jainism became major religion under 24th trithankar Vardhaman Mahavir. Here, we are giving the list of Jain Trithankaras as a quick revision capsule which is very useful while preparing the examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

Summary on the Stone Age India

Oct 17, 2016

The Stone Age is defined as the age when the pre-historic man began to use stones for utilitarian purpose. It is divided into three part- Palaeolithic Age or Old Stone Age, Mesolithic Age or Middle Stone Age and Neolithic Age or New Stone Age. Here, we are giving the summary on the Stone Age India as a quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of Era’s in the Indian History & Time Line of Ancient Indian History

Oct 17, 2016

History is the whole series of past events connected with a particular person or thing. It also includes the contribution as well as the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent. Here, we are giving the list of Era’s in the Indian History & Time Line of Ancient Indian History as a quick revision capsule which is very useful while preparing the examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

Do you know that a retired UP Postmaster is building a Taj Mahal for his ‘Mumtaz’

Oct 17, 2016

As we all know that 350 years ago Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. Similarly, Faizul Hasan Qadri a retired 80 years old post master from Kaser Kalan village around 50 km from Bulandshahr distt, Western Uttar Pradesh is building a replica of the heritage in memory of his late ‘Begum’ as ‘mini Taj’.

List of the Mesolithic and Neolithic Sites in India

Oct 14, 2016

The Mesolithic is characterised by microlithics or small pointed and shar stone tools whereas the Neolithic is characterised by the use of polished stone tools and the beginning of agriculture. Here, we are giving the list of the Mesolithic and Neolithic Sites in India in India as quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of the Upper, Middle & Lower Palaeolithic Sites in India

Oct 14, 2016

The Palaeolithic Age in India is divided into three phases - Upper, Middle & Lower. It was the first part of the Stone Age. During this period, man relied on hunting and had no knowledge of cultivation and house building. Here, we are giving the list of the Upper, Middle & Lower Palaeolithic Sites in India as quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of the Important Republics during Sixth Century India

Oct 7, 2016

The Gupta Dynasty came into power in 275 AD. Their origin is obscure. The first two kings of this dynasty- Srigupta and Gatotkacha were satisfied with the title of Maharaja. Here, we are sharing the name of titles adopted by the Gupta Kings as revision capsule in list-form which will be very helpful to those who are preparing for Government jobs.

List of the Titles adopted by Gupta Kings

Oct 7, 2016

The Gupta Dynasty came into power in 275 AD. Their origin is obscure. The first two kings of this dynasty- Srigupta and Gatotkacha were satisfied with the title of Maharaja. Here, we are sharing the name of titles adopted by the Gupta Kings as revision capsule in list-form which will be very helpful to those who are preparing for Government jobs.

Sufi Movement in India: A Detailed Summary

Oct 6, 2016

The term Sufi derived from Arabic word Safa which has two distinct meaning - One who wear woollen clothes; and Symbolises purity and sacredness. The Sufi Mysticism is associated with the liberal interpretation of Quran called Tarikat. Shariat is the conservative interpretation of Quran. It is believes that Haq (God) and Khalaq (Soul) are the same.

List of Taxes levied during Gupta Period

Oct 5, 2016

Ancient Indian made immense contributions in Science and Technology. Here, we are giving the summary of the important facts related to the Ancient Indian contribution in Science & Technology which will helps the aspirants in the preparation of the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

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