Mathematics is a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement. The Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji are classical Indian mathematician whose contribution made immortal. Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution.
After the death of King harsh, the new ruling class emerges in the Indian Subcontinent i.e., Rajput. The myriads of Rajput dynasties carved a new dimension to the politics of the Indian subcontinent. Here, we are giving a complete overview of the political condition of the Rajputs, which will help the readers to their general knowledge about this warrior clan of early medieval India.
The Indian Sub-continent is one of the earliest civilisations in the World that made dream destination for the travellers and scholars. Here, we are giving the list of Foreign Travellers who came to India in Medieval Period that will be very beneficial for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive examinations.
Alberuni was a renowned philosopher, a mathematician and a historian. He came in contact with Mahmud when he had invaded Khiva and he was presented before him as prisoner. In his book Tahqiq-i-Hind in which he portrays the social, political, religious and economic condition of the then India. Here, we are giving the Alberuni’s description of India to understand the socio-political-economical situation of that era.
The Quit India Movement was launched by MK Gandhi after Cripps departure, for British withdrawal and a non-violent non-cooperation movement against any Japanese invasion which was popularly known as ‘Quit India Movement’. Here, we are giving the list of Personalities Associated with Quit India Movement during British India, which helps the readers to enhance their knowledge about India’s freedom fighters.
The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi when British Government not given positive response on Gandhi’s eleven demands. Hence, Mahatma Gandhi had decided to make salt the central formula for Civil Disobedience Movement. This movement was injected with the ideology of disobeying laws, demands and commands of the Government. Here, we are giving the list personalities who were associated with Civil Disobedience movement of British India.
The Non-Cooperation Movement was launched in August, 1920 by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It was first nationwide mass movement that was launched to resist British rule in India through non-violent means. Here, we are giving the list of personalities associated with Non-Cooperation Movement for enhancing the knowledge about the personalities who shaped the Indian independence movement from British rule.
The Swadeshi movement united the dispersed leadership of India, which awakened the entire section of society such as Women, students and a large section of the urban and rural population in the active politics for the first time. Here, we are giving the list of personalities associated with the Swadeshi Movement of British India for general awareness about the personalities who shape the true nature of India’s Freedom Struggle.
The Babri Masjid- Ram Janmabhumi Disputes has proven to be sources of religious and political conflicts. The main issues is moving around possession of site because groups of Hindu organisation claim that Mosque was built after demolishing the temple and also the site to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity i.e. Rama whereas Muslim claims that the Mosque was never built after the demolition but with the help of the ruins of temples. Here, we are giving a complete timeline of Babri Masjid - Ram Janmabhoomi Dispute Case to understand the issue, how and why the issues remain unsolved.
The dawn of the 19th century witnessed the birth of new vision- a modern vision among some enlightened sections of the Indian society. This enlightened vision was to shape the course of events for decades to come and even beyond. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Socio-Religious Reform Movements and Reformers in India that will enhance the knowledge of readers to understand, how Indian Society transformed after reform movements.
The rise of Vijayanagar Empire was accompanied by the decline of Delhi Sultanate. The empire was ruled by four dynasties. I.e. Sangama dynasty, Saluva dynasty, Tuluva dynasty, and Aravidu dynasty. The rulers of Vijayanagar Empire devoted themselves to the growth of agriculture, and built cities and capitals with magnificent buildings. The different aspects of Society and Economy under Vijaynagara Empire are contained in narratives of foreign travellers, inscriptions, and literature.
The Vijaynagar Empire was founded by Harihara and Bukka in AD 1336 and made Hastinavati (Hampi) as the capital city. They ruled over Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Kerala in southern India. Here, we are giving the gist of the cultural history of Vijaynagar Empire that will refine the knowledge about how architecture, art, music and literature developed under this kingdom.
The Janapadas and Mahajanapadas represent the state system of 600BC. The processes of emergence of Mahajanpadas were initiated by certain important economic changes and the consequent socio-political developments witnessed during the period. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas for better understanding of the ancient ruling style and monarchical condition.
The Tughlaqs were a Muslim family of Turkic origin. The dynasty reached its zenith point between AD 1330 and 1335 when Muhammad Bin Tughlaq led military campaign. Its rule was marked by torture, cruelty and rebellions, resulting in the rapid disintegration of the dynasty's territorial reach after 1335 AD. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Delhi Sultanate under Tughlaq Dynasty, which can be used by aspirants of any competitive exams.
The establishment of Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. When he died in AD 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three generals- Qutub-ud-din Aibek (Commander of his army), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind) and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held). Here, we are giving a timeline of Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate.
India is the land World's first urban civilization and it witnessing the fusion of several customs and traditions, which are reflective of the rich culture and heritage of the Country. There are a lot of significant contributions that India has made to the world in the field of art, science, mathematics and so on. Here, we are giving 10 amazing Ancient Discoveries and Inventions that has changed the Modern World.
The Khiljis served under the Ilbari dynasty of Delhi. Malik Firuz was the founder of the Khilji Dynasty who was originally the Ariz-I-Mumalik appointed by Kaiqubad during the days of the decline of the Ilbari Dynasty. He took advantage of the political vacuum and ascended the throne of Delhi as Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khilji.
The Lodhi Dynasty under the Delhi Sultanate was the first Afghan Pashtun Dynasty in India who ruled from AD 1451 to 1526.This dynasty replaced the Sayyid Dynasty and it was a period of reforms in administration, strengthening the army, gearing up the machinery of land revenue administration, expansion and improvement of the cultivation and welfare of the people. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Lodhi Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The Sayyid Dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan, who was the governor of Multan and Timur's deputy in India. This dynasty ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 AD by four rulers- Khizr Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah. Here, we are giving a complete detailed summary on the Sayyid Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The architecture of the Sultanate Period manifested the aesthetic heritage of new sultans which include both religious and secular structures i.e. Indo-Islamic architecture. For Example- The dome is the prominent feature of the mosque in contrast to the Sikhar of Hindu temples. Here, we are giving an account of the architectural landmarks of the Sultanate period in which we have covered the name of builder, location and the characteristics of architecture.
The Sultans of Delhi Sultanate were a perfect autocrat and their real source of authority was military strength. They were commander of forces, chief lawgiver and the final of the court of appeal. Here, we are giving a complete summary of the Military reforms under the Delhi Sultanate for the aspirants of different competitive exams.
The Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate was the first Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate and the various historians designated as the Slave Dynasty or the Mameluq Dynasty or the Ilbari Dynasty. Here, we are giving a complete Summary on the Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive examinations.
The Sultanate period was militaristic and aristocratic, and moreover the real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. The rulers of Delhi Sultanate knew the importance of agriculture and open to promote through technological assistance because food grain was the most important item of internal trade while they exported slaves, indigo, opium, spices and cotton goods. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period, which is very useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.
Art and architecture which was a combination of Arabic and Indian styles that took a new direction in the Delhi Sultanate period. It witnesses the evolution and development of Indo-Islamic Architecture by synthesising geometrical shapes, calligraphy, inscriptional art etc. This Indo-Islamic architecture manifested the aesthetic heritage of the new sultans that includes both religious and secular structures.
Mahmud was the son of Subuktigin and his policy of conquest brought him in India just like his father who had extended his kingdom beyond the Indus after a reign of 20 years. He was a brilliant general and a mighty conqueror. He led as many as 17 expeditions into India during the years 1000-1206. Out of these the one against the temple of Somnath in 1025 AD was the most important as it gave Mahmud a vast treasure.
The emergence of the Chola power from obscurity, its rise to an important position and its conflicts, first with the Rashtrakutas from beyond the Tungabhadra and later with their successor, the Chalukyas of Kalyani, form the dominant features of the history of South India in the period 850 AD- 1200 AD. Here, we are giving the brief outline of the places which are associated with the Chola Administration.
The PNS Ghazi was the naval submarine, which was used in the naval battle of India-Pakistan Naval War of 1971 during the Bangladesh liberation war and hence popularly known as "Ghazi Attack". It was deployed in East-Pakistan ashore (which is now in Bangladesh east coast) to locate INS Vikrant and to destroy the Indian Eastern Command base of Visakhapatnam.
The symbolic gestures (Mudras) through iconography of Buddha image to evoke particular ideas during Buddhist meditation or rituals. In Indian sculptural art, images are the symbolic representations of divinity whose origin and end is expressed through the religious and spiritual beliefs.
The emergence of Rajputs was the outcomes of the death of Harshavardhana and the breakup of Pratihara Empire. They dominated the Indian political scene nearly 500 years from the 7th century. They belong to the patrilineal clans of the Indian subcontinent. They rule over Rajasthan, Saurashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar as warriors, entrepreneurs, and zamindar (land owners).
Medieval History of Bihar is commemorated with the foreign invasion and dynasty that ruined the glory Bihar. Bihar was ruled directly or indirectly by Slave Dynasty, Khilji Dynasty, Tughlaq Dynasty, Noohani Dynasty, Cher Dynasty, Bhojpur’s Ujjaini Dynasty, Sur Dynasty and Mughal Dynasty.