|Population Density of India|
|Rani ki vav (The Queen's Stepwell)|
|Hill Forts of Rajasthan|
Medieval History of Bihar is commemorated with the foreign invasion and dynasty that ruined the glory Bihar. Bihar was ruled directly or indirectly by Slave Dynasty, Khilji Dynasty, Tughlaq Dynasty, Noohani Dynasty, Cher Dynasty, Bhojpur’s Ujjaini Dynasty, Sur Dynasty and Mughal Dynasty.
Bihar is a land of many extraordinary people whose work and contributions have strongly influenced the course of events of the history of Bihar. Nationalist, writers, poets, artists, musicians, theatre artist, all have their fair share of contribution to the land. Here, we are briefly outline the major contribution of some great personalities which will help the aspirants who are preparing for the State PSC Examinations like BPSC.
Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country. The state enjoys a continental monsoon type of climate. Great distance from sea, adjoining Himalayan Mountains and changes in the upper air circulation affects its climate. Distribution of soils here has bearing of climate, parent material and topography. Here, we are giving the complete study material related to the ‘Climate and Soil Profile of Bihar’ for the aspirants who are preparing for the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.
The Ancient History of Bihar extends to the very dawn of human civilization and also associated with the advent of earliest myths and legends of Sanatana Dharma. Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘Ancient Bihar History’ that will be ease the journey of aspirants to crack the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.
The Rivers of Bihar flow through alluvial deposits where slope is very small, forming wide flood plains but the catchment area of the these rivers are large. Here, we are sharing the list of major rivers in Bihar that enhance the general knowledge of Bihar which is used by the students who are preparing for BPSC and other state level examinations as a reference study material.
Bihar is endowed with a number of beautiful natural spots varying from waterfalls and hot springs that contributes the idyllic setting of the state. Here we are giving waterfalls in Bihar and list of hot springs which will be helpful in the preparation of State PSC exam especially Bihar PSC or BPSC.
Buddhism was atheistic in nature and accompanied by cosmic rise and fall. It never questioned on the existence of God but they believe that there is nothing like supernatural of different form man except in their greater happiness and power. Here, we are sharing summary of Buddhism that will help the aspirant to learn- what is Buddhism, teaching of Buddha, how it spread and its contribution on the Indian culture.
Jainism made tremendous impact on the orthodox religious practices through heterodox sects. It advocated the interests of the people in a simple, short and intelligible way of salvation. Here, we are sharing the summary on Jainism along with the teaching of Mahavira and how it spread that will be very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.
Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, Atharvaveda, the Brahamanas, the Aranyakas, Upanishads and Vedangas are most important sources of knowledge about Aryans and Vedic period. Here, we are giving the “Summary of the Vedic Age: Polity | Society | Position of Women” which is very useful for the aspirants who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Bihar is known for the centre of power, learning, and culture in India for 1000 years during classical Indian History. Most of the powerful kingdoms of Ancient India rise in the region. Here, we are giving the ‘Summary on the important Buddhist Pilgrimage sites in Bihar’ which is helpful for those students who are preparing not only for Bihar PSC Exam but also other State-PSC Exams.
Bihar is situated on the one of the fertile regions of the world which is drained by river Ganga. It was famous for its cotton, textile, saltpetre and indigo. This makes reason of enticing for European to open trade factories and centre for trade. Here, we are sharing “Modern History of Bihar” which is helpful for those students who are preparing for Bihar PSC Exam.
The Tribal Revolts of Bihar were mostly unorganised, localised and periodic which were mainly against Britishers exploitative relation with tribes and tribal land and also transfer of land to outsiders. Here, we are giving the list of ‘Tribal Revolt of Bihar’ along with date, people who were associated with the revolt and nature & objective as well.
Sangam Age was started from 3rd century to 4th century BC and it is called Sangam because age was referred to the Sangam academies of poets and scholars. Here, we are sharing the summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.
The Vedic People personified the natural forces and looked upon them as living beings to which they gave human or animal attributes. Here, we are giving the list of Rig Vedic Gods & Goddesses which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.
Soil is the mixture of mineral and organic components which are the basis of plants growth. It is formed from breakdown of parent rocks or physical and chemical changes of parent rocks. Here, we are giving a detailed summary on soil Profile of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories. As per census 2011, population of India was 1.2 billion. India occupies 2.4 percent of the world's land surface area and is home to 17.5 percent of the world's population. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India. It has 16.50% population of whole India.
A person aged seven or above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language is termed as the literate. Sex ratio is defined as the number of females /1000 males. As per census 2011 India has the literacy of 74.04 and sex ratio at the 934females/1000 males.
As per census 2011, Nagaland is the only Indian state which has negative growth rate of -0.58% in census 2011while Indian population grown at the rate of 17.69% from 2001 to 2011.
The records of population density 2011 of India state that the density 2011 has increased from a figure of 324 to that of 382 per square kilometer. Bihar is the most thickly populated state (1106 persons/sq km.) followed by west bengal-1028 and Kerala 860. Population density increased at the rate of 17.54 from 2001 to 2011.
In the census 2011, a person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language is treated as literate. A person, who can only read but can’t write, is not literate. India's literacy rate is at 74.04%.Kerala is the most literate state in India, with 93.91% literacy. Bihar is the least literate state in India, with a literacy of 63.82%.
Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 943 females per 1000 of males. Haryana has the lowest sex ratio (877) in Indian states while in union territory Daman & Diu has lowest sex ratio of 618. Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 in the all Indian states.
The origin of the word “Rupee” is from Sanskrit word Rupya which means shaped, stamped, impressed, coin and also from the Sanskrit word “raupya” which means silver. There was a long history of struggle, exploration and wealth which can be traced back to the ancient India of the 6th Century BC regarding rupee. The Paper Currency Act of 1861 gave the Government the monopoly of note issued throughout the vast expanse of British India.
7 Race Course Road or 7 RCR is the official residence and principal workplace of the Prime Minister of India, where he lives and holds most of his official or political meetings. It is situated on 7 RCR, New Delhi and the official name of the PM’s residence complex is Panchavati (it was also the forest name of Lord Rama). The entire RCR is also named as Delhi Race Course, which is now closed to the public. Rajiv Gandhi was the first PM to stay at Race Course Road in 1984 and now it is the present residence of Narendra Modi since 26th May 2014.
This comprehensive Study Material “Indian Geography” is designed with the reference of NCERT books and some more books like Majid Hussain (Geography of India), Savinder Singh (Physical Geography), D.R Khullar (India: A Comprehensive Geography), Mahesh Barnwal (Geography: A Comprehensive Study) etc.
Swastika is a sacred symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism & Jainism and a symbol of ancient religion which is in the form of equilateral cross having four legs bent at 90 degrees. The name Swastika is derived from the Sanskrit word swastika which means “lucky or auspicious object”.
The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characterstics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality etc. Census 2011 was the 15th National Census of the Country. This census was conducted under the guidance of Registrar General and Census Commissioners, India Mr. C. Chandramouli.
The British came to India as trader but disintegration made them ruler and they introduces far-reaching changes into administrative, legal, social and religious arena. The foreign character of the British rule hurt the pride of locals which made revolutionary to expel the alien rule out of their homelands. Here is the list of Non tribal, Tribal and Peasant Movements during British India that will helps the aspirants in the preparations of examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA, Railways etc.
British adopt a dual policy in the sphere of education which discouraged the prevalent system of oriental education and gave importance to western education and English language. Here is the “List of Various Educational Committees during British India” that helps students to prepare examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has been made by contribution of several leaders from the ages. These leaders contributed in various spheres of life which have been of great importance to the Indian Society. Here is the “List of Important personalities and their contribution in Indian Society”.
After 1857 revolt, on August 1858, the British parliament passed an act that set an end to the rule of the company. The control of the British government in India was transferred to the British Crown; Lord Canning was made the first Viceroy of India. Here is a “List of British Viceroys during British India”, so that aspirant can easily learn the chronology as well as their contribution.