The Churches and Convents at Velha (Old) Goa owe their existence to the Portuguese rule in this part of the western coast of India. The most comprehensive group of churches and cathedrals built during 16th to 17th century AD at Old Goa comprise of the following: Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se' Cathedral, Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assisi, Church of Lady of Rosary, Church of St. Augustine and Chapel of St. Catherine. These Churches and Convents declared as World Heritage Sites in 1986.
Humayun died in 1556, and his widow Hamida Banu Begam, also known as Haji Begam, commenced the construction of his tomb in 1569, fourteen years after his death. It is the first distinct example of proper Mughal style, which was inspired by Persian architecture. The tomb was constructed at a cost of 15 lakh rupees (1.5 million). Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian, was the architect employed by Haji Begam for this tomb.
The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period. It is a location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site can be any place such as a forest, lake, building, island, mountain, monument, desert, complex or a city; which has a special physical or cultural significance. Currently there are 981 World Heritage sites in the world. However 32 World Heritage Properties are in India out of which 25 are Cultural Properties and 7 are Natural Properties. Let’s have a look of all World Heritage Sites of India on yearly basis.
The Ramon Magsaysay award was established in April, 1957. This award was created to commemorate Ramon Magsaysay, the late president of Philippines. The Ramon Magsaysay Award, Asia’s premier prize and highest honour, celebrates greatness of spirit and transformative leadership in Asia. The Award is presented in formal ceremonies in Manila, Philippines on August 31st, the birth anniversary of the much-esteemed Philippines President whose ideals inspired the Award’s creation. This award is given in 6 categories.
The UNESCO seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. World Heritage Committee launched the Global Strategy for heritage list in India for the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage sites. Tentative list of India’s world heritage sites in order to qualify for inclusion are Temples at Bishnupur,Golden Temple, Lotus Temple, Mughal Gardens and River Island of Majuli etc.
Generally most people use the term "peacock" to describe both male and female birds, but peacock is actually a name that refers to male peafowl. Peafowl belong to pheasant family. These birds are native to Asia. There are two species of peafowl: Indian Peafowl and Green Peafowl. Both types are counted in the list of endangered species because of the habitat loss, smuggling and predation. Peacock is the national bird of India.
Mr. Bankimchandra wrote the song ‘Vande Mataram’ on 7th November, 1875. This song had been published in the novel ‘Anandmath’ by Bankimchandra. The vocabulary used in this song is influenced by Sanskrit. The said book contains information about the violent revolt of Sanyasis against injustice inflicted by Muslims and the British in Bengal in the year 1772. It was adopted on january 24, 1950, providing it equal status with national anthem. It was sung for the first time at the congress session of 1896.
The National Anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana" was written in Bengali by the Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. For the time it was sung at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. A formal completion of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds.
The Tiger (Panthera Tigris) is the national animal of India. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. Till 1972, Lion was the national animal of India. Later on it was replaced by the Tiger. The combination of stamina, strength, agility and tremendous power has made the tiger as the national animal of India. The population of tigers is estimated to be about 2226 in 2014. Karnataka has the largest numbers of tigers in India.
GAAR (General Anti-Avoidance Rules) is a tool for checking aggressive tax planning especially that transaction or business arrangement which is/are entered into with the objective of avoiding tax. It has been introduced in India due to VODAFONE case ruling in favour of this company by the Supreme Court. For example: “A” makes a company XYZ to sell product C. The company B pays 35% tax, but if “A” himself sold the products he would pay 40% tax. “A” has formed the company only to save 5% tax.
The Sahitya Akademi was formally inaugurated by the Government of India on 12 March 1954. The Government of India Resolution, which set forth the constitution of the Akademi, described it as a national organisation to work actively for the development of Indian letters and to set high literary standards, to foster and co-ordinate literary activities in all the Indian languages (23). The Akademi functions as an autonomous organisation.
Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour given for marvelous service towards advancement of art, literature, science and sports in recognition of public service of highest order. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. There is no provision that Bharat Ratna should be given to Indian citizens only. The award has been awarded to a neutralized Indian citizen, mother Teresa (1980), and two non Indians- khan Abdul gaffer khan and Nelson Mandela. It is not mandatory that Bharat Ratna should be awarded very year.
The Saraswati Samman is an annual award for outstanding prose or poetry literary works. It is named after an Indian goddess of learning and is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India. The Saraswati Samman is given by K.K. Birla foundation for 22 Indian language listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India. It is commenced in 1991.
The jnanpith ward is the highest literary honour conferred in the republic of India. It was founded by the sahu Jain family, the publisher of the times of India. The award was instituted in 1961. An Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. So far Kannada writers have won 7 awards (highest any for any language). Eminent Gujarati novelist Raghuveer Chaudhary has been chosen for the prestigious Jnanpith Award for 2015.
The conclusion of British Rule in India saw the end of the old institution of British honours and awards. Independent India saw the introduction of awards such as Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Shaurya Chakra etc. Param Vir Chakra (Pvc) is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India for the highest degree of valor in the presence of the enemy.
Padma Awards, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri are given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants. The recommendations for Padma Awards are received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, Central Ministries/Departments, Institutions of Excellence, etc. which are considered by an Awards Committee. On the basis of the recommendations of the Awards Committee, and after approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President, the Padma Awards are announced on the eve of the Republic Day.
An Architecture Marvel of India's heritage, Konark Sun Temple, commonly known as Konark is situated in the eastern state of Odisha (earlier known as Orissa), India and is one of the eminent tourist attractions. Konark houses a massive temple dedicated to the Sun God. The word 'Konark' is a combination of two words 'Kona' and 'Arka'. 'Kona' means 'Corner' and 'Arka' means 'Sun', so when combines it becomes 'Sun of the Corner'. Konark Sun Temple is situated on the north eastern corner of Puri and is dedicated to Sun God.
Khajuraho Temples (in Madhya Pradesh) are among the most beautiful medieval monuments in the country. These temples were built by the Chandella rulers between AD 900 and 1130. It was the golden period of Chandella rulers. It is presumed that every Chandella ruler has built at least one temple in his lifetime. So all Khajuraho Temples are not constructed by any single Chandella ruler, rather building Temples was a tradition of Chandella rulers and followed by almost all rulers of Chandella dynasty.
Qutb Minar was built in the early 13th century a few kilometres south of Delhi, the red sandstone tower of Qutb Minar is 72.5 m high, tapering from 2.75 m in diameter at its peak to 14.32 m at its base to give calls for prayer. Its surrounding contains Alai-Darwaza Gate, the masterpiece of Indo-Muslim art (built in 1311). The building process of Qutub Minar took a long time (about 75 years). Its construction was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1193 and finished by Iltutmish.
Fatehpur Sikri built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri (the City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The complex of monuments and temples, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid. Akbar shifted his residence and court from Agra to Sikri to honour the Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who resided here (in a cavern on the ridge).
Sanchi is a hot spot for Buddhist tourist in India. It is situated at Sanchi in Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka, the Great in the 3rd century BCE. The stupa is located on a hill whose height is 91 m (298.48 ft.). Sanchi tagged as the World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1989.
Agra Fort, also known as “Laal Quila”, is located in Agra, India. It is tagged as world heritage site by UNESCO in 1983. The fort is about 2.5 kilometers far from the Taj Mahal. It was designed and built by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1565 A.D. Agra was the capital of India in the ancient times. This glorious fort is built alongside Yamuna River. The 380,000 m2 (94-acre) fort has a semicircular plan.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The Central Office of the Reserve Bank was initially established in Calcutta but was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. RBI is the top monetary authority in the country, it prints currency notes (except one rupee note) and distributes them through commercial banks in the country. So R.B.I. decides the supply of money in the whole economy.
The Elephanta Caves (natively known as Gharapurichi Leni, basically Gharapuri) are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves") in (Mumbai) Maharashtra. The island, located in the lap of the Arabian Sea, consists of two groups of caves—the first is a large group of five Hindu caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva Hindu sect, dedicated to the Lord Shiva.
Ellora is an archaeological site 29 km (18 mi) north-west of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra, built by Kalachuri, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties during (6th and 9th centuries). The 34 "caves" are actually structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills. These caves are dedicated to Hindu (17 caves), Buddhist(12 caves) and Jain (12 caves) religions. The 17 Hindu (caves 13–29), 12 Buddhist (caves 1–12) and 5 Jain (caves 30–34) caves, built in proximity. The Ellora Caves were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
In accordance with a key announcement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Independence Day, the Union Government established NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) on Jan. 1, 2015, as replacement for the Planning Commission. This comes after extensive consultation across the spectrum of stakeholders, including state governments, domain experts and relevant institutions.
The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is a group of autonomous public medical colleges of higher education. These institutes have been declared by Act of Parliament as institutions of national importance. AIIMS, New Delhi, is the front runner parent excellence institution, was established in 1956. There are 7 AIIMS are operational and 7more are proposed in the coming years.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), was initially constituted on April 12, 1988 as a non contributory body through a resolution of the government for dealing with all matters related to development and regulation of securities market and investor protection and to advice the government on all these matters. SEBI was given statutory status and powers through an ordinance promulgated on January 30, 1992.
Karnataka is a state in south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The capital and largest city is Bengalore/ Bengaluru is known as the silicon valley of India. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 per cent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state by area.