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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams
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What is General Anti Avoidance Rule (GAAR)?

The General Anti Avoidance Rule (GAAR)- proposed by the then Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee during the annual budget 2012-13


Natural Resources: Forests

Forests form the fundamental resource for upholding the ecological services, soil and water regimes, thus optimizing efficiency of forest means expanding pliability of soil, water & agriculture, which are the posts of rural livelihood refuge.

Natural Resources: Per Capita Availability

The per capita availability of water at national level has turned down rapidly, from 1986 cu m to 1731 cu m in 1998 and 2005 respectively, making India treacherously close to the doorsill of 1700 cu m & being affirmed as a water paucity region of the World.

Natural Resources: Biodiversity and Agricultural Genetic Resources

Biodiversity refers to the plentiful wealth of flora & fauna together with soil micro - flora & micro - fauna & comprises the genetic wealth for livelihood security & welfare of farmers.

Natural Resources: Fisheries

Fisheries contribute considerably to food, economic & employment securities, nutrition & opportunely are one of the fastest growing agricultural sub - sectors since last three decades.

Natural Resources: Land and Soil

The biological productivity of the World, meeting our energy, food & other requirements, depends on health of soil, especially its nutrient, water & carbon balance.

Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2012–2017)

Twelfth five year plan started in 2012 and will run till the year 2017. The Twelfth plan seeks to attain annual average economic growth rate of 8.2 %, down from 9 % foreseen earlier, in view of flimsy global recuperation.

Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2007–2012)

Eleventh Five Year Plan manifested empowerment through education and skill development. It also laid emphasis to elevate the sex ratio for age group 0 to 6 years.

Ninth Five-Year Plan (1997–2002)

The main aim of Ninth Five Year Plan was attainment of objectives like human development, speedy industrialization, full - scale employment, self - reliance on domestic resources and poverty reduction.

Eighth Five-Year Plan (1992–1997)

Modernization of industries was a major highlight of the Eighth Five Year Plan. Under this plan, the steady opening of Indian economy was embarked to correct the mushrooming deficit & foreign debt.

Seventh Five-Year Plan (1985–1990)

Seventh Plan manifested the retort of Congress Party to power. The Seventh Five Year plan laid impetus on improving the efficiency level of industries by advancement of technology.

Sixth Five-Year Plan (1980–1985)

The sixth plan also manifested the commencement of economic liberalization. Indira Gandhi was prime minister of India during this period.

Fourth Five-Year Plan (1969–1974)

When Fourth Five Year Plan was implemented, Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India. Green Revolution in India developed and advanced agriculture.

Fifth Five-Year Plan (1974–1979)

In the Fifth Five Year Plan, Impetus was laid on poverty alleviation, justice and employment.

Third Five-Year Plan (1961–1966)

The Third 5 year Plan focused on agriculture & enhancement in the production of wheat, but the succinct Sino - Indian War in the year 1962 exposed flaws in the economy & shifted the spotlight towards the Defence industry.

Second Five-Year Plan (1956–1961)

The second five-year plan laid emphasis on industry, particularly heavy industry. Distinct from the First five year plan that laid impetus primarily on agriculture, the domestic production of industrial products was supported in the 2nd plan, chiefly in the development of public sector.


Jagranjosh.com presents the terms and terminology of various terms that hold special significance in the field of Economics.


Jagranjosh.com presents the terms and terminology of various terms that hold special significance in the field of Economics.

Technological Achievement Index

Technology Achievement Index is used to compute how well a country is generating & diffusing technology & structuring a human skill base.

Multidimensional Poverty Index

Multidimensional Poverty Index was started in the year 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development scheme & UNDP.

Gender Inequality Index

Gender Inequality Index is a new index for determination of gender disparity that was pioneered in the 2010 HDI Report 20th anniversary edition by UNDP.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index is an amalgamated statistics of education, income indices and life expectancy to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

Growth and Development

To grow is to augment in number or size and to develop is to amplify one’s ability & craving to convince one’s own needs & legitimate requirements & those of others.

First Five-Year Plan

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Indian Prime Minister presented the first five-year plan to the Parliament of India on 8th December 1951.

What is General Anti Avoidance Rule (GAAR)?

The General Anti Avoidance Rule (GAAR)- proposed by the then Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee during the annual budget 2012-13


The following statistics give an overview of the present status of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education in the country as on 30/9/2004

Press And Print Media

The office of the Registrar of Newspaper for India (RNI) came into existence on 1 July, on the recommendation of the First Press Commission in 1953 and by amending the Press and Registraiton of Books Act, 1867. The Registrar of Newspapers for India is required to submit an annual report to the Government of the status of newspapes before 31 Decmeber every year.

Mass Communication

In a country like ours, mass communication plays a vital role in creating people’s awareness about policies and programmes of development. It helps in motivating them to be active partners in the nation-building endeavour.

Government Responsibility And Initiative

In 1976, education became a joint responsibility of Central and State Government. Decisions regarding the organisation and structure of education are largely the concern of the states.


The target of universalising elementary education has been divided into three broad parameters i.e. universal access, universal retention and universal achievement during the Eighth Five Year Plan.


Broadcasting started in India in 1927 with two privately-owned transmitters at Bombay and Calcutta. Government took over the transmitters in 1930 and started operating them under the name of Indian Broadcasting Service.

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