Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. Geography
  4.  |  
  5. Indian Geography

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

Read: General Knowledge | General Knowledge Lists | Overview of India | Countries of World

How many breeds of cows found in India?

May 31, 2017

India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays an important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world. There are 37 cow breed found in the country, but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi are known for milking attributes. The annual production of milk in India is about146.31 Million tonnes of Milk. Here, we are the giving India’s famous breeds of cows which are found across the country.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

May 26, 2017

From the evolution of humankind to the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from ancient world to modern world.

How the pre-monsoon rain became the boon of India's markets and Farmers!

May 23, 2017

India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.

Summary on India's Cement Industry, Cement Producing States and Plants

May 4, 2017

The Cement Industry in India is one of the basic industries in India. The organised production of cement in India was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai). Recently, sea shells, sludge obtained from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also used as raw materials besides limestone. Here, we are giving summary on the India’s Cement Industry and the list of Cement Producing States and Plants for general awareness as revision capsule to the aspirants of different competitive exams.

Summary on Indian Economic Geography: Resources and Energy

Mar 6, 2017

Economic Geography is the study of physical and non-physical environment of man and its influence on his economic life. India is one of the richest countries in natural resources and energy.  India has 24% of the total surface area of the world and about 0.57% area of the earth. As per rough estimate of Census Commission, out of total land area-10.7% is Mountainous. 18.6% are Hilly area, 27.7% is Plateau and 43.0% is Plain area.

How ISRO’s 104 Satellite launch can be a remarkable history

Feb 13, 2017

Till now ISRO has launched maximum 20 satellites at one go; it was PSLV-C34 on June 22, 2016. But now ISRO is going to create a history by launching 104 satellites on board, a flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on 15 February 2017 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. Let us find out how this is possible and what all satellites are going to be launched by ISRO.

Indian Geography: A Complete Study Material

Feb 7, 2017

This comprehensive Study Material “Indian Geography” is designed with the reference of NCERT books and some more books like Majid Hussain (Geography of India), Savinder Singh (Physical Geography), D.R Khullar (India: A Comprehensive Geography), Mahesh Barnwal Geography: A Comprehensive Study) etc.

How National Highways are named in India

Jan 19, 2017

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI; was set up in 1988) is responsible for development, maintenance and management of Highways in India. In India, the road network extends to 5,472,144 Kilometers out of which 97,991 Kilometers belongs to national highways. India has the second largest road network across the world.

How Postal Index Number or PIN Codes are generated in India?

Jan 17, 2017

A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pin code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post (The Indian postal administration) to deliver the letter. The PIN Code system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar. Currently India has 6digit post code and soon it will be converted in 8 digits.

Summary on the Settlements and Urbanisation in India

Jan 6, 2017

Human Settlement is a form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city. In other words, it is a process of opening up and settling on a previously uninhabited area by the people. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Settlements and Urbanization in India’ which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Summary on the Physiography of India

Jan 5, 2017

India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.

Summary on Climate of India

Jan 4, 2017

The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. The term “monsoon” is derived from Arabic word ‘mausim’ which means seasonal reversal in the wind direction. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons. Here, we are giving the ‘Summary on Climate of India’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Indian Drainage System: A Detailed Summary

Jan 3, 2017

India is a country of rivers. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. Here, we are giving the ‘Indian Drainage System: A Detailed Summary’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Summary on the Indian Shipping Industry

Dec 28, 2016

The Indian shipping industry plays an important role in the Indian economy as almost 90% of the country’s international trade is conducted by the sea. Here, we are giving summary on the Indian Shipping Industry which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of the Railway Production Units in India

Dec 28, 2016

The industry based on railway equipment was established as ‘Peninsular Locomotive Company’ at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as ‘Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)’. Here, we are giving the list of the Railway Production Units in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of the Major Railways Zones in India

Dec 28, 2016

The Indian Railways is divided into 16 zone and around 73 sub-divisional headquarter. North Zone is the largest Railway Zone of Indian Railways. There are three types of rail lines in India: Broad Gauge; Meter Gauge; and Narrow Gauge. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Railways Zones in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Indian Cities and their Nicknames

Dec 27, 2016

The nicknames of the cities or regions are associated with the unique characteristics such as unique geographical position, natural beauty, natural formations like lakes, type of industry, large and quality production of particular agriculture products etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian Cities and their Nicknames which will be very helpful for the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Indian States and their Symbols

Dec 27, 2016

India i.e. Bharat, shall be Union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories rather than Federation of the states and UTs. Every Indian states and union territories have their symbols like state animal, state bird, state flower etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian states and their Symbol with their common name and scientific name.

List of major ports on West Coast of India

Dec 26, 2016

India has 13 major and 200 minor ports along with the 7517 kms long coastline. The port of India is controlled by the Central Government under the ambit of Port Trust Act, 1963. Here, we are giving the list of major ports on West Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of major ports on East Coast of India

Dec 26, 2016

The major ports are controlled by the central Government through Major Port Trust Act, 1963 whereas medium and minor ports (part of concurrent lists) are managed and administered by respective states. Here, we are giving the list of the major ports on the East Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Important National Highways of India

Dec 23, 2016

The road network of India has grown from 4 lakh kms in 1951 to more than 33 lakh km. It is the second largest in the world. In India, roads are classified on the basis of management into three categories: National Highways; State highways; and Border Roads. Here, we are giving the list important National Highways which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Major Coal Fields in India

Dec 23, 2016

Around 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in Gondwana rocks of Moran region. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. Here, we are giving the list of Major Coal Fields in India which is very important as GK Study material for the aspirants who are preparing for the different competitive examinations.

List of East and West flowing rivers in India with their characteristics

Dec 23, 2016

The Indian Drainage System is distinguished as Himalayan Drainage System and Peninsular Drainage.  Here, we are giving general knowledge list of the east and west flowing rivers with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

Geographical Structure of Bihar: Geology | Physiology | Plain |Plateau

Dec 15, 2016

The Geographical Structure of Bihar is embedded with younger geological structure in the North by Dharwarian rocks and older in the South by quaternary rocks. Here, we are giving brief outline of Geographical and Physiological Structure of Bihar which will be helpful for the aspirants as revision capsule to those who are preparing for the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.

List of Environmentally Hazardous Particulates: Types & Meaning

Nov 18, 2016

Particulates are small pieces of solid material (for example, smoke particles from fire, bits of asbestos, dust particles and ash from industries) that dispersed into the atmosphere. Here, we are giving the list of types of particulates that environmentally Hazardous.

Summary on Soil Profile of India

Nov 10, 2016

Soil is the mixture of mineral and organic components which are the basis of plants growth. It is formed from breakdown of parent rocks or physical and chemical changes of parent rocks. Here, we are giving a detailed summary on soil Profile of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Have you ever wondered how 29 States in India got their Names

Oct 14, 2016

India derived its name from Indus River and the Aryan worshippers referred Indus River as Sindhu. The invaders of Persia converted it into Hindu. Therefore, the name ‘Hindustan’ combines with Sindhu and Hindu. Billions of people live together in India in 29 states where Language, History, Rulers etc. of particular regions has also contributed to the names. That is why we call it as Unity in diversity. Let see how Indian 29 States got their name.

List of Biosphere Reserves in India

Oct 6, 2016

The International Co-ordinating Council (ICC) of UNESCO introduced the designation of ‘Biosphere reserve’ for natural areas in November, 1971. The National Biosphere Reserve Programme in India was initiated in 1986 to serve as wider base for conservation of entire range of living resources and their ecological foundations in addition to already established protected area network system.

List of Invasive Alien Flora of India

Oct 4, 2016

Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of India's Biosphere Reserves in UNESCO MAB list

Oct 4, 2016

The Agricultural Revolution or Agrarian Revolution refers to the significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production. Here, we are giving the list of India's Biosphere Reserves in UNESCO MAB list which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • By clicking on Submit button, you agree to our terms of use
    ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

Latest Videos

Newsletter Signup
Follow us on