India i.e. Bharat, shall be Union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories rather than Federation of the states and UTs. Every Indian states and union territories have their symbols like state animal, state bird, state flower etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian states and their Symbol with their common name and scientific name.
The road network of India has grown from 4 lakh kms in 1951 to more than 33 lakh km. It is the second largest in the world. In India, roads are classified on the basis of management into three categories: National Highways; State highways; and Border Roads. Here, we are giving the list important National Highways which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The Government of India had launched the project Elephant in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with objectives to protect elephants, their habitat & corridors; to address issues of man-animal conflict; and welfare of captive elephants. Here, we are giving the list of Elephant Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Population Policies formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel, and to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. The main objective is to achieve a stable population at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development, and environmental protection. Several policies have been formulated in different Five-Year Plans by the Government of India for population control.
India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays an important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world. There are 37 cow breed found in the country, but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi are known for milking attributes. The annual production of milk in India is about146.31 Million tonnes of Milk. Here, we are the giving India’s famous breeds of cows which are found across the country.
A large water body which is surrounded by land is called a lake. Most of the lakes are permanent, while some contain water only during the rainy season. Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, by wind, river action and by human activities. There are about 500,000 lakes on Earth, storing volume of water equalling 103,000 cubic Km. Most of the world's water lakes are found in North America (25%), Africa (30%) and Asia (20%).
The Indian Drainage System is distinguished as Himalayan Drainage System and Peninsular Drainage. Here, we are giving general knowledge list of the east and west flowing rivers with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
Indian drainage system consists of a large number of small and big rivers. It is the outcome of the evolutionary process of the three major physiographic units and the nature and characteristics of precipitation. The Himalayan drainage system includes the Ganga, the Indus and the Brahmaputra river basins. The peninsular plateau is drained by Narmada, Tapi, the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri.
From the evolution of humankind to the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from ancient world to modern world.
India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.
The Cement Industry in India is one of the basic industries in India. The organised production of cement in India was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai). Recently, sea shells, sludge obtained from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also used as raw materials besides limestone. Here, we are giving summary on the India’s Cement Industry and the list of Cement Producing States and Plants for general awareness as revision capsule to the aspirants of different competitive exams.
Economic Geography is the study of physical and non-physical environment of man and its influence on his economic life. India is one of the richest countries in natural resources and energy. India has 24% of the total surface area of the world and about 0.57% area of the earth. As per rough estimate of Census Commission, out of total land area-10.7% is Mountainous. 18.6% are Hilly area, 27.7% is Plateau and 43.0% is Plain area.
Till now ISRO has launched maximum 20 satellites at one go; it was PSLV-C34 on June 22, 2016. But now ISRO is going to create a history by launching 104 satellites on board, a flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on 15 February 2017 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. Let us find out how this is possible and what all satellites are going to be launched by ISRO.
This comprehensive Study Material “Indian Geography” is designed with the reference of NCERT books and some more books like Majid Hussain (Geography of India), Savinder Singh (Physical Geography), D.R Khullar (India: A Comprehensive Geography), Mahesh Barnwal Geography: A Comprehensive Study) etc.
National Highways Authority of India (NHAI; was set up in 1988) is responsible for development, maintenance and management of Highways in India. In India, the road network extends to 5,472,144 Kilometers out of which 97,991 Kilometers belongs to national highways. India has the second largest road network across the world.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pin code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post (The Indian postal administration) to deliver the letter. The PIN Code system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar. Currently India has 6digit post code and soon it will be converted in 8 digits.
Human Settlement is a form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city. In other words, it is a process of opening up and settling on a previously uninhabited area by the people. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Settlements and Urbanization in India’ which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.
The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. The term “monsoon” is derived from Arabic word ‘mausim’ which means seasonal reversal in the wind direction. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons. Here, we are giving the ‘Summary on Climate of India’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India is a country of rivers. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. Here, we are giving the ‘Indian Drainage System: A Detailed Summary’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Indian shipping industry plays an important role in the Indian economy as almost 90% of the country’s international trade is conducted by the sea. Here, we are giving summary on the Indian Shipping Industry which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The industry based on railway equipment was established as ‘Peninsular Locomotive Company’ at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as ‘Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)’. Here, we are giving the list of the Railway Production Units in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The Indian Railways is divided into 16 zone and around 73 sub-divisional headquarter. North Zone is the largest Railway Zone of Indian Railways. There are three types of rail lines in India: Broad Gauge; Meter Gauge; and Narrow Gauge. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Railways Zones in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The nicknames of the cities or regions are associated with the unique characteristics such as unique geographical position, natural beauty, natural formations like lakes, type of industry, large and quality production of particular agriculture products etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian Cities and their Nicknames which will be very helpful for the preparation of different competitive examinations.
India has 13 major and 200 minor ports along with the 7517 kms long coastline. The port of India is controlled by the Central Government under the ambit of Port Trust Act, 1963. Here, we are giving the list of major ports on West Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The major ports are controlled by the central Government through Major Port Trust Act, 1963 whereas medium and minor ports (part of concurrent lists) are managed and administered by respective states. Here, we are giving the list of the major ports on the East Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
Around 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in Gondwana rocks of Moran region. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. Here, we are giving the list of Major Coal Fields in India which is very important as GK Study material for the aspirants who are preparing for the different competitive examinations.
The Geographical Structure of Bihar is embedded with younger geological structure in the North by Dharwarian rocks and older in the South by quaternary rocks. Here, we are giving brief outline of Geographical and Physiological Structure of Bihar which will be helpful for the aspirants as revision capsule to those who are preparing for the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.
Particulates are small pieces of solid material (for example, smoke particles from fire, bits of asbestos, dust particles and ash from industries) that dispersed into the atmosphere. Here, we are giving the list of types of particulates that environmentally Hazardous.
Soil is the mixture of mineral and organic components which are the basis of plants growth. It is formed from breakdown of parent rocks or physical and chemical changes of parent rocks. Here, we are giving a detailed summary on soil Profile of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.