The PNS Ghazi was the naval submarine, which was used in the naval battle of India-Pakistan Naval War of 1971 during the Bangladesh liberation war and hence popularly known as "Ghazi Attack". It was deployed in East-Pakistan ashore (which is now in Bangladesh east coast) to locate INS Vikrant and to destroy the Indian Eastern Command base of Visakhapatnam.
Bihar is a land of many extraordinary people whose work and contributions have strongly influenced the course of events of the history of Bihar. Nationalist, writers, poets, artists, musicians, theatre artist, all have their fair share of contribution to the land. Here, we are briefly outline the major contribution of some great personalities which will help the aspirants who are preparing for the State PSC Examinations like BPSC.
The origin of the word “Rupee” is from Sanskrit word Rupya which means shaped, stamped, impressed, coin and also from the Sanskrit word “raupya” which means silver. There was a long history of struggle, exploration and wealth which can be traced back to the ancient India of the 6th Century BC regarding rupee. The Paper Currency Act of 1861 gave the Government the monopoly of note issued throughout the vast expanse of British India.
Pakistan was created out of India in 1947 when both the countries became Independent from Great Britain. India-Pakistan Wars, name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947-48, 1965, 1971 and 1999. Reasons of conflicts are border dispute, Kashmir problem, Water dispute and terror controversy.
During the Indian freedom movement, there are so many peoples who got their nickname just because of their nature or the incidents in those days.
British adopt a dual policy in the sphere of education which discouraged the prevalent system of oriental education and gave importance to western education and English language. Here is the “List of Various Educational Committees during British India” that helps students to prepare examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has been made by contribution of several leaders from the ages. These leaders contributed in various spheres of life which have been of great importance to the Indian Society. Here is the “List of Important personalities and their contribution in Indian Society”.
After 1857 revolt, on August 1858, the British parliament passed an act that set an end to the rule of the company. The control of the British government in India was transferred to the British Crown; Lord Canning was made the first Viceroy of India. Here is a “List of British Viceroys during British India”, so that aspirant can easily learn the chronology as well as their contribution.
The British Governors Generals were originally the head of the British administration in India. The office was created in 1773 with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William. Here is a “List of British Governors Generals during British Period in India”.
Here is the list of Abbreviated or Alternative name of Personalities of Modern Indian History whose contribution personified the Indian History. These personalities had great contribution to the freedom struggle of India which is priceless and the country owes its independence, partly, to these great personalities.
The Revolt of 1857 was not mere a product of Sepoy but was accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. Here is the List of important leader Associated with the Revolt of 1857, so that aspirant can easily learn it.
After establishing the complete control over Indian territories, British taking firm steps to encourage trade, they found that the country is best suited not only for rule but also to intervene in its social system. In this regards, they took plethora of steps to ameliorate the social life of the people. Here, we are giving list of various reforms acts during British India.
As Percy Bysshe Shelley said that the 'History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of man’. Here, we are giving the List of an important Dates and Events of Modern history, in a chronological manner as well as important events that happened in Indian Modern History which is very useful for the aspirants of exams like UPSC-prelims, IAS-prelims, CPF, CDS, NDA and different State PSC exams.
The British official had improved resources and succeeded in suppressing the revolt. They had vast resources at their disposal and were helped by the fast means of transport and communications. Here is the List of British Officials Associated with 1857 Revolt, so that aspirant can easily learn it.
Peshwas were the loyal ministers of Marathas state who were appointed to assist the king in different administrative as well as political affairs.
The Indian National Congress was formed in 1885. It was the nucleus of a future parliament for our country. Here is the list of session of Indian National Congress held before independence in which venue, year of session and the President name is given.
The Acts & Reforms during British rule laid down the legal framework for the organisation and functioning of government and administration in British India. These Acts & Reforms have greatly influenced our Constitution and polity. Here is the list of Acts & Reforms after 1857 during British rule so that aspirant can easily learn it.
The British Acts & Reforms during colonialism in India witnesses the evolution administrative as well as legislative structure that can also seen in today’s India.
The Indian National Movement was an organised mass movement concerned with the interests of the people of India that spanned the entire length of the country. Various Major & Minor revolts broke out across the country and many revolutionaries fought together to drive out the Britishers either by force or through non- violent measures and promote Nationalism across the country.
This comprehensive Study Material “History of Modern India” is designed with the reference of NCERT books and some more books like India for Independence by Bipin Chandra, Sumit Sarkar etc. That will cater the requirements of not only the school going students but also for those who are pursuing their degree courses and even for those who are preparing for competitive exams.
Many people belong to different regions, timelines but their dreams were same- India’s Independence from the colonial rule or British Raj and amongst these people, millions was women, some were known and some were not. These women spunk and determination in the face of adversity, their courage to look death in the eye, their intense love and love for their motherland; all serve the same purpose-to flare up our minds and strive for a better world but these women leaders have been long gone and forgotten.
On June 3, 1947, Lord Mountbatten put forward his plan which outlined the steps for the solution of India’s political problem. The main purpose of the Mountbatten Plan was the partition of India and the speedy transfer of responsibility, initially in the form of Dominion Status.
The Constituent Assembly was set up under the cabinet Mission plan on 16th May 1946. The members of the Provincial assemblies were elected by the method of single transferable vote system of proportional representations.
On 2nd September 1946, the newly-elected Constituent Assembly formed interim government of India which existed till 15th August 1947. The executive branch of the interim government was served by the viceroy’s executive council ,headed by the Viceroy of India.Since colonial rule it was for the first time that the Government of India was in Indian's hand.
On 22nd January 1946, the decision to send Cabinet Mission was taken and on 19th February 1946, the British PM C.R Attlee Government announced in the House of Lords about the mission and the plan to quit India.
Lord Wavell broadcast to the people of India the proposals of the British Government to resolve the deadlock in India on 14th June which is called Wavell Plan. It was constituted to resolve the political deadlock of existing India but due to disagreement between leaders of Muslim League and Congress,finally the proposals were dissolved at the Shimla Conference.
Desai being the leader of the Congress in the Central Assembly gave proposal to Liaquat Ali for the formation of Interim Government at centre. Desai- Liaquat Proposals was attempt to appease the league leaders and find a way out of the 1942-45 political deadlocks.
The objectives of Rajagopalachari Formula were to bridges between the Muslims League and Indian National Congress arises due to the difference of opinion on two nation theory and independence of India from British. C. Rajagopalachari was the veteran Congress leader, made a formula for the Indian National Congress and Muslim League cooperation to write off the political deadlock. Formula was supported by M.K Gandhi which was in reality, a silent acceptance of the League’s demand for Pakistan.
An important development in the struggle for freedom during the Second World War was the formation and activities of the Azad Hind Fauj, also known as the Indian National Army, or INA. Rash Behari Bose, an Indian revolutionary who had escaped from India and had been living in Japan for many years, set up the Indian independence league with the support of Indians living in the countries of south-east Asia.
In April 1942, the Cripps mission failed. Within less than four months, the third great mass struggle of the Indian people for freedom started. This struggle is known as the Quit India movement. On 8 August 1942, The All India Congress Committee, at a meeting in Bombay, passed a resolution. This resolution declared that the immediate ending of the British rule in India was an urgent necessity for the sake of India and for the success of the cause of freedom and democracy.