The constitution of India deals with the citizenship from the articles 5 to 11 under Part II. The Citizenship Act, 1995 prescribes 5 way of acquiring citizenship i.e. Birth, Descent, Registration, Naturalization and Incorporation of the territory. The Nationality can be obtained by Birth and Inheritance.
By e-Government we mean the use of ICT in government operations, as a tool to increase the outreach of the government services to the general public. e-Governance, on the other hand, implies the use of ICT in transforming and supporting functions and structures of the system.
The President is considered the first citizen of India. It is the highest Constitutional post in the country. The Electoral College elects the President of India. Without the President's signature no law can be formed and his tenure is of 5 years. Through this article, the list of the candidates who have been elected as president so far is being given and some important facts related to them.
In the October 2017, the Government of India decided to increase the salary of The President of India from Rs. 1.5 lac /month to Rs. 5 lac / month. In addition to the salary the president receives other allowances in which free medical, housing and treatment facilities (whole life) are provided. After this new salary the president will get Rs. 1.5 lac /month as pension.
In the scheme of parliamentary system of the government provided by the constitution, the president is the nominal executive authority (de jure executive) and Prime Minister is the real executive authority (de facto executive). So president is the head of the state while Prime Minster is the head of the government. In this article, we have explained about the Power and Functions of the Prime Minister of India.
Although we all have read and heard about human rights but people talk lesser about children's rights because people think that they are children, so what kind of rights children can have? But for the kind information of such ignorant we made this article so that rights of the children can also be known by parents and other civilians.
Members of Parliament are representative of public to put their problems in front of the leaders of the country. But recent disruption during winter session of the parliament caused the loss of Rs. 144 crore or Rs. 2.5 lakhs/minute to the exchequer. So this wastage of public money raised a serious question on the functioning of the parliament.
Articles 153 to 167 in Part VI of the Indian Constitution deal with the State Executive. The State Executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister, the Council of Ministers and the Advocate General of the State. At present India has 29 state governors and 7 administrators of Union Territories.
Article 75 of the Indian Constitution envisages that there will be a Prime Minister of India who shall be appointed by the President. Prime Minister is the leader of the Cabinet Ministers. Main executive powers of the government are vested in the Prime Minister while the President is the nominal head of the State.
In order to maintain a legal system in a huge country like India, the constitution had laid down the foundation of system of Law. As against Indian army and other paramilitary forces, our police force is mainly responsible for maintaining internal peace and security of the country. In this article, we have provided all the information related to FIR and have tried to clear up various suspicions in order to provide guidance to the people.
At present, Constitution of India comprises of 448 articles in 25 parts & 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 100 amendments. Originally our constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. It is observed that questions based on the Indian constitution are always asked in many competitive exams like UPSC/PSC/SSC/CDS etc. So to cater these exams we made a list of important articles in this topic.
Articles from 153 to 167 in Part VI of the constitution deal with the state executive. The state executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister the Council of Ministers and the Advocate General of the State. The post of the Governor at the state level is like the President at the centre.
The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28, 1950. It succeeded the Federal Court of India and established under the Government of India Act, 1935. Articles from 124 to 147 in Part V of the constitution deal with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, powers procedures of the Supreme Court. At present Supreme Court has 31 judges including the Chief Justice of India.
The Parliament of India is comprises of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and President of India. Article 79 of the Indian constitution says that India will have a parliament for making laws to run the democratic set up of the country.
The Union Budget of India, which is known also as the ‘Annual financial statement’ in the Article 112 of the Indian Constitution. The first Union budget of independent India was presented by R. K. Shanmukham Chetty on November 26, 1947. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and former finance minister Yashwant Sinha are the only two leaders who presented the Union Budget of India 5 times consecutively.
Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: public bills and private bills (also known as government bills and private members’ bills respectively). Though both are governed by the same general procedure and pass through the same stages in the House.
The parliamentary system in India taken from the British constitution. The council of ministers is lead by the prime minister, who is the real executive authority of the Indian political system. Article 74 of our constitution deals with the status of the council of ministers while article 75 deals with the appointment, tenure, responsibility, oath, qualification, allowances and salaries of the ministers.
The emergency provisions are contained in part XVIII of the constitution, from articles 352 to 360. National Emergency is mentioned in the article 352 and president’s rule is mentioned in article 356 of the Indian constitution. National Emergency can be proclaimed only when country is threatened by war, external aggression or armed rebellion.
Supreme Court is the apex court in India which came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. It is a Constitutional body which is laid down in Part V of the Chapter V of the Constitution of India from Articles 124 to 147. It consists of Chief justice of India and 30 other Judges designated by the President of India and the retirement age of Supreme Court Judges is 65 years. Here are some interesting facts related to Supreme Court of India.
Uniform Civil Code is defined in our Constitution under Article 44 which states that it is the duty of the state to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India. As, Uniform Civil Code would put in place a set of laws to govern personal matters of all citizens irrespective of religion is perhaps the need of the hour and ensuring that their fundamental and Constitutional rights are protected.
A bill is a draft legislative proposal before the house. It becomes an act only when passed by both the houses of parliament and assented to by the president. While the term `motion' in parliamentary parlance means any formal proposal made to the house by a member for the purpose of eliciting a decision of the house.
Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the house envisaged by the constitution is 552, which is made up by election of up to 530 members to represent the states, up to 20 members to represent the union territories.
BRICS is an association of five major emerging national economies. It is the acronym of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. This acronym was first used in 2001 by Goldman Sachs. Initially, they were grouped in four i.e. “BRIC” and later South Africa was included in 2010. So far seven BRICS Summit have taken place. And all five BRICS members are G-20 members. The 8th BRICS Summit was hosted by India in 2016 at Goa. Important deals signed between Russia and India is explained in this article.
To avoid confrontation of any kind, there is a clear cut division of financial relation between the centre and the state. The Union Parliament levies taxes on items mentioned in the union list while the state legislatures levy taxes on items mentioned in the state list. Articles 268 to 293 are related to centre-state financial relations.
India has very diverse multi party political system. There are three types of political parties in India i.e. National Parties (6), state recognized parties (48) and unrecognized parties (1706). All the political parties which wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II. However, it contains neither any permanent nor any elaborate provisions in this regard. It only identifies the persons who became citizens of India at its commencement (i.e., on January 26, 1950).
Articles 245 to 255 in Part XI of the Constitution deal with the legislative relations between the Centre and the states. Centre and the states are supreme in their respective fields, the maximum harmony and coordination between them is essential for the effective operation of the federal system.
Unitary Features of constitution make a centralized government. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit. All power is top down. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme.
Unitary government is one in which all the powers are inherited in the national government and the regional governments (if at all exist), derive their authority from the national government. While a federal government is one in which powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments by the Constitution.
A unitary government is one in which all the powers are vested in the national government and the regional governments. A federal government, on the other hand, is one in which powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments by the Constitution itself and both operate in their respective jurisdictions independently.