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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

Read: General Knowledge | General Knowledge Lists | Overview of India | Countries of World

Subcategories: Countries of World

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) is an autonomous institute of the UN system which involve in a multi-disciplinary research and policy analysis on the social dimensions of current development issues. It was formed in 1963 for conducting relevant research on policy related to the social development.

West African Monetary and Economic Union (UEMOA)

The West African Monetary and Economic Union (UEMOA) are also known as Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine. It is an organisation of eight western African Countries i.e. Benin, Burkina Faso, Coted’Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. It was established to advance the regional economic cooperation and also to create a common market.

Southern African Development Community (SADC)

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organisation that works compliments the works of African Union such as the socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 15 Southern African States.

10 Amazing Facts about Baha’i religion

The Baha’i belief is a monotheistic which emphasizes the spirituality of all mankind. The faith is moving around three core principle or doctrine on the basis of Baha’i teachings i.e. Unity of God; Unity of religion; and Unity of humanity. It was founded by the Bahaullah of Persia who was exiled by the Ottoman Empire for his teaching.
Meta-summary: The Baha’i belief is a monotheistic which emphasizes the spirituality of all mankind. It was founded by the Bahaullah of Persia who was exiled by the Ottoman Empire for his teaching.

Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) is a scientific and technical organisation in the Pacific region that works from 1947. It was formed under the Canberra Agreement by the Australia, France, New Zealand, Netherlands, United Kingdoms, and the United States (US).

OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID)

The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) was established in 1976 as a development finance institution by the Member States of OPEC. It was formed as a collective channel of aid to the developing countries.

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) established as international trade union on 7 December, 1949. It was established by the American Federation of Labour–Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO) of the United States and the Trades Union Congress of Great Britain.

Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) was formed in 1996 to replace the intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986. It is multi-national authority founded by east African Countries. I.E.  Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya.

European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) was established in 1973 as European Trade Union Organisation to represent workers of Europe. 90 National Trade Union Confederations from 39 European Countries, 10 European Industry federations and 60 million individual trade unionists comprises the present members of ETUC.

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen West African Countries which was founded on 28th May, 1975 with an objective to promote economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries.

Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)is an Economic Community of the African Nations formed in 1983  by the UDEAC members and the members of the Economic Community of the Great  Lakes States (CEPGL) (Burundi, Rwanda and the then Zaire) as well as Sao Tomé  and Principe.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU): Union for Arbitration of conflict

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) is an international organisation of parliament. It was established in 1889 with an aim for the arbitration of conflict.

International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC)

The International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) is an international forum that works on the crime prevention and community safety which established in 1994 by the government of Canada, France and Quebec.

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research: Autonomous Voluntarily Funded Institute of UN

The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) is an autonomous institute which voluntarily funded within the United Nations.  It was established in 1980 by the United Nations General Assembly to inform States and the global community on questions of international security, and to assist with disarmament.

World Confederation of Labour (WCL)

The World Confederation of Labour (WCL) was founded with very narrow vision as a confederation of trade union within the ambit of Europe and Latin America under the name of the International Federation of Christian Trade Unions in 1920.

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an inter-governmental organisation that work for the World’s free chemical weapons through the Chemical Weapons Conventions which enter into forced in 1997. Currently, it has 192 members State.

West African Development Bank: International Multilateral Development Bank

The West African Development Bank (BOAD) is an international Multilateral Development Bank founded in 1973 by the member countries of the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) to serve the funding priority development and economic integration activities in the West African Region.

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO)

The International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO) previously known as “INTELSAT” established for the development of global communications Satellite System. It provides high quality and reliable space segment capacity for public telecommunication services such as telephony, data and internet connectivity to more than 200 countries irrespective of their location, size or level development.

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) is a multi-governmental organisation Arab States formed for the cooperation and coordination of energy policies among oil producing Arabs. It was established by Kuwait, Libya and Saudi Arabia on January 9, 1968. Kuwait was chosen as headquarter.

Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC)

The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) was established by four countries that bordering Lake Chad i.e. Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad on 22nd May, 1964.  It is basically basin organisation which is funded by the member state.

Asian Mekong Development Co-operation (Mekong Group)

The Asian Mekong Development Co-operation (Mekong Group) is an association of Southeast Asian countries i.e. Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

East African Community (EAC): Regional Intergovernmental Organisation

The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of six east African countries i.e. Kenya, Rwanda, Republics of Burundi, South Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania and Republic of Uganda. It’s headquarter is located in Arusha, Tanzania.

East African Development Bank (EADB)

The East African Development Bank (EADB) was established by Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda in 1967 with an aim to provide economic and financial support among the member state.

UN Commission on Human Settlements (UNCHS)

The UN Commission on Human Settlements (UNCHS) was founded in 1978 with an aim to encourage human settlements development socially and environmentally in way of sustainability and provide adequate shelter for all.

Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF): Medical humanitarian organisation

The Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF) is an international humanitarian-aid organisation of those Doctors whose realm of working is borderless. It works on basically to those areas or regions facing endemic diseases and war torn regions.

Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC): Cooperation Council for Arab State

The Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC) is a cooperation council for those gulf states of Arab which have common political and cultural identities especially common root of Islamic belief. It was founded in 1981 by the political and economical alliance of six Arab State. I.E. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman.

Pacific Islands Forum (PIF): Organisation for Independent States of the Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) is an Inter-Governmental organisation formed to strengthen the cooperation between the independent States of the Pacific Ocean. It was established in 1971 with a name of ‘South Pacific Forum’ but in 1999, renamed as Pacific Islands Forum in order to incorporate the independent States of north and south Pacific island countries.

World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU)

The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was formed in 1945 with an aim to bring trade union across the world under single umbrella of International Organization. It was established to replace the International Federation of Trade Unions by the representation of 67 million workers from 56 National Organisations from 55 countries and 20 International Organisations.

International Air Transport Association (IATA): Trade Association of the World’s Airlines

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines formed to support areas of aviation activity as well as help to formulate industrial policy on aviation issues. IATA was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers.

World Tourism Organization (UWTO)

The World Tourism Organization (UWTO) is one of the specialized agencies of United Nation formed in 1957 to promote responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. It acts as arbitrator, articulator and facilitator to implement economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and also act as a leader for advancing worldwide knowledge on tourism policies.

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