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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Amnesty International (AI): Organisation For Human Rights

Amnesty International (AI) is a non-governmental organisation formed in July 1961 by Peter Benenson (UK) with an objective to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice to those, whose rights have been violated.

African Export-Import Bank (AFREXIM BANK): Trade Finance Bank for Africa

The African Export- Import Bank (AFREXIM BANK) was established in Abuja, Nigeria in October, 1993 by African Governments, African private and institutional investors as well as non-African financial institutions and private investors for the purpose of financing, promoting and expanding intra-African and extra-African trade.

African Development Bank (AfDB): Multilateral Development Finance Institution

African Development Bank (AfDB) is a multilateral development finance institution established to contribute to the economic development and social progress of African countries was established in 1964. It is of one of the supplementary and complimentary entities of African Development Bank Group just like: The African Development Fund and the Nigeria Trust Fund.

15 Amazing Natural Wonders of the World

Our cultural and natural heritages are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. List of 7 Wonders of the World of UNESCO only defines the masterpieces of human creative genius but through this article, we are giving the perplex of nature which cannot be imagined by any human being.

International Mobile Satellite Organisation (IMSO)

The International Mobile Satellite Organisation (IMSO) is the inter-governmental organization which was formed to oversight of certain public satellite safety and security communication services provided by mobile satellite communication systems. It act as LRIT Coordinator (International system for the Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships) to ensure the operation of the international system for the Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships (LRIT) worldwide by auditing and reviewing the performance of the system.

Nordic Development Fund (NDF): Multilateral Development Finance Institution

The Nordic Development Fund (NDF) is a multilateral development finance institution established in 1989 by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. NDF’s headquarters are in Helsinki, Finland, in the same building complex as the Nordic Investment Bank (NIB), the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO) and the Nordic Project Fund (Nopef).

International Road Federation (IRF): "Better Roads. Better World"

The International Road Federation (IRF) is a non-governmental organization founded in Washington, DC in 1948 with the objective to encourage and promote development and maintenance of better, safer and more sustainable roads and road networks around the world. With a presence in 118 countries, membership in the IRF is a compelling value proposition that confers the prestige of belonging to the best-recognized global advocate for better roads for a better world.

International Seabed Authority (ISA)

The International Seabed Authority (ISA) is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC): Regional Economic Forum

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific. The basic concept behind the formation of this regional economic forum was to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration.

Outer Space Treaty

Outer Space Treaty is a legal entity and came in 1966 as a legal document towards the General Assembly. The Treaty was largely based on the Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, which had been adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 1962 (XVIII) in 1963, but added a few new provisions. The Treaty was opened for signature by the three depository Governments (the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) in January 1967, and it entered into force in October 1967.

United Nations Children's Education Fund (UNICEF)

United Nations Children's Education Fund (UNICEF), formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. It was established with the aim of providing long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. It was established in 1946 with the objective of providing relief to children in countries that was devastated by World War II. It is the main United Nations specialized organisation which defends, promotes and protects the children’s rights.

International Development Association: Bank for Poor Developing Countries

The International Development Association (IDA) is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries. It was established in 1960 to complement the existing International Bank for Reconstruction and Development by lending to developing countries which suffer from the lowest gross national income, from troubled creditworthiness, or from the lowest per capita income.

International Fund for Agricultural Development: Financial institution for rural poor countries

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established in 1977 as an international financial institution. It is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries because seventy-five per cent of the world's poorest people - 1.4 billion women, children and men - live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related activities for their livelihoods.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. It is committed to connecting the entire world's people – wherever they live and whatever their means. It allocate global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develop the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO): Specialized agency of the United Nations

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations which codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.

Central European Initiative (CEI): Forum for European Integration

The Central European Initiative (CEI) is the oldest and largest of sub-regional co-operation initiatives that emerged in Central and Eastern Europe after the collapse of the communist system. It was founded in 1989 by Austria, Italy, Hungary and Yugoslavia in 1989, as quadrilateral co-operation.

Nordic Investment Bank (NIB): Multilateral Financial Institution

Nordic Investment Bank (NIB) is a multilateral financial institution founded by the five Nordic countries (i.e. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) in the mid of 1970. It was formed to prosperous and sustainable Nordic-Baltic region.

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established as principal organ of the United Nations (UN) in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty for binding global ban on nuclear explosive testing. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 September 1996

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is the world’s leading forum for investor-State dispute settlement in most international investment treaties and in numerous investment laws and contracts. It was established in 1966 by the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (the ICSID Convention).

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): Backbone of UN Development System

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is a specialised agency of United Nation formed in 1965 to triggered global development network. It works in nearly 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. It also helps countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD): Functions and Working domain

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964. It is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations Generally Assembly for promoting the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): Global Environmental Authority

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the voice for the environment within the realm of United Nations System. It was founded in 1972 with the aim to create global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda. UNEP’s work focuses on the following seven (7) cross-cutting thematic priorities: Climate Change; Disasters and Conflicts; Ecosystem Management; Environment Governance; Chemicals & Waste; Resource Efficiency; and Environment under Review.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

The United Nation General Assembly established the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on December 14, 1950. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees.

List of North American World Heritage Sites

Heritage Sites are the outstanding value to humanity and thus required to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world. It is our cultural, educational, aesthetic, inspirational, and economic legacies - all of the things that quite literally make us who we are.

Top 10 Fastest Helicopters in the World

Helicopter is very useful aircraft because it can vertically take off and land in a very limited space, turn in any direction very quickly and hover in air. It is powered by an engine on its top with blades which rotate at high speed to give the craft its lift.

List European World Heritage Sites

A civilization is a heritage of beliefs, customs, and knowledge slowly accumulated in the course of centuries, elements difficult at times to justify by logic, but justifying themselves as paths when they lead somewhere, since they open up for man his inner distance.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC): Pillars and working areas

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention to fight against illicit drugs and international crime. It operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices.

List of African World Heritage Site

Heritage is the treasured wealth of the world and the fit inheritance of generations and nations. It is our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritages are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration.

Bank for International Settlements (BIS): World's oldest international financial organisation

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is the world's oldest international financial organisation that established on 17 May 1930. It is owned by 60 central banks, representing countries from around the world that together make up about 95% of world GDP to “fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".

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