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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Technical Barriers to Trade

The Technical Barriers to Trade is a category of non-tariff barriers to trade that came into existence to avoid the non-discriminatory procedures of technical regulation, standards and conformity assessment and also to avoid unnecessary obstacles to trade. It was negotiated in the beginning of 1995 during Uruguay Round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and came into force after the establishment of the WTO.

Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile

The Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (CBM) is a guided ballistic missile designed for nuclear weapons delivery with a minimum range of 5500 kilometres. It was first developed under the team of Wernher von Braun by Nazi Germany for bombing on New York and other American Cities during World War II.

Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights

The Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights is an agreement of intellectual property regulation which is internationally accepted and administered the World Trade Organisation. The agreement was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1994 when United Nation of America lobbied intensely with the help of European Union, Japan and other developed countries.

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency was established on September 26, 1961 as an independent agency of US Disarmament Administration with the objectives of the organisation is to strengthen United States national security by "formulating, advocating, negotiating, implementing and verifying effective arms control, non-proliferation, and disarmament policies, strategies, and agreements.

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa was established on December 1994 by replacing Preferential Trade Area (PTA) as an organisation of free independent sovereign states with an objective to form a large economic and trading unit that is capable of overcoming the barriers that are faced individual states.

Anti-Ballistic Missiles Treaty

The Anti-Ballistic Missiles Treaty was unanimously took place between the United States of America and Soviet Union to curb the limitation on ballistic Missile Systems. It was signed on May 26, 1972 and entered into force on October 3, 1972.

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) is a training wing of the United Nations System that works in Research & Development activities around the world. Its realm of activities empowered an individual’s, governments and organisation through knowledge and learning to effectively overcome contemporary global challenges.

International Organization of the Francophone (IOOTF)

The International Organization of the Francophone [Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (IOOTF)] is one of the largest linguistic organisation that represents those countries and regions where French is the first (Mother Tongue) or customary language. It was created in 1970 with the motto of “equality, complementarity and solidarity”. Presently, it has 57 member states and governments along with three associate members and twenty observers.

United Nations University (UNU)

The United Nations University (UNU) is an academic and research wing of UNO. It is a postgraduate teaching organisation formed to create a league of global think tank.

World Council of Churches (WCC)

The World Council of Churches (WCC) is an international church organisation founded in 1948 by non-Roman Catholics. Presently, it has membership of the Anglican Communion, the Assyrian Church of the East, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Old Catholic Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, Protestant churches and some evangelical Protestant churches.

United Nations Volunteers (UNV)

The United Nations Volunteers (UNV) was established on 1970 by UN General Assembly for the contribution of peace and development through volunteerism world-wide.

UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)

The UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was created by the United Nation General Assembly on December 1976 for promoting the gender equality and women empowerment.

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)

The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) is an international membership organisation the running with the attributes of non-violence and democratic value.

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) is an autonomous institute of the UN system which involve in a multi-disciplinary research and policy analysis on the social dimensions of current development issues. It was formed in 1963 for conducting relevant research on policy related to the social development.

West African Monetary and Economic Union (UEMOA)

The West African Monetary and Economic Union (UEMOA) are also known as Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine. It is an organisation of eight western African Countries i.e. Benin, Burkina Faso, Coted’Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. It was established to advance the regional economic cooperation and also to create a common market.

Southern African Development Community (SADC)

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organisation that works compliments the works of African Union such as the socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 15 Southern African States.

10 Amazing Facts about Baha’i religion

The Baha’i belief is a monotheistic which emphasizes the spirituality of all mankind. The faith is moving around three core principle or doctrine on the basis of Baha’i teachings i.e. Unity of God; Unity of religion; and Unity of humanity. It was founded by the Bahaullah of Persia who was exiled by the Ottoman Empire for his teaching.
Meta-summary: The Baha’i belief is a monotheistic which emphasizes the spirituality of all mankind. It was founded by the Bahaullah of Persia who was exiled by the Ottoman Empire for his teaching.

Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) is a scientific and technical organisation in the Pacific region that works from 1947. It was formed under the Canberra Agreement by the Australia, France, New Zealand, Netherlands, United Kingdoms, and the United States (US).

OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID)

The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) was established in 1976 as a development finance institution by the Member States of OPEC. It was formed as a collective channel of aid to the developing countries.

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) established as international trade union on 7 December, 1949. It was established by the American Federation of Labour–Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO) of the United States and the Trades Union Congress of Great Britain.

Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) was formed in 1996 to replace the intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986. It is multi-national authority founded by east African Countries. I.E.  Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya.

European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) was established in 1973 as European Trade Union Organisation to represent workers of Europe. 90 National Trade Union Confederations from 39 European Countries, 10 European Industry federations and 60 million individual trade unionists comprises the present members of ETUC.

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen West African Countries which was founded on 28th May, 1975 with an objective to promote economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries.

Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)is an Economic Community of the African Nations formed in 1983  by the UDEAC members and the members of the Economic Community of the Great  Lakes States (CEPGL) (Burundi, Rwanda and the then Zaire) as well as Sao Tomé  and Principe.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU): Union for Arbitration of conflict

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) is an international organisation of parliament. It was established in 1889 with an aim for the arbitration of conflict.

International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC)

The International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) is an international forum that works on the crime prevention and community safety which established in 1994 by the government of Canada, France and Quebec.

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research: Autonomous Voluntarily Funded Institute of UN

The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) is an autonomous institute which voluntarily funded within the United Nations.  It was established in 1980 by the United Nations General Assembly to inform States and the global community on questions of international security, and to assist with disarmament.

World Confederation of Labour (WCL)

The World Confederation of Labour (WCL) was founded with very narrow vision as a confederation of trade union within the ambit of Europe and Latin America under the name of the International Federation of Christian Trade Unions in 1920.

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an inter-governmental organisation that work for the World’s free chemical weapons through the Chemical Weapons Conventions which enter into forced in 1997. Currently, it has 192 members State.

West African Development Bank: International Multilateral Development Bank

The West African Development Bank (BOAD) is an international Multilateral Development Bank founded in 1973 by the member countries of the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) to serve the funding priority development and economic integration activities in the West African Region.

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