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List of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

Apr 18, 2017 10:26 IST

The Janapadas and Mahajanapadas represent the state system of 600BC. The processes of emergence of Mahajanpadas were initiated by certain important economic changes and the consequent socio-political developments witnessed during the period. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas for better understanding of the ancient ruling style and monarchical condition.

 mahajanapadas

Source: www.facts-about-india.com

List of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

Janapadas & Mahajanapadas

Capital

Location

Anga

Champa

Modern districts of Monger and Bhagalpur in Bihar.

Magadha

Earlier Rajgriha, later Patliputra

Covered the modern districts of Patna, Gaya, and parts of Shahabad.

Malla

Capitals at Kusinara and Pawa

Covered the modern districts of Deoria, Basti, Gorakhpur and Siddarthnagar in eastern UP.

Vajji

Vaishali

Situated north of the river Ganga in Bihar.

Kosala

Sravasti

Covered modern day districts of Faziabad, Gonda, Bahraich of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Kashi

Varanasi

Located in the region around Varanasi (modern Banaras).

Chedi

Shuktimati

Covered present day Bundelkhand region.

Kuru

Indraprastha

Covered modern Haryana and Delhi.

Vatsa

Kaushambi

Covered modern districts Allahabad, Mirzapur.

Panchala

Ahichhatra(Uttara Panchala) and Kampilya( Dakshina Panchala)

Covered the area of present western UP up to the east of river Yamuna up to Kosala janapada.

Matsya

Viratanagara

Covered the areas of Alwar, Bhartpur and Jaipur in Rajasthan.

Sursena

Mathura

Covered the area around Mathura.

Avanti

Ujjaini and Mahishmati

 Covered the western India (modern Malawa).

Ashmaka

Potana

Situated in the southern part of the India between the rivers Narmada and Godavari.

Kamboja

Capital at Rajapura in modern-day Kashmir

Covered the area of Hindukush (modern Hazara districts of Pakistan)

Gandhara

Taxila

Covered the western part of Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan.

In the above list of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas symbolize amalgamation of a large number of rural and urban settlements, considered 16 in number in 600 BC, though different texts give different numbers.

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