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List of Major Active Volcanoes of the World

Mar 17, 2017 17:36 IST

Volcano is a landform at the end of a conduit or pipe which rises from below the crust and vents to the surface. Magma rises and collects in the magma chamber deep below, resulting in eruptions that are effusive or explosive forming the mountain landform. The volcanic eruptions are closely associated with sea-floor spreading, plate-tectonics and mountain building process. Here, we are giving the list of World’s Major Active Volcanoes of the World which can be used for academic purpose as well as preparing for competitive exams.

 Volcano

List of Major Active Volcanoes of the World

Volcano

Location & Height in metres

Date of Last Eruption

Popocatepet

Altiplano de Mexico &  5451

1920

Ana

Karakotoa , Indonesia & 155

1929

Mt. Cameroon

Monarch, Cameroon & 278

1959

Guallatiri

Andes, Chile & 6060

1960

Fuego

Sierra Madre , Guatemala &

1962

Surtsey

South-east-Iceland & 173

1963

Agung

Bali Island, Indonesia & 3142

1964

Tupungatiti

Andes, Chile & 5640

1964

Lascar

Andes , Chile & 5641

1968

Klyuchevskaya

Sredinny — Kherbet, USSR & 4850

1974

Frebus

Ross Island , Antarctica & 3795

1975

Sangay

Andes, Colombia & 5230

1976

Semru 

Java Indonesia & 3676

1976

Nyiragongo 

Virunga Zaire & 3470

1977

Purace 

Andes, Colombia & 4590

1977

Madna Loa 

Hawaii , USA & 4170

1978

Mt. Etna 

Sicily, Italy & 3308

1979

Ojos del Salado

Andes Argentina — Chile & 6885

1981

Navado del Ruiz

Andes, Colombia & 5400

1985

Mt. Unzen

Honshu Japan

1991

Mt. Mayon

Luzon Philippines

1991

Mt. Mayon

Luzon Philippines

1993

Mt. Eyjafjoell

Iceland

2010, 17th April

Most volcanic activity coincides with the active seismic regions of the world and is clearly associated with plate boundaries. Thus, there is a close relationship between the plate boundaries and the distribution of the volcanoes in the world. In fact, the volcanoes are concentrated along the plate margins.

List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world

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