Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. GK for Exams

List of some common man-made Polymers and their Uses

Dec 23, 2016 15:34 IST

Polymers are made up of various molecules which combine together to form long chains. Polymers usually have high melting and boiling points like PVC (poly vinyl chloride), polystyrene, cellulose. These simple molecules which bind to form polymers are known as monomers.

Jagranjosh

Source: www.images.flatworldknowledge.com

Monomers are the building blocks of more complex molecules, called polymers. Therefore, we can say that a monomer is a molecule that forms the basic unit for polymers and they bind with other monomers to form a repeated chain molecule. Like glucose, vinyl chloride, amino acids etc.

Characteristics of polymers are:

a) They are made, by addition or by condensation.

b) They are homopolymers or heteropolymers (co-polymers).

c) They are themoplastics, thermosets, elastomers or fibres.

d) Have steric structure.

List of important Synthetic fibres

List of Some common man-made Polymers and their Uses:

S. No.

Polymer

Use

1.

Polythene

Packaging, material, carry bags, bottles.

2.

Teflon

Nonstick Kitchen ware

3.

Polypropene

Bottles, Crates

4.

Melamine

Crockery

5.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

Pipes Insulation           

6.

Lexan

Bullet proof glass

7.

Vinyl rubber

Rubber erasers

8.

Bakelite

Electrical insulation buttons

9.

Polystyrene

Foam Thermocole

10.

Poly (Styrene butadiene)

Rubber bubble gum

11.

Nylon (Polyester)

Fibres, ropes

12.

Luminous Paints

Glow when exposed to light. They are applied on a surface to protect it from corrosion and weathering.

13.

Antimicrobial polymers (polymeric biocide)

The ability to inhibit the growth of microorganisms

14.

Antigen

Substance capable of stimulating formation of antibodies.

15.

Antipyretie

A substance used to lower body temperature.

16.

Pesticides

Used to kill animals

17.

Para-aramid fibre (Kevlar)

Manufacturing armour, sports and musical equipment. Used in the field of cryogenics.

18.

Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) (Orlon)

Used for making clothes and fabrics like sweaters, hats,rugs, etc

19.

Copolyamid (Technora)

Used for manufacturing optical fiber cables, drumheads, automotive industry, ropes, wire ropes and cables.

20.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)(Viton)

Viton B is used in chemical process plants and gaskets. As it depends upon the grade of the polymer.

We have seen the list of polymers with their uses.  But one question arises in my mind that how polymers are formed.

They are formed with the help of a process known as polymerization. It is the process of binding smaller monomers into the polymers by covalent bond. During polymerization, chemical groups are lost from the monomers so that they may join together. In the case of biopolymers of carbohydrates, this is a dehydration reaction in which water is formed.

Jagranjosh

Source: www.oecotextiles.files.wordpress.com

How Substances are formed

Post Comment
Suggested Colleges

Latest Videos

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • By clicking on Submit button, you agree to our terms of use
    ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

Newsletter Signup
Follow us on