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History of Music : Sanskritic Tradition

The music of India and its history are too complex to be described briefly. This brief introduction is intended to help those who are new to Indian classical music; with the hope that a foreknowledge of certain theoretical points may assist their appreciation.  

Recommended for : Music , Classical Music , History of Music

Post Mauryan Period: Sakas

Sakas were the Scythians, horse-riding nomadic pastoralists of ancient Iran

Recommended for : Sakas , Sanskrit , Mathura

अलबरूनी

अलबरुनी  का जन्म आधुनिक उज्बेकिस्तान में स्थित ख्व़ारिज्म में सन् 973 में हुआ था. वह फारस का एक प्रसिद्ध विद्वान था जोकि महमूद गज़नवी के भारत आक्रमण के दौरान उसके  साथ आया था.

Recommended for : अलबरुनी , फारस , गजनी , Alberuni , Arabi , Sanskrit

National Song

The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.

Recommended for : National Song , Vande Mataram , Freedom , Sanskrit , Inspiration

ईश्वरचंद विद्यासागर

सामाजिक सुधार आन्दोलन, जो देश के सभी भागों और सभी धर्मों तक विस्तृत था, वास्तव में धार्मिक सुधार आन्दोलन भी था| महान विद्वान और सुधारक विद्यासागर के विचारों में भारतीय और पश्चिमी मूल्यों का सुन्दर समन्वय था| वे उच्च नैतिक मूल्यों में विश्वास करते थे और निर्धनों के प्रति उदार भाव से सम्पन्न एक महान मानववादी विचारक थे| उनकी महान शिक्षाओं के लिए कलकत्ता के संस्कृत कॉलेज,जिसके वे कुछ वर्षों के लिए प्रिंसिपल रहे थे,ने उन्हें ‘विद्यासागर’ की उपाधि प्रदान की|

Recommended for : Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar , Western thought in the Sanskrit college

Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar

Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar was born in a poor Brahman family in 1820, and had a brilliant career as a student of Sanskrit. For his great learning, the Sanskrit College in Calcutta, of which he was the principal for a few years, conferred on him the title of ‘Vidyasagar’. His greatest contribution was to the cause of widow upliftment and girl education. He played a great role in the passing of the law which made the marriage of widows legal.

Recommended for : Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar , Western thought in the Sanskrit college

Languages Of India

The languages of India primarily belong to two major linguistic families, Indo-European (whose branch Indo-Aryan is spoken by about 74% of the population) and Dravidian (spoken by about 24%). Other languages spoken in India come from the Austro- Asiatic and Tibeto-Burmese linguistic families.

Recommended for : Languages of India , Primarily , Linguistic Families , Asiatic , Sanskrit And Tamil

Hindi Diwas

Hindi language is one of the oldest languages & obtains much of its academic terminology from the Sanskrit language & is written in Devanagari script.

Recommended for : Hindi , Hindi Diwas , Hindi Language

Social Reformer: Dayanand Saraswati

Dayanand Saraswati, a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language, he was the most important Hindu religious leader of his time.

Recommended for : Social Reformer , Dayanand Saraswati

Buddhist Scholars

The objectives of the Buddhist teaching were to secure the salvation of individual or nirvana. Buddhism made an important impact on the society by keeping its doors open to women and Shudras. Buddhism taught people not to take things for granted but to argue and judge them on merits. Buddhism promoted rationalism among peoples. The Buddhists created a new language Hybrid Sanskrit by mixing Pali with Sanskrit.

Recommended for : Buddhist Scholars , Nagarjuna the Buddhist scholar , Asanga and Vasubandhu

Kingdoms of Kashmir after Utpalas

Kashmir has a distinct history from the other states of India. Art work, unique temples and monuments were the main attractions. The Kashmir region also grew economically despite of harsh weather conditions. The famous tales of Panchtantra were written in 14th century. The Sanskrit language reached to a greater height. The people became highly qualified. This is the golden era in the Kashmir valley.

Recommended for : Rulers of the kingdom of Kashmir , Hindu rule in Kashmir , Lohara dynasty , Yashovati , Sugandha , Jaisimha

CLASSICAL INDIAN DANCE

The dance drama that still exists  today and can most closely be associated with the Sanskrit the atrical tradition is Kuchipudi which is also known as Bhagavata Mela Natakam. The actors sing and dance, and the style is a blend of folk and classical.

Recommended for : Classical Indian Dance , Folk and Classical , Bhagavata Mela Natakam , Sing and Dance

Buddhist Literature

During his lifetime the Buddha taught not in Vedic Sanskrit, which had become unintelligible to the people, but in his own Indian dialect; he also encouraged his monks to propagate his teachings in the vernacular. After his death, the Buddhist canon was formulated and transmitted by oral tradition, and it was written down in several versions in the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. Its main divisions, called Pitakas.

Recommended for : Buddhist Literature , Pitaka , Sutta Pitaka , Abhidhamma Pitaka , Vinaya Pitaka , Abhidhammapitaka , Jatak stories

Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born in a well-to-do family in Bengal, probably in 1772. He received his traditional Sanskrit learning at Banaras and Arabic and Persian learning at Patna. His greatest achievement in the field of religious reform was the setting up of the Brahmo Sabha in 1828 and the Brahmo Samaj was the first important organization of religious reforms. It forbade idol-worship and discarded meaningless rites and rituals.

Recommended for : Social Reforms , Raja Ram Mohan Roy , Brahama Samaj , Social Awakening

Advent of Aryans

People speaking Indo Aryan language came through North-western Mountains and got settled in the North West in Punjab and later in Gangatic plains. These were called as Aryans or Indo Aryans. They spoke Indo Iranian, Indo European or Sanskrit. Origin of Aryans is not clearly known, different scholars have different views on this point. It is said that Aryans lived in East of Alps (Eurasia), Central Asia, Arctic region, Germany, and Southern Russia.

Recommended for : History of Aryans , Advent of Aryans , Economic and Social life of Aryans

Vande Mataram (The National Song of India): Facts at a Glance

Mr. Bankimchandra wrote the song ‘Vande Mataram’ on 7th November, 1875. This song had been published in the novel ‘Anandmath’ by Bankimchandra. The vocabulary used in this song is influenced by Sanskrit. The said book contains information about the violent revolt of Sanyasis against injustice inflicted by Muslims and the British in Bengal in the year 1772. It was adopted on january 24, 1950, providing it equal status with national anthem. It was sung for the first time at the congress session of 1896.

Recommended for : information about Vande Mataram , information about The National Song of India , when was our national anthem first sung and where , national song and anthem of India , who wrote indian national song , national song of India , composer of national song of India , duration of national song , lndian national song

Social and Cultural Development during Rajput Dynasty

‘Rajput’ is derived from Sanskrit word ‘raj-putra’ which means “son of a king”. Rajput was identified for their courage, loyalty and royalty. They were the warriors who fought in the battles and took care of the administrating functions. The Rajput originated from western, eastern, northern India and some parts of Pakistan. Rajput has their prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until 20th century Rajput ruled in trounce majority in the princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra.

Recommended for : Social and Cultural Development during Rajput Dynasty , Art and architecture during Rajput era , Prithvi raj chauhan

Advent of Aryans in India

People speaking Indo Aryan language came through North-western Mountains and got settled in the North West in Punjab and later in Gangatic plains called as Aryans or Indo Aryans. They spoke Indo Iranian, Indo European or Sanskrit. It is said that Aryans lived in East of Alps (Eurasia), Central Asia, Arctic region, Germany, and Southern Russia. Aryans settled in India in Early Vedic Period. This is referred as Saptasindhu or the land of seven rivers; Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Indus and Saraswati.

Recommended for : Advent of Aryans in India , History of Aryans , Emergence of Aryans

The Origin of Rajputs

‘Rajput’ is derivative of a Sanskrit word raj-putra which means “son of a king”. Rajput were recognized for their bravery, faithfulness and royalty. They were the warriors who fought in the battles and took care of the governing functions. The Rajput originated from western, eastern, northern India and from some parts of Pakistan. Rajput enjoyed their eminence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until 20th century Rajput ruled in trounce majority in the princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra.

Recommended for : The Origin of Rajputs , The Rajputas , The Rulers of 6th to 12th century , Rajputs of Rajasthan

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