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South America: Fact at a Glance

South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent contains the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes, and the driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile.

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North America: Fact at a Glance

North America is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.

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दक्षिण अमेरिका : एक नजर में

दक्षिण अमेरिका पश्चिमी गोलार्ध (Hemisphere) में स्थित महाद्वीप है जो पूर्व में अटलांटिक महासागर, पश्चिम में प्रशांत महासागर, दक्षिण में दक्षिणी महासागर और उत्तर में कैरिबियन सागर से घिरा हुआ है | इसका अधिकांश दक्षिणी गोलार्ध में स्थित है और केवल थोडा सा भाग ही उत्तरी गोलार्ध में पड़ता है | दक्षिण अमेरिका एक संकरे स्थलभाग (पनामा स्थलसंधि) के सहारे उत्तर अमेरिका से जुड़ा हुआ है |

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Uruguay, on the east coast of South America south of Brazil and east of Argentina. The country consists of a low, rolling plain in the south and a low plateau in the north.

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Paraguay is surrounded by Brazil, Bolivia, and Argentina in south-central South America. Eastern Paraguay, between the Paraná and Paraguay rivers, is upland country with the thickest population settled on the grassy slope that inclines toward the Paraguay River.

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Peru, in western South America, extends for nearly 2,414 km along the Pacific Ocean. Colombia and Ecuador are to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south.

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Brazil covers nearly half of South America and is the continent’s largest nation. It extends 4,772 km north-south, 4,331 km east-west, and borders every nation on the continent except Chile and Ecuador. 

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Ecuador, is in the northwest part of South America fronting on the Pacific. To the north is Colombia and to the east and south is Peru. Two high and parallel ranges of the Andes, traversing the country from north to south, are topped by tall volcanic peaks.

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Tribes and Races in the World

About 90% of the world's population lives in the  northern hemisphere of which about 60% lives in Asia  alone; and 30% lives in the temperate latitudes (mainly  Europe) and barely 1 % lives beyond 600 north.  Asia is the most densely populated continent in the world followed by Europe (including Russia), South America and North America.

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Belize is situated on the Caribbean Sea, south of Mexico and east and north of Guatemala in Central America. Most of the country is heavily forested with various hardwoods.

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Guyana is situated on the northern coast of South America east of Venezuela, west of Suriname, and north of Brazil. A tropical forest covers more than 80% of the country.

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Suriname lies on the northeast coast of South America, with Guyana to the west, French Guiana to the east, and Brazil to the south. The principal rivers are the Corantijn on the Guyana border, the Marowijne in the east, and the Suriname, on which the capital city of Paramaribo is situated.

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Venezuela, occupies most of the northern coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. Mountain systems break Venezuela into four distinct areas: (1) the Maracaibo lowlands; (2) the mountainous region in the north and northwest; (3) the Orinoco basin, with the llanos (vast grass-covered plains) on its northern border and great forest areas in the south and southeast; and (4) the Guiana Highlands, south of the Orinoco, accounting for nearly half the national territory.

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Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. The northern area is the swampy and partly wooded Gran Chaco, bordering on Bolivia and Paraguay.

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