NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Acids, Bases and Salts: For all those students who are seeking accurate and reliable solutions for all NCERT questions for Class 10 Science, here are the best-explained NCERT solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 2. All these model solutions have been prepared by the subject experts. These solutions will help you learn the right technique to solve NCERT questions and write perfect answers in exams. All the solutions have been created according to the CBSE marking scheme.
Some prominent features of Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions are:
- Each solution is framed in a way to involve the key concept.
- Solutions have been rechecked/ revised by subject experts.
- Each solution is strictly according to the guidelines followed in CBSE marking scheme for board exams.
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24||CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2023-24|
Check NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases and Salts below:
Question1: You have been provided with three test tubes. One of them contains distilled water and the other two contain an acidic solution and a basic solution, respectively. If you are given only red litmus paper, how will you identify the contents of each test tube?
Solution: Basic solution changes the colour of red litmus paper to blue. Acid and other neutral compounds have no effect on red litmus. Thus, basic solution can be easily identified.
Let us take three test tubes as A, B, and C. A drop of the solution in A is put on the red litmus paper. Same is repeated with solutions B and C. If either of them changes colour of red litmus to blue, then it is basic. Thus, we can identify basic solution. Now, we are left with two solutions. Now a drop of basic solution is mixed with a drop of each of the remaining two solutions separately and then the nature of the drops of the mixtures is checked. If the colour of red litmus turns blue, then the second solution is neutral and if there is no change in colour, then the second solution is acidic. This is because acidic and basic solutions neutralize each other. Hence, we can distinguish between the three types of solutions.
Question 2: Why should curd and sour substances not be kept in brass and copper vessels?
Solution: Curd and sour substances are acidic in nature. If we keep them in brass and copper vessels, metal of their container reacts with the acid and liberates hydrogen gas and harmful products. This results in spoiling of food.
Question 3: Which gas is usually liberated when an acid reacts with a metal? Illustrate with an example. How will you test for the presence of this gas?
Solution: Hydrogen gas is usually liberated when an acid reacts with a metal. For example, if we allow zinc granules to react with dilute H2SO4 and pass the gas produced into a soap solution then bubbles of the soap solution are formed. These soap bubbles contain hydrogen gas.
H2SO4 + Zn → ZnSO4 + H2 (g)
We can test the evolved gas by its burning with a pop sound when a candle is brought near the soap bubbles.
Question 3: Metal compound A reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to produce effervescence. The gas evolved extinguishes a burning candle. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction if one of the compounds formed is calcium chloride.
Solution: Metal compound A is calcium carbonate.
CaCO3 + 2HCl → CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O
Question 4: Why do HCl, HNO3, ...., etc., show acidic characters in aqueous solutions while solutions of compounds like alcohol and glucose do not show acidic character?
Solution: The dissociation of HCl or HNO3 to form hydrogen ions always occurs in the presence of water.
HCl → H+ + Cl−
H+ + H2O → H3O+
Aqueous solutions of glucose and alcohol contain hydrogen atoms but they cannot dissociate hydrogen in water. Thus, they do not form hydrogen ions. Hence, they do not show acidic character.
Question 5: Why does an aqueous solution of acid conduct electricity?
Solution: Acidic compounds dissociate in aqueous solutions to form ions. The ions so formed are responsible for conduction of electricity.
Question 6: Why does dry HCl gas not change the colour of the dry litmus paper?
Solution: We know that colour of the litmus paper is changed by the hydrogen ions and hydrogen ions can be generated in aqueous solution only. Dry HCl gas does not contain H+ ions. Therefore, the colour of the litmus paper does not change.
Question 7: While diluting an acid why is it recommended that the acid should be added to water and not water to the acid?
Solution: The process of dissolving an acid into water is exothermic. Thus, acid should be added to water. If we add water to acid, it can be dangerous as it is possible that because of the large amount of heat generated, the mixture splashes out and causes burns.
Question 8: How is the concentration of hydronium ions affected when a solution of an acid is diluted?
Solution: When an acid is diluted, the concentration of hydronium ions per unit volume decreases. Hence, we can say that strength of the acid decreases.
Question 9: How is the concentration of hydroxide ions affected when excess base is dissolved in a solution of sodium hydroxide?
Solution: The concentration of hydroxide ions would increase when excess base is dissolved in a solution of sodium hydroxide
Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science chapter – Acids, Bases and Salts, in the form of PDF below:
Also, use the following resources for revision purpose and practise of important questions for CBSE Class 10 Board Exam 2024:
Before solving the questions given in the Class 10 Science NCERT chapter- Acids, Bases and Salts, students should thoroughly read this chapter to grasp all the concepts explained in it. This will help you understand the problem discussed in a question and then come up with an appropriate answer.
Main topics discussed in this chapter are:
→ Chemical properties of acids and bases
→ Acids and bases in the laboratory
→ Strength of acid or base solutions
→ Importance of pH in everyday life
→ Details of different salts
- Family of salts
- pH of salts
→ Chemicals from common salt
→ Basic details about crystals
Find below the link to download the complete NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter- Acids, Bases and Salts:
Check NCERT Books and NCERT Solutions from Class 4 to Class 12
We at Jagran Josh, provide the latest version of NCERT Books and NCERT solutions for all major subjects in class 4 to class 12. All the solutions have been prepared by the subject experts and are provided with detailed and appropriate explanations. Students must check these Free NCERT solutions to know the perfect answers for all questions given in NCERT books.
NCERT Solutions for Class 4 Maths
NCERT Book for Class 7 Science
Keep visiting Jagran Josh to get latest updates and reliable study material for preparations of all school and board examinations.