# CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2019-20

CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus for the new academic session, 2019-20, is available here. Download the latest CBSE syllabus to starts with the new session.

Apr 16, 2019 09:26 IST
CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019

CBSE has released the syllabus for the academic session 2019-20. We are providing here the latest syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Maths. Students may download the complete syllabus in PDF and refer the same when required.

CBSE syllabus for class 10 Maths gives details of topics and lessons to be prepared throughout the year. It also mentions the unit-wise weightage and question paper design for the 2020 examinations. Board has also made significant changes in the question paper structure with inclusion of multiple choice questions for the annual board examination. Thus, students are advised to thoroughly go through the CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus before they start studying for the new session. It will be quite helpful to structure your study plan and work in a productive way.

Contents of CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus 2019-20:

• Unit-wise weightage
• Prescribed topics and sub topics in each unit
• Question paper design for the annual board examination
• Components of Internal Assessment
• Prescribed books

Find below the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics:

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Unit-Wise Weightage

 Units Unit Name Marks I NUMBER SYSTEMS 06 II ALGEBRA 20 III COORDINATE GEOMETRY 06 IV GEOMETRY 15 V TRIGONOMETRY 12 VI MENSURATION 10 VII STATISTICS & PROBABILTY 11 Total 80

CBSE Class 10 Maths Question Paper 2019

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Course Structure:

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS

1. Real Numbers  (15 Periods)

Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after  reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality of Decimal representation of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.

UNIT II: ALGEBRA

1. Polynomials  (7 Periods)

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

2. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables (15 Periods)

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency.

Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple situational problems. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.

Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.

Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

4. Arithmetic Progressions (8 Periods)

Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of an A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.

UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1. Lines (In two-dimensions) (14 Periods)

Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.

UNIT IV: GEOMETRY

1. Triangles (15 Periods)

Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.

3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.

8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right angle.

2. Circles (8 Periods)

Tangent to a circle at, point of contact.

1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

3. Constructions (8 Periods)

1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).

2. Tangents to a circle from a point outside it.

3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.

UNIT V: TRIGONOMETRY

1. Introduction to Trigonometry (10 Periods)

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30o, 45o and 60o. Relationships between the ratios.

2. Trigonometric Identities (15 Periods)

Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

3.  Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. (8 Periods)

Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30o, 45o, 60o.

NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Maths: All Chapters

UNIT VI: MENSURATION

1. Areas Related to Circles (12 Periods)

Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.)

2. Surface Areas and Volumes (12 Periods)

1. Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

2. Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different solids be taken).

UNIT VII: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

1. Statistics (18 Periods)

Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

2. Probability (10 Periods)

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation).

NCERT Exemplar Problems and Solutions Class 10 Maths: All Chapters

MATHEMATICS-Standard
Code (041)
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN
CLASS – X (2019-20)
Time : 3 Hours                                                                                                       Max. Marks: 80

 Internal Assessment 20 Marks Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5) 10 Marks Portfolio 05 Marks Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books) 05 Marks

PRESCRIBED BOOKS:

 1. Mathematics - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication 2. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class X - CBSE Publication 3. Laboratory Manual - Mathematics, secondary stage - NCERT Publication 4. Mathematics exemplar problems for class X, NCERT publication.

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