CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2019-2020

CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus for academic session, 2019-2020 is available here. Download the latest CBSE syllabus to know the new course structure for class 10 and study in accordance with the same to perform well in upcoming half-yearly and board exams.

Sep 17, 2019 17:24 IST
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CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019
CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019

Check latest CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus to know topics prescribed by board for academic session 2019-2020. Students are advised to refer the latest CBSE syllabus while for their internal exams like half-yearly and pre-board examinations.

Contents of CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus 2019-2020 are:

  • Unit-wise weightage
  • Prescribed topics and sub topics in each unit
  • Question paper design for the annual board examination
  • Components of Internal Assessment
  • Prescribed books

CBSE has introduced certain changes in the Maths question paper structure for board exam 2020. About 25% of the questions will be multiple choice type questions carrying 1 mark each. Students are advised to thoroughly go through the latest syllabus to familiarise these changes. It will be quite helpful to structure your study plan and work in a productive way.

Find below the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics:

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Unit-Wise Weightage


Unit Name


























CBSE Class 10 Maths Question Paper 2019

CBSE Class 10 Maths Marking Scheme 2019

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Course Structure:


1. Real Numbers  (15 Periods)

Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after  reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality ofsquare root, irrationality of square roots, class 10 real numbers maths rootDecimal representation of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.

List of Books Recommended by Jagran Josh Experts (With Download Links)

NCERT Exemplar for Class 10 Maths (With Solutions)

**Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10 by V. Aggarwal R.S. Aggarwal

NCERT Textbooks for Class 10 Maths (With Solutions)

RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 10 (2019-2020 Session)


1. Polynomials  (7 Periods)

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.



2. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables (15 Periods)

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency.

Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple situational problems. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.

3. Quadratic Equations (15 Periods)

Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.

Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

4. Arithmetic Progressions (8 Periods)

Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of an A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.

CBSE Class 10 Maths NCERT Book





1. Lines (In two-dimensions) (14 Periods)

Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.


1. Triangles (15 Periods)

Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.

3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.

8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right angle.


2. Circles (8 Periods)

 Tangent to a circle at, point of contact.

1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

3. Constructions (8 Periods)

1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).

2. Tangents to a circle from a point outside it.

3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.


1. Introduction to Trigonometry (10 Periods)

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30o, 45o and 60o. Relationships between the ratios.

2. Trigonometric Identities (15 Periods)

 Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

3.  Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. (8 Periods)

Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30o, 45o, 60o.

NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Maths: All Chapters


1. Areas Related to Circles (12 Periods)

 Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.)

2. Surface Areas and Volumes (12 Periods)

1. Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

2. Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different solids be taken).


1. Statistics (18 Periods)

Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

2. Probability (10 Periods)

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation).

NCERT Exemplar Problems and Solutions Class 10 Maths: All Chapters

Code (041)
CLASS – X (2019-20)
Time : 3 Hours                                                                                                       Max. Marks: 80

cbse maths syllabus

Internal Assessment

20 Marks

Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5)      

10 Marks


05 Marks

Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books)

05 Marks


1. Mathematics - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication

2. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class X - CBSE Publication

3. Laboratory Manual - Mathematics, secondary stage - NCERT Publication

4. Mathematics exemplar problems for class X, NCERT publication.

Download CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2019-20 From This Link


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