# CBSE 10th Maths Important MCQs from Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progression with Solutions

Class 10 Mathematics MCQs on Chapter 5 - Arithmetic Progression are provided here to prepare for the CBSE Board Exam 2021-2022.

Created On: Jul 7, 2021 18:18 IST
CBSE Class 10 Maths MCQs Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progression

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on Arithmetic Progression of CBSE Class 10 Maths are provided here with answers and their explanation. These questions are good to prepare for the CBSE Term-I Board Exam that will include only the objective type questions. Answers to all questions have been provided with detailed explanations.

Check below the solved MCQs from Class 10 Maths Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progression:

1. In an AP, if d = –4, n = 7, an = 4, then a is

(A) 6

(B) 7

(C) 20

(D) 28

Explanation:

For an A.P

an = a + (n – 1)d

4 = a + (7 – 1)( −4)

4 = a + 6(−4)

4 + 24 = a

a = 28

2. In an AP, if a = 3.5, d = 0, n = 101, then an will be

(A) 0

(B) 3.5

(C) 103.5

(D) 104.5

Explanation:

For an A.P

an = a + (n – 1)d

= 3.5 + (101 – 1) × 0

= 3.5

3. The first four terms of an AP, whose first term is –2 and the common difference is –2, are

(A) – 2, 0, 2, 4

(B) – 2, 4, – 8, 16

(C) – 2, – 4, – 6, – 8

(D) – 2, – 4, – 8, –16

Explanation:

Let the first four terms of an A.P are a, a+d, a+2d and a+3d

Given that the first termis −2 and difference is also −2, then the A.P would be:

– 2, (–2–2), [–2 + 2 (–2)], [–2 + 3(–2)]

= –2, –4, –6, –8

4. The famous mathematician associated with finding the sum of the first 100 natural numbers is

(A) Pythagoras

(B) Newton

(C) Gauss

(D) Euclid

Explanation:

Gauss is the famous mathematician associated with finding the sum of the first 100 natural Numbers.

(A) –20

(B) 20

(C) –30

(D) 30

Explanation:

6. The 21st term of the AP whose first two terms are –3 and 4 is

(A) 17

(B) 137

(C) 143

(D) –143

Explanation:

First two terms are –3 and 4

Therefore,

a = −3

a + d = 4

⇒ d = 4 − a

⇒ d = 4 + 3

⇒ d = 7

Thus,

a21 = a + (21 – 1)d

a21 = –3 + (20)7

a21 = 137

7. If the 2nd term of an AP is 13 and the 5th term is 25, what is its 7th term?

(A) 30

(B) 33

(C) 37

(D) 38

Explanation:

Since

a2 = 13

a5 = 25

⇒ a + d = 13              ….(i)

⇒ a + 4d = 25           ….(ii)

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we get:

a = 9; d = 4

Therefore,

a7 = 9 + 6 × 4

a7 = 9 + 24

a7 = 33

8. If the common difference of an AP is 5, then what is a18 – a13?

(A) 5

(B) 20

(C) 25

(D) 30

Explanation:

Since, d = 5

a18 – a13 = a + 17d – a – 12d

= 5d

= 5 × 5

= 25

9. The sum of first 16 terms of the AP: 10, 6, 2,... is

(A) –320

(B) 320

(C) –352

(D) –400

Given A.P. is 10, 6, 2,...

10. The sum of first five multiples of 3 is

(A) 45

(B) 55

(C) 65

(D) 75

Explanation:

The first five multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15

11. The middle most term (s) of the AP:–11, –7, –3, ..., 49 is:

(A) 18, 20

(B) 19, 23

(C) 17, 21

(D) 23, 25

Explanation:

Here, a = −11

d = − 7 – (−11) = 4

And an = 49

We have,

an = a + (n – 1)d

⇒ 49 = −11 + (n – 1)4

⇒ 60 = (n – 1)4

⇒ n = 16

As n is an even number, there will be two middle terms which are16/2th and [(16/2)+1]th, i.e. the 8th term and the 9th term.

a8 = a + 7d = – 11 + 7 × 4 = 17

a9 = a + 8d = – 11 + 8 × 4 = 21

12. Two APs have the same common difference. The first term of one of these is –1 and that of the other is – 8. Then the difference between their 4th terms is

(A) –1

(B) – 8

(C) 7

(D) –9

Explanation:

The 4th term of first series is

a4 = a1 + 3d

The 4th term of another series is

a`4 = a2 + 3d

Now,

As, a1 = –1, a2 = –8

Therefore,

a4 – a`4 = (–1 + 3d) – (–8 + 3d)

a4 – a`4 = 7

13. If 7 times the 7th term of an AP is equal to 11 times its 11th term, then its 18th term will be

(A) 7

(B) 11

(C) 18

(D) 0

Explanation:

According to question

7(a + 6d) = 11(a + 10d)

⇒ 7a + 42d = 11a + 110d

⇒ 4a + 68d = 0

⇒ 4(a + 17d) = 0

⇒ a + 17d = 0

Therefore,

a18 = a + 17d

a18 = 0

14. In an AP if a = 1, an = 20 and Sn = 399, then n is

(A) 19

(B) 21

(C) 38

(D) 42

Explanation:

15. If the numbers n – 2, 4n – 1 and 5n +2 are in AP, then the value of n is:

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) − 1

(D) − 2

Explanation:

Let

a = n – 2

b = 4n – 1

c = 5n + 2

Since the terms are in A.P,

Therefore,

2b = a + c

⇒ 2 (4n – 1) = n – 2 + 5n + 2

⇒ 8n – 2 = 6n

⇒ 2n = 2

⇒ n = 1

Also check: CBSE Class 10 Maths MCQs - All Chapters

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