CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019 - 20

Students of CBSE Class 12 having Geography as one of their subjects can check the latest CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019-20. One can also download this syllabus in PDF format from here.

May 22, 2019 17:56 IST
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CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus
CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus

Learn CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019-20 & download it is PDF format. Link to download CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Geography subject is given at the end of this article. In this article, you will also get complete details about the practical work of CBSE Class 12 Geography. Details about recommended books for Geography subject are also available here. The important portion of CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus is given below

One Theory Paper (70 Marks): 3 Hours

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019-20

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (90 Periods)

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope (05 Periods)

Unit 2: People (18 Periods)

•Population-distribution, density and growth

• Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change

• Population Composition - age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition

• Human development - concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2019-20: All Subjects

Unit 3: Human Activities (28 Periods)

• Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities - some examples from selected countries

• Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types - household, small scale, large scale; agro based and mineral based industries; people engaged in secondary activities - some examples from selected countries

• Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries

• Quatenary activities-concept; people engaged in quatenary activities - case study from selected countries

Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade (24 Periods)

• Land transport - roads, railways; trans-continental railways

• Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes

• Air transport- Intercontinental air routes

• Oil and gas pipelines

• Satellite communication and cyber space- importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS

• International trade- bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade; role of WTO in international trade

Unit 5: Human Settlements (10 Periods)

• Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries

Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline Physical/Political map of World. (05 Periods)

Part B: India: People and Economy (90 Periods)

Unit 6: People (15 Periods)

• Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population - linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population

• Migration: international, national-causes and consequences

• Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns

• Population, environment and development

Unit 7: Human Settlements (10 Periods)

• Rural settlements - types and distribution

• Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification

Unit 8: Resources and Development (30 Periods)

• Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use; geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber); agricultural development and problems

• Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management

• Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation

• Industries - types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location; industrial clusters

• Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study)

Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade (15 Periods)

Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines;

Geographical information and communication net works.

• International trade- changing pattern of India's foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems (15 Periods)

• Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal

• Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums

• Land degradation

Map work on locating and labelling of features based on above units on outline map of India. (50 Periods)

Part C: Practical Work (40 Periods)

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping (25 Periods)

• Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources

• Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency

• Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleths maps

• Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers

Unit 2: Field Study or Spatial Information Technology (15 Periods)

Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch; survey on any one of the local concerns; pollution, ground water changes, land use and land-use changes, poverty, energy issues, soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market survey and Household survey (any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study; observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data collection; collected data may be tabulated and analyzed with diagrams and maps). Students can be given different topics to get more insight into various problems of society.


Spatial Information Technology

Introduction to GIS; hardware requirements and software modules; data formats; raster and vector data, data input, editing and topology building; data analysis; overlay and buffer.

Prescribed Books for CBSE Class 12 Geography:

• Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT

• India - People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT

• Practical Work in Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT

For details about map work in CBSE Class 12 Geography, download the PDF from the link given below

Download CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2019-20 in PDF format

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