CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) is conducted by Government of India to improve the teachings standards in India. This exam in based on National Curriculum Network framework, which is created for proposing changes & updates to the NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education). Candidates, who possess the professional qualifications such as B.T.C. (D.El.Ed), B.Ed., and B.El.Ed., are eligible to take this test. A candidate must attain at least 60% marks to qualify the CTET exam.
CTET Paper-I and Paper-II exams has the following five subjects. Most of the subjects are common in both papers. These subjects are as follow-
- Child Development & Pedagogy
- Environmental Studies (Social Studies / Social Sciences in case of Paper-II)
In CTET exam, child development & pedagogy is a separate section. But, the syllabus of Child development is different from the pedagogy. The Pedagogy as a subject contains the following topics-
- How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
- Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
- Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
- Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
- Cognition & Emotions
- Motivation and learning
- Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental
In this article, we will discuss various preparation tips in detail for pedagogy section in order to score high marks in CTET exam. Let us understand these tips in the following article-
CTET Exam Preparation Tips: Pedagogy
Preparing for pedagogy is very simple and pragmatic. Pedagogy focuses on the growth of learners (How learner grasps things). Adhering to the following tips, you can surely ace this section in the exam.
Pedagogy is all about understanding the learner’s characteristics. Reading too many books cannot help you in attempting the pedagogy’s questions correctly. For this, you should analyze the following things initially by putting yourself into the learner/child’s shoes-
- What is the thought & learning process of child?
- What are constraints in child’s learning?
- What motivates and demotivates a child?
- What are factors are responsible for child’s personal development? and so on.
To find the answers of such questions, you should perform the Gap analysis and 5 W’s (what, why, when, where, and who) & 1 H (How) analysis. Seeking the answers to such questions at your own efforts and intuition will make you feel confident. With such analysis, you can answer most of the questions very easily in the CTET exam. Hence, understanding a child is a very important and mandatory step during the preparation of pedagogy section.
Pedagogical Approaches & Considerations
To qualify CTET exam, you must be familiar with the several pedagogical approaches & considerations, which are used for teaching a child effectively. These approaches & considerations focus on the child motivation, their attention and removal of learning barrier. Few widely exercised pedagogical approaches & considerations are given below-
Learning mode (Distance, online, etc.)
Hence, you must have the detailed knowledge of the above-stated topics because all questions in this section are framed around these approaches & considerations.
Reading research papers
As a teacher or as a CTET aspirant, you must develop a habit of reading various research papers on pedagogy & related subjects. These papers will definitely prove helpful in the CTET exam and in the future teaching assignments as well. Research papers on this section focus on the effective pedagogies. Please find the websites where you can find the relevant research papers to study on pedagogy-
To qualify this exam, we advise you to only refer the relevant books designed for the CTET exam. However, there are various books available in the market on CTET exam. But, you should choose only those books, which contains accurate study material relevant to the CTET syllabus. Books also play an important role in CTET preparation because preparing from random books or other study materials is not going to help you in scoring high marks in CTET exam.
If you have prepared & practiced well and confident enough to get succeed in CTET exam, then you should also go through the standard writer’s books for more clarity & in-depth knowledge. Few books for the preparation of CTET pedagogy section are given below-
- Child Development & Pedagogy for CTET & STET (Paper 1 & 2) 2nd Edition- Disha Publications
- Teaching Aptitude & Teaching Attitude: For All Teachers Recruitment Examinations- RPH Editorial Board
- A Complete Resource for CTET: Child Development and Pedagogy- Pearson Publication
Previous year papers
It is advised that you should practice at least last 5 year’s question papers. Previous year papers are very helpful in gaining insights of the CTET exam including the difficulty level of questions, types of questions, and their proportion in the CTET exam. Practicing these papers, you can also analyze the gap in your gained knowledge before the exam. This observation will give you a rough estimation of the efforts required to fill this gap and help you to perform excellently in the exam. Previous year papers also assist you in developing the revision plan, which is very helpful in establishing the concepts in your mind. Hence, do not underestimate the importance of the previous year papers. There are various sources available online and offline, where you can find the previous year papers. Few of them are given below-
- CTET & TETs Previous Year' Solved Papers class I-V Paper-I- Arihant Publications
- CTET & TETs Previous Year' Solved papers Mathematics & Science Class VI-VIII- Arihant Publications
Except these sources, you can also find previous year papers through the following link-
Online test series
You are advised to practice online test series during the last phase of the CTET exam preparation. There are various online platforms, where you will find free and paid quizzes. Online test series let you know about your problem-solving speed and grip on the concepts. These benefits can be seen only by availing these quizzes. We advise you to take this step very seriously. In addition to this, there are numerous websites offering online quizzes at affordable prices and you can also find the relevant and useful quizzes from the following links-
- Online test series by jagranjosh.com
- CTET online prep
If you found the above information on “CTET 2019: How to prepare for the Pedagogy section” useful, then visit our CTET webpage for more such updates.