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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 22 March 2017

Mar 22, 2017 16:23 IST

current affairs 22 March

Current affair is the most vital part of IAS prelims as well as IAS mains exam. Current affairs section should be entirely prepared as it is considered as the most important and difficult section of the IAS Exam. Here, we cover important issues from the most authentic sources like the Hindu and Press Trust of India.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 21 March 2017

We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. The National Green Tribunal has suspended the Environmental Clearance (EC) granted to the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO). Consider the following statements regarding the Environment clearance in India:

1) The guideline is that if any project falls within 5 km from an inter-State boundary or within a notified national park or a sanctuary has to be considered a category ‘A’ project.

2) The Tribunal found that the Mathikettan Shola National Park was just about 4.9 km from the proposed project site making it a Category ‘A’ project.

3) For category ‘B’ project, an Environmental Impact Assessment is necessary.

Which of the above statements is correct?

a. 1 and 3
b. 2 and 1
c. 3 and 2
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

Under the guidelines laid down by the Environment Ministry, any project that falls within 5 km from an inter-State boundary or within a notified national park or a sanctuary has to be considered a Category ‘A’ project that involves a number of processes before an EC is granted. In this case, the MoEF had called it a Category ‘B’ project, for which an Environmental Impact Assessment is not necessary, but the department processed it as an additional measure.

The Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal has suspended the Environmental Clearance (EC) granted to the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) that was to come up in Theni and asked the project proponent to make a fresh application.

The Tribunal found that the Mathikettan Shola National Park in Idukki district of Kerala was just about 4.9 km from the proposed project site and the Tamil Nadu-Kerala border was just a kilometre away, making it a Category ‘A’ project. Since the proposed project is near a national park, the INO has also been asked to get clearance from the National Board for Wildlife.

Current Affairs Quizzes of February 2017

2. By unravelling the science behind ancient herbal ink ‘mahi’, researchers are planning to recreate the lost techniques of manuscript writing. With which Indian state this ink is associated?

a. West Bengal
b. Tamil Naidu
c. Assam
d. All of the above

Answer: c

Explanation:

‘Mahi’ was used in early and medieval Assam for writing on ‘sancipat’ manuscripts that are the folios made of the bark of the sanci tree. The endurance of the ink is proven by the stability of sancipat manuscripts. The key factor for this long-lasting marriage between ‘mahi’ and ‘sancipat’ is the herbal concoction’s resistance to aerial oxidation and fungal attacks.

By unravelling the science behind Assam’s ancient herbal ink ‘mahi’, researchers are planning to recreate the lost techniques of manuscript writing. They say their efforts could boost heritage tourism.

The technique involves extracting ‘mahi’ using cow urine from a cocktail of fruit pulp and tree bark such as haritaki, amla, bibhitakhi or bhomora, mango and jamun — often infused with the blood of eels or catfish. Rust from iron tools or nails was added for an intense black hue.

3. Recently, the Ministry of Defence has formulated a separate Defence Export Strategy to give impetus to defence exports. Consider the following statements regarding the Defence Export Policy:

I. All exports including defence exports are covered under the Export and Import (EXIM) Policy issued by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).

II. India's Export-Import Policy aims at developing export potential, improving export performance, encouraging foreign trade and creating a favourable balance of payments position.

III. The Exim Policy is a set of guidelines and instructions recognised by the DGFT in matters related to the import and export of goods in India.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation:

All exports including defence exports are covered under the Export and Import (EXIM) Policy issued by Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).  However, Ministry of Defence has formulated a separate Defence Export Strategy to give a fillip to defence exports.  The strategy includes the creation of an Export Promotion Body, engaging Indian Missions / Embassies abroad in export promotion, export financing through Line of Credit etc., better use of offset policy, export of indigenously developed defence systems and streamlining of the export regulation processes.

EXIM Policy in India comprises of various policies related decisions taken by the government in the sphere of Foreign Trade, i.e., with respect to imports and exports from the country and more especially export promotion measures, policies and procedures related thereto. Trade Policy is prepared and announced by the Central Government (Ministry of Commerce).

India's Export-Import Policy also know as Foreign Trade Policy, in general, aims at developing export potential, improving export performance, encouraging foreign trade and creating a favourable balance of payments position.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

4. A recent report states that West Bengal has the highest number of arsenic-affected people in the country. Consider the following statements regarding the arsenic level in drinking water in India:

1) The WHO’s guideline for drinking water quality has given a permissible limit of arsenic in groundwater to be about 0.01 mg per litre.

2) In India, the permissible limit of arsenic, in drinking water has been increased from .01 mg per litre to .05 mg per litre.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a

Explanation:

According the report tabled in the Lok Sabha for Drinking Water and Sanitation, West Bengal topped the list with more than 1.04 crore arsenic-affected persons as on March 4, 2017. Bihar comes second with 16.88 lakh persons, with Assam in third spot with 14.48 lakh victims. The total number of arsenic-affected people in the country is about 1.48 crore.

According to the WHO’s guidelines for drinking water quality (2011), the permissible limit of Arsenic in groundwater is .01 mg per litre. However, in India the permissible limit in drinking water has recently been revised from .05 mg per litre to .01 mg per litre.

5. Recently, under the USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme, many trainees have been allocated to various Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs). Consider the following statements regarding the USTTAD scheme:

I. The Scheme aims at upgrading Skills and Training of minority communities by preservation of traditional ancestral Arts and Crafts.

II. Under the scheme, assistance will be provided to traditional artisans to sell their products in order to make them more compatible with modern markets.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only I
b. Only II
c. Both I and II
d. Neither I nor II

Answer: c

Explanation:

Under the USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme, 16200 trainees have been allocated to various Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).

As regards Hunar Se Rozgar scheme, total 13616 people got employment during the year 2015-16. The USTTAD scheme is for all areas of the country from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat. This scheme appeals to those artisans engaged in traditional arts/crafts.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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