Engineering - Why? Where? & Careers
After finishing PCM group in Intermediate the most popular higher education choice seems to be Engineering for many students these days taking into account wide career prospects later on nationally and internationally.
After finishing PCM group in Intermediate the most popular higher education choice seems to be Engineering for many students these days taking into account wide career prospects later on nationally and internationally. Expectations that economy growth in third world countries will be high in the next few years, has put countries like India on radar of world economy boosting huge investments in India, from MNCs’ across the world.
However, it is very natural that Engineering graduates will be the first to take advantage of this emerging trend as Engineers are most sought after candidates as freshers’ for any organization. As it is believed that Engineering curriculum prepares a person to build critical skills in analytical thinking, logical thinking along with problem solving attitude which are prerequisites to excel in any profession.
Which brings us to important questions like What type of curriculum is good? What Streams of Engineering are good? What to look for in an Engineering College? How are college placements important?
While it is believed in general Engineering curriculum is extensive and provides students with necessary prerequisite learning to land a job and excel in it, it is also not entirely black and white. There are many Universities and Colleges that still offer old curriculum which becomes a huge problem for the students when trying for placements, as corporations feel the learning achieved is outdated and that student will need extensive additional training before starting work in their company. This is why it is very important before selecting a college to make sure that curriculum offered by the college is up to date with current corporate requirements and that some kind of industry orientation is provided within the framework of curriculum. Most of the premier institutes like IITs’ and NITs’ follow this rule of thumb along with other good private universities. If a student doesn’t get a seat in premier institutes because of only 30,000 seats for over 12 Lakh aspirants in a year, they can as well look for a good private university (like ICFAI University) in their locality without wasting another year, as following year seats might remain same but aspirants will surely increase.
These days’ universities are offering major streams like Civil, Computer Science, ECE, Mechanical, Mining along with interdisciplinary streams. Selection of stream depends on following two critical questions:
- What interests a student? (Whether a student likes Designing, Building, Automotive, Electronics...etc.)
- What type of job prospects exist? (Especially immediately after graduating)
Let us look at job prospects for fresh Engineering graduates in the next 4 years (by the time 2016 batch graduates) in the major streams like Civil, Computer Science, ECE, Mechanical and Mining.
Mechanical Engineering is considered to be the mother of all engineering disciplines. Widely promoted “Make in India” initiative has boosted manufacturing industry creating a lot of jobs for Mechanical Engineering graduates in design and production in automotive industry (like Tata Motors, Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra and Mahindra), and Engineering industry (like Larsen and Toubro). Besides, a number of Multi-National automotive companies like Ford, Mercedes, Volkswagen, Honda and Toyota plan to set up R & D Centers, which will need many Mechanical Engineering Graduates with CAD skills.
In the last few months, Govt. of India has implemented policies to promote investments in electronics in India as a result of which about 65,000 crore of investment is planned in the nest 4-5 years, which involves setting up R&D Centers for Electronics and Telecommunication. Companies like IBM, Samsung, STM electronics are investing and they need a lot of Electronics Engineers (ECE).
For the last over 10 years, IT industry (companies like TCS, Cognizant, Infosys, WIPRO, HCL Tech, Accenture etc) has been the largest employer of fresh Computer Science and ECE graduates. Though campus recruitment levels went down a little in the last 4 years, due to recovery of global economy, recruitment levels of fresh B.Tech graduates are expected to increase in the next few years in the Software Development Centers both in India and abroad.
Government of India is investing a lot in infrastructure projects like Highways, Roadways, Irrigation, Airports etc. They need a lot of Civil Engineering Graduates to design the projects and supervise construction. Opportunities will be there in both government and private construction companies.
Recently, Government took a lot of policy initiatives to boost mining in India and in particular, in Jharkhand, which has the largest number of mines in India. Mining industry (Coal, Steel, Copper, Aluminum etc.) needs Mining Engineers for Mine Planning and Mineral processing. Opportunities will be there in PSU Companies (like Coal India, SAIL, HCL etc.) but also in private companies (like TISCO, Jindal steel etc.). ICFAI University Jharkhand, Ranchi is one of the very few universities across India that offer B.Tech in Mining with Industry Practice and with wide local job opportunities due to wide spread mining belt in Jharkhand.
“After having understood the type of job opportunities for each branch of Engineering and the type of career interest, one has to decide the engineering stream to be pursued.”
Placement initiatives taken by Universities will help Graduating students to bag a good opportunity early on. So a student should always keep following questions about the university in mind before selecting a university.
- Does the University have a dedicated Placement Cell to assist students in finding an internship or final job?
- Is the curriculum offered by the University tuned to corporate or local job requirements?
- Does University training focus on Industry Practice and Standard Best practices of an Industry?
- Does a University offer Soft Skills Training, Presentation Skills and prepare for Interviews?
All the above questions can be easily answered by making a physical visit to the University Campus and finding out if they have the latest curriculum, dedicated placement cell, Industry focus, good labs and workshops. Also checking up on the Alumni strength and their placements is always a good advice.
Finally, a Student has to put major emphasis on Stream of engineering and then the University that offers current curriculum with industry focus and assistance with placements. Strong Alumni network is an added advantage. Ii is also advisable to check for course fees, availability of Domicile Fee Concessions, Merit Scholarships etc. before finalizing.
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