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Expert Recommends Use of Modern Technology to Alleviate Mining Related Pollution

“Technology for safe mining is available, then what are we waiting for?”, Prof. K.A. Natarajan, Emeritus Professor in the Department of Materials Engineering at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, said while speaking as the chief guest at a national conference on ‘Green Technology for Clean Environment’ at the SOA Deemed to be University here.

May 22, 2019 18:15 IST
SOA University

Bhubaneswar, May 20: Though an important economic activity, mining presents a basketful of environmental concerns with long term significance but remedial measures are available though application of modern technologies, an expert in the field said on Monday.

“Technology for safe mining is available, then what are we waiting for?”, Prof. K.A. Natarajan, Emeritus Professor in the Department of Materials Engineering at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, said while speaking as the chief guest at a national conference on ‘Green Technology for Clean Environment’ at the SOA Deemed to be University here.
The seminar, which has attracted scientists, researchers, academicians and entrepreneurs has been organised by the Biofuel and Bioprocessing Research Centre (BBRC) at the SOA Deemed to be University.

Listing the environmental concerns in mining, Prof. Natarajan said cyanide in aqueous discharges from mills and heap leach operations, disposal of waste with Acid Rock Drainage (ARD) potential, treatment of high volume ground water and mine water containing low concentrations of metal and other contaminations were cause for worry.

Besides, disposal of iron-arsenic wastes and precipitates, treatment of water containing thiosalts, ammonia and nitrates, settling of suspended particulars in process streams and degradation of organics were other problems to be dealt with, he said.

Odisha, he said, was one of foremost mineral rich states in the country where application of advanced technology to abate pollution and protect the environment needed urgent attention. Stating that he had visited the mines in Sukinda area several times, Prof. Natarajan said ARD was a potential problem area in the region as chromium had entered the ground water there.

In the USA, Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) and other toxins from abandoned mines had polluted 180,000 acres of reservoirs and lakes and 12,000 miles of streams and rivers, he said adding cleaning up these polluted water bodies would cost the government between 32 to 72 billion US dollars.

Biotechnology could be applied for environmental control in two ways active and passive. In active treatment, a biotech plant was engineered and operated to maximize pollution mitigation by optimizing activity of microbiological species involved, Prof. Natarajan said.

Passive systems relied on activity of biological species within a natural setting and involved aerobic precipitation, anaerobic sulfide precipitation, ammonia generated neutralization, absorption and ion exchange.

The seminar was presided over by the SOA Vice-Chancellor Prof. Amit Banerjee who referred to the damages inflicted on the environment by cyclone ‘Fani’ early this month while pointing out that reclamation could be achieved by using the right technology. He said the Centre for Environment and Climate (CEC) at SOA had come up with the most accurate prediction about the time of landfall of the cyclone.

Prof. P.K.Nanda, Dean (Research and Development) of SOA, addressed the seminar as guest of honour while Prof. Lala Behari Sukla, Convenor of the seminar and Director of BBRC, Dr. Abanti Pradhan, Co-convenor and Dr. Aditya Kishore Dash, Organising Secretary of the event  also spoke.

Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (SOA) Deemed to be University’s achievements in a nutshell

Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University here retained the 24th position it had obtained in 2018 to occupy the top spot in the university category in Odisha as the rankings for institutions of higher education for 2019 were announced by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in New Delhi on Monday.

In the rankings conducted through the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) and released by the President, Mr. Ramnath Kovind, SOA was placed 24th in the university category--- the place it held in 2018--- and 41st among overall institutions of higher education in the country.

With this, SOA, which was conferred with the status of a Deemed to be University by the UGC in 2007 (repeat 2007), has remained the top institution in the university category in Odisha for the fourth consecutive year. Against the score of 49.59 it had registered in 2018, SOA continued to shine by securing 50.31 this year.

The Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, faculty of medical sciences of SOA, was ranked 21st  in the country to be the top ranked medical college in the state.
SOA’s faculty of engineering and technology, Institute of Technical Education and Research (ITER), which entered the ranking process for the first time this year was ranked 32nd in the country behind National Institute of Technology, Rourkela (16th) and IIT, Bhubaneswar (17th).

SOA is proud to be associated with 9 degree granting institutes, which has a whopping strength of 10,000 students. The institute leaves no stone unturned in providing quality education in the field of medicine, engineering & technology, dental sciences, management sciences, pharmaceutical sciences, law, nursing, hospitality, tourism management and agriculture. SOA keeps on updating its curriculum from time to time as per the latest industry trends and believes in providing education to students with a holistic approach.

The department of Institute of Technical Education and Research (ITER), faculty of engineering and technology of SOA, has now become the 4th institute in the country to get 3 of its programs accredited by the reputed Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), USA.

Adding yet another feather to its glowing cap, SOA has been ranked third in the country in the Swachh Campus Ranking for 2018 conducted by the HRD ministry. This shows the commitment and dedication of Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan’s vision to work towards the skill development of students and betterment of the society.

SALIENT FEATURES

  • 127 Acres campus
  • 4,47,395 sqm. Built-up Area
  • 13 Research Centres
  • 38 Research Labs
  • 197 e-Enabled Classrooms
  • State-of-the-art 1400-seat auditorium alongside four other auditoria
  • 10 Student Activity Centres
  • Multiple ISP Connectivity (more than 2 Gbps)
  • Fully Wi-Fi Campus
  • 37 National Collaborations
  • 127 International Collaborations
  • High-end Multi-disciplinary Research in Emerging Areas
  • Fully Automated Libraries with Ample Print Learning Resources
  • Adequate e-Resources with e-Databases
  • Fellowship for Doctoral & Post-Doctoral Programmes
  • Scholarship for Meritorious Students

This shows the capability and willingness of Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan to provide quality education to students and conduct ground-breaking research work in various fields. SOA has been expanding and new disciplines are on the anvil. But the principal objective remains to ensure that students, while training to be professionals, value their own lives as that of others.

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