According to Ayn Rand- a Russian-born philosopher “Words are a lens to focus one’s mind”. Since the IAS- Main examination has the motive to test distinguish intellectual quality of a candidate with depth understanding of ranges of topics rather than ranges of information and memory. To score better is the major concern for aspirants of any competitive examination will depend on their approach of covering entire syllabus. The IAS Main Examination is being to start from 18 December 2015 and the candidates need to be more focussed at this stage. Now at this point of time, it is more difficult to cover entire syllabus rather they should follow a proper strategy to maximise their performance in the UPSC Main Examination 2015. A candidate should ignore their traditional way of learning and they should make analysis the marks once obtained by the All India Toppers last year. Here is the list of approaches a candidate should follow during the last leg of preparation:
A. Preparation must be Selective and Balanced: A candidate should make self analysis to find out the lost areas of syllabus from the four GS Papers including the Essay Paper where their focus is lacking. This is one of the crucial parts of self assessment to identify the missed topics and adopt the correct measures to cover it. By this only way of finding and rectifying the lost areas, the preparation could be balanced at this stage. To cover all the topics is much important but because of time constraint it is not possible so, choose the burning and dynamic topics, here your self assessment will work out.
B. Optional Papers must be focussed: As the given syllabus of optional papers is well defined and it will comparatively easy to cater the whole syllabus. By adopting a better strategy, a candidate can score maximum in their optional papers and in few General studies papers. While covering whole syllabus of optional papers it doesn’t mean that one should ignore the essence of other papers.
C. Do not ignore the importance of Essay and Ethics papers-as the determining factors: To score high in these two papers have greater possibility but it will depend on the differentiated skills of one candidate to others. Each candidate posse’s intellectual attributes but such candidates will get higher marks who would attempt such questions brilliantly. The importance of these two papers could be analysed by the marks obtained by previous year’s toppers which are comparatively higher than other general studies papers.
D. Answer writing Skills and Practices: As the trend of writing answers required in UPSC Mains Examination is quite challenging as it has time constraints and the answer should contain well connected information. Before appearing in the exam during preparation, a candidate should develop a habit of good writing skills which make them to attempt an answer in better format. A good answer is one which is close to the question, answers only what is asked and not irrelevant things which have no relevance to the question. While some candidates like to underline the important points to be highlighted- a general misconception spread among the students because a candidate couldn’t decide what is important and what is not so important and get a negative impression.
E. Avoid Facts and Figures: As I mentioned earlier that UPSC Mains Examination has foremost focus to analyse distinguish intellectual quality of a candidate with depth understanding of ranges of topics rather than ranges of information and memory. So if a candidate does not know all the facts of an issue, it’s not a cause to worry. But they should have a perception, a perspective about the issue. This is what will be looked for in your answers.
F. Make sure no Questions should be un-attempted: It is not necessary to answer a question like an academic expert. If a candidate does not have a major clue about the answer,they should follow the commonsensical approach to answering the question.
G. Time Management: One of the most challenging tasks for a student to attempt all the questions within a given time frame. Each answers should consist of 150 words while there will be 20-25 questions in each paper of General Studies which means a candidate will have to write more than 3000 word in only 3 hours of time. This could be possible only when a candidate has better writing speed along with skills.