In a bid to upgrade the level of Teacher Education in India, the Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry gave a green signal for complete modification in norms and standards of National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE).
One instance of modification is that B.Ed will now be a two-year course. Gujarat model of an integrated four-year course leading to B.A and B.Ed degree will be started immediately after class 12th. Those who want to be primary school teachers can get into two-year diploma in education course after class 12th.
Government has created more alternate routes to becoming a teacher. For instance, in-service untrained primary school teachers hired in high numbers in UP and Bihar can now do diploma in education through distance mode.
Similarly, primary school teachers already with diploma in education degree can upgrade to B.Ed through distance mode.
Unqualified secondary school teachers will now have to do a three-year part time B.Ed course in class room mode during vacations.
Masters in Education (M.Ed) has also been revamped. Those already with B.Ed can do two-year M.Ed with specialization in secondary and senior secondary. And those with diploma in education and graduation degree can do M.Ed for two years with specialization for elementary education.
Changes have also been introduced in the administration of teacher education institutions. Those opening teacher education institutions can do it online and will have to get accreditation from bodies like National Assessment and Accreditation Council. Yoga, information technology and gender has been included in curriculum of all programmes.