IAS Main Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Question Paper I - 2010

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science is an optional subject available for the Main exam of the UPSC Civil Services Exam. You can find the Question Papers of different years’ UPSC Civil Services Main exams at This is the question paper of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper I  of IAS Main Examination 2010.

May 18, 2011 10:34 IST
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The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds the Civil Services Examination every year in two parts, i.e. Preliminary Test and Main Examination; the Main Examination comprises a written Test and a Personality Test. The Question paper of the IAS Main Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper I  –2010 is given as below:

Animal Husbandry And Veterinary Science

Paper I

Time Allowed: Three Hours

Maximum Marks: 300


Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

Answer must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you. which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space  provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answer written in a medium other than specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates should attempt Question No. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining question selecting at least one question from each Section.

The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.


1. Write short notes on any five of the following in about 150 words each :  12×5=60 

(a) Utilisation of non-protein nitrogen compounds in cow

(b) Role of modified fat in ruminants' diet

(c) Mechanism of body defence against extreme cold and heat in cross-bred cows

(d) Phenotypic consequences of chromosomes mutation/ aberrations

(e) Heritability estimate in the broad sense as different from heritability estimate in the narrow sense

(f) Principles of clean milk production

2. (a) Which modern feeding  standard would you recommend while formulating rations for high yielding cross-bred cows, giving full justification for its adoption under Indian context ?     20

(b) Explain the relative differences that exist with respect to dietary essentiality of different vitamins between polygastric and mono-gastric livestock species.   20

(c) How does interaction that inherently exists between  and among different mineral sources induce mineral imbalances, deficiencies and toxicities in different livestock species ? Furnish relevant examples to substantiate your answer.   20

3. (a) Describe the metabolic alkalosis in cow. Also discuss the process of diffusion for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between alveolus and pulmonary capillary blood.    10+20= 30

(b) Elaborate the usefulness of " Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana" in social mobilisation of rural poor into Self-Help Groups, and in setting up of micro-enterprises.   30

4. (a) State the steps involved in embryo transfer technology and its applications.   20+10=30

(b) What are the BIS specifications for starter, grower and finisher pig in terms of CP and ME ?  5

(c) What is synchronisation of estrus ? How is it beneficial for livestock farmer ? Briefly discuss the consept of MOET.                                                                                                                                                           5+10+10=25

5. Write short notes on any five of the following in about 150 words each: 12×5=60        

(a) Importance of hay and silage in livestock feeding

(b) Livestock records and their importance

(c) Summer anestrus in buffaloes

(d) Significance of bio-gas technology

(e) Factors affecting the altering genetic structure of population

(f) Blood groups charcters in cattle

6. Differentiate between the following (any five) in about 150 words each:  12×5=60

(a) Qualitative versus Quantitative traits

(b) Cytogenetics versus Molecular genetics

(c) Sex influenced versus Sex limited traits

(d) Genetic assortative versus Genetic disassortative mating

(e) Production traints versus Reporduction traits

(f) Tandem method of selection versus Selction index

7. (a) What is the main effect of inbreeding ? Does inbreeding as such increase the frequency of recessive genes ? Explain  15

(b) Why do breeders in general, try to avoid inbreeding ?  15

(c) Illustrate with example how the genetic effect of inbreeding by using pair of genes ('A' for dominant; 'a' for decreases the heterozygosity in four generations by assuming that parent generation contains 1600 heterozygous individuals.    30

8. (a) Describe the care and management of heifers on a dairy farm.    20

(b) Dairy bull is considered as half the herd. - Justify the statement.      20
(c) Enumerate the managementral practices for breeding buills.            20

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