IAS Main (Written) Exam 2014:General Studies I:Understanding Syllabus
This Article would help candidates to understand the IAS Main (Written) Exam General Studies I
IAS Main (Written) Exam 2014 would commence from 14 December 2014. IAS Main (Written) Exam General Studies Paper I is concerned with the topics related to Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
Candidates must stick to the syllabus notified by the UPSC for General Studies Paper I.
Explanation of Syllabus for IAS Main General Studies Paper I
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
It includes Indian Art and Architecture, Indo-Islamic Architecture (Temples and Forts), Dances forms and Musical Gharanas in India, Festivals and Fairs of India, Language and Literature of India
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
India in eighteenth century, Penetration of Europeans in India, Establishment of British Rule in India, administrative and Political Policy of British Government, Policy of Revenue and Trade, Socio and Religious Reforms, Revolt of 1857 and its consequences, Peasant movements. Partition and Independence of India, Important personalities such as Raj Ram Mohan Roy, Dadabhai Naoroji, W.C Banerjee, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, etc.
Revolutionary Personalities include Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen, Chandra Sekhar Azad, Lala Hardyal ,Khudiram Bose, Prafulla Chaki etc.
The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
It includes Congress under the influence of Moderate and Extremist, Bengal Partition, Montagu Chelmsford Reform 1909, first world war and its impact on Indian freedom struggle movements, Home Rule Movement, advent of Gandhi in Indian freedom Struggle, non-Cooperation Movement, Civil disobedience movement, Revolutionary Activities, contribution of foreigners and women, Simon Commission, Round table Conference, Quit Indian Movement etc.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
It will cover Integration and consolidation of states, state reorganization Commission, linguistic reorganization, Tribal Integration etc.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Varna System prevailing in India, Castes, Gender discriminations, regions, Tribes etc.
Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and Developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of world's physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
industries in various parts of the world (including India)
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including
water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.