Indian Polity and Governance section of IAS Prelims Syllabus is quite significant, difficult and easy at the same time. Significant because quite a large number of questions are always appear in the IAS Prelims General Studies Paper I. In IAS Prelims 2015 General Studies Paper I , 12 questions were asked from this section and in 2014, 11 questions were asked and questions are taken from both basic as well as current affairs.
Difficult because the options given in the answer are very near to the right answer and often the candidates confused while answering and made wrong choices.
It is easy also because a regular preparation and practice of the questions can lay a strong fundamental foundation of the subject and the candidates will ne boast with confidence.
Indian Polity and Governance section of the IAS Prelims Syllabus covers Indian Constitution, Organs of Government (Legislature, Executive and Judiciary), Constitutional Bodies and Organizations. Other important topics as given in the syllabus are “Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, Governance, Interaction of Union Government of India with the states etc”.
Mostly basic questions are asked which are often inspired by current happenings and news. Candidates are advised to refer to the background of any current news related to polity. For example, The Union Government of India promulgates ordinances. Candidates must dig out the basics of ordinance making power of the government and related issues. Current affairs should always be prepared along with its basics.
Current affairs related to new bills, acts, policies and related provisions should also be prepared as well. Candidates should try to relate current happenings with provisions of Indian Constitution. For example ordinance making power of the union government is provided under Article 123 of the Indian Constitution.
The questions are generally easy to moderate in polity section. Hence candidates are advised to thoroughly prepare this section of syllabus as it can fetch good marks.
However, questions at times are tricky from this part and candidates should be more focused and attentive while attempting polity questions.
Candidates are also advised to go through last year papers to understand the nature of questions and prepare accordingly. This section is scoring, so candidates must prepare this section thoroughly and extensively.