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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 11 December 2017

Dec 11, 2017 18:28 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 11 December 2017
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 11 December 2017

    We are continuously providing IAS preparation questions based on the events happened on a daily basis. We used to refine the topics which are important in terms of IAS Exam from the authentic sources of information like PIB, The Hindu and other best-considered material for IAS Exam.

    Here, given questions are much helpful for the upcoming IAS Prelims Exam 2018 and the IAS aspirants should study such questions on daily basis.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched new initiatives on Universal Health Coverage Day, 2017. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The ministry has launched “LaQshya| लक्ष्य’’ - Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative, which will improve the quality of care that is being provided to the pregnant mother in the Labour Room.
    2. This initiative will be implemented in Government Medical Colleges (MCs) besides District Hospitals (DHs), and high delivery load Sub- District Hospitals (SDHs) and Community Health Centres (CHCs).
    3. The goal of this initiative is to reduce preventable maternal and new-born mortality, morbidity and stillbirths associated with the care around delivery in the Labour room, Maternity OT and ensure respectful maternity care.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The ample evidence has been found that supports the fact in improving the quality of care in Labour rooms, especially on the day of birth, is central to maternal and neonatal survival. After acknowledging this fact, the Government of India has launched the Laqshya- Labor Room Quality Improvement Initiative, which is expected to improve the quality of care that is being provided to the pregnant mother in the Labour Room and Maternity Operation Theatres, thereby preventing the undesirable adverse outcomes associated with childbirth. This initiative will be implemented in Government Medical Colleges (MCs) besides District Hospitals (DHs), and high delivery load Sub- District Hospitals (SDHs) and Community Health Centres (CHCs). The initiative plans to conduct quality certification of labour rooms and also incentivize facilities achieving the targets outlined. The goal of this initiative is to reduce preventable maternal and new-born mortality, morbidity and stillbirths associated with the care around delivery in the Labour room and Maternity OT and ensure respectful maternity care.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, India has slammed terrorism in all forms and reaffirmed their determination to prevent and counter it along with which of the following two countries?
    a. Russia and China
    b. Russia and USA
    c. China and Japan
    d. Japan and USA

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Recently, the 15th meeting of foreign ministers of Russia, India and China held in New Delhi in which a joint communiqué issued, the countries made it clear that their cooperation was not directed against any nation. They jointly agreed on the issue of terrorism as a global threat and condemn it in all forms and reaffirmed their determination to prevent and counter it.

    The three countries also said those committing, organising, inciting or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable and brought to justice.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, the ‘Parliamentary Conference on the WTO’ is organised jointly by the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the European Parliament. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Its sessions are organised each year as well as on the occasion of WTO Ministerial Conferences (WTO’s highest decision-making body).
    2. The Conference provides legislators with the opportunity to examine developments in the WTO, obtain first-hand information on the state of multilateral trade negotiations, and consider a possible parliamentary contribution to these multilateral processes.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    According to the WTO, the ‘Parliamentary Conference on the WTO’ is organised jointly by the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the European Parliament. Its sessions are “organised each year as well as on the occasion of WTO Ministerial Conferences (WTO’s highest decision-making body).” The Conference “provides legislators with the opportunity to examine developments in the WTO, obtain first-hand information on the state of multilateral trade negotiations, and consider a possible parliamentary contribution to these multilateral processes.”

    India has objected to some rich countries using an influential forum called the ‘Parliamentary Conference on the World Trade Organisation (WTO)’ to indirectly push certain ‘non-trade’ issues like labour and environment standards as well as gender equality into the global trade body’s negotiation agenda.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. The researchers of which of the following premier institutes have, for the first time, figured out the conditions under which certain types of solar storms can flow towards the earth and affect its atmosphere?
    a. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
    b. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun
    c. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmadabad
    d. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Bengaluru

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A group of researchers from the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmadabad, have, for the first time, figured out the conditions under which certain types of solar storms can flow towards the earth and affect its atmosphere. This is important because such storms contain charged particles travelling at very high speeds and these can affect the electronics present on satellites in orbit around the earth. The research was published in Geophysical Research Letters.

    Solar storms are violent events on the sun, which can temporarily distort the earth’s magnetosphere – the region around the earth which is influenced by its magnetic field. These temporary disturbances, called geomagnetic storms, can generate shock waves in the interplanetary medium that can accelerate charged particles to very high energies and which, in turn, can harm the satellites placed by humans in space. Such solar storms have two causes: Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) and Corotating Interaction Regions (CIR).

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. A new form of matter ‘excitonium’ discovered recently by the researchers of California and University of Illinois. Consider the following statements regarding ‘excitonium’:
    1. Scientists have proven the existence of a new form of matter called excitonium - which was first theorised almost 50 years ago.
    2. Excitonium exhibits macroscopic quantum phenomena, like a superconductor and is made up of excitons, particles that are formed in a very strange quantum mechanical pairing.
    3. The team of researchers used a novel technique called momentum-resolved electron energy-loss spectroscopy (M-EELS) for the study.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    When an electron, seated at the edge of the crowded-with-electrons valence band in a semiconductor, gets excited and jumps over the energy gap to the otherwise empty conduction band, it leaves behind a “hole” in the valence band. That hole behaves as though it were a particle with a positive charge, and it attracts the escaped electron. When the escaped electron with its negative charge, pairs up with the hole, the two remarkable form a composite particle, a boson - an exciton.

    Scientists have proven the existence of a new form of matter called excitonium - which was first theorised almost 50 years ago. Researchers from University of California and University of Illinois studied non-doped crystals of a transition metal— dichalcogenide titanium diselenide (1T-TiSe2).

    Excitonium exhibits macroscopic quantum phenomena, like a superconductor and is made up of excitons, particles that are formed in a very strange quantum mechanical pairing.

    IAS Preparation Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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