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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 4 April 2018

Apr 4, 2018 17:01 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 4 April 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 4 April 2018

    To cater the need of IAS Exam aspirants, we are continuously providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis for IAS Prelims Exam. The given questions cover important events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help IAS aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the IAS Exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the digital initiatives have been launched by Export Inspection Council (EIC) for ease of export. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. EIC is the official export certification body of Government of India and has launched this flagship project of Digital India Initiative to keep pace with changing dynamics of the world.
    2. To provide fast, efficient and transparent services for ease of doing business in all sectors the complete export food chain has been integrated into this digital platform.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Union Commerce and Industry and Civil Aviation Minister, Suresh Prabhu launched digital initiatives by Export Inspection Council (EIC) for ease of export at New Delhi on 3 April 2018.

    EIC is the official export certification body of Government of India and has launched this flagship project of Digital India Initiative to keep pace with changing dynamics of the world.

    In order to continue the vision for credible inspection and certification and to strengthen the confidence on Indian produce, three portals have been developed to reduce transaction time and cost in a transparent manner. The portal not only provide an opportunity for ease of export but also plays an important role in the Go Green initiative by reducing paper usage and saving millions of trees.

    To provide fast, efficient and transparent services for ease of doing business in all sectors the complete export food chain has been integrated into this digital platform. Primary production, chain catch, aquaculture pond, dairy farms and apiaries are all linked. Processing units, testing laboratories, official controls and exports have complete traceability.

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    2. Consider the following statements regarding the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM):
    1. DAY-NRLM seeks to alleviate rural poverty through building sustainable community institutions of the poor.
    2. The centrally sponsored programme is implemented in partnership with the State governments.
    3. The Mission, launched in 2011, has seen a rapid expansion in the last three years in which 820 additional blocks were covered under the “Intensive” strategy during FY 17-18.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Deendayal Antodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) that seeks to alleviate rural poverty through building sustainable community institutions of the poor. The centrally sponsored programme is implemented in partnership with the State governments.

    The Mission, launched in 2011, has seen a rapid expansion in the last three years. During FY 17-18, 820 additional blocks were covered under the “Intensive” strategy. Cumulatively, the Mission is being implemented in 4,459 blocks spread across 586 districts of 29 States and 5 Union Territories (UTs).

    DAY-NRLM also provides Interest Subvention to women SHGs availing bank loans amounting to Rs.3.00 lakhs, to subsidize the cost of borrowing. The interest subvention effectively reduces the cost of borrowing to 7% per annum. In respect of 250 districts, an additional interest subvention of 3% is also allowed on timely repayment of loans, reducing the effective interest rate to 4% per annum. Since the inception of the scheme, a cumulative amount of Rs. 2,324 crores have been provided as interest subvention.

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    3. Consider the following statements regarding Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana and Value Chain Initiatives:
    1. As of March 2018, more than 33 lakh women farmers were being supported under this scheme.
    2. In order to enhance agricultural productivity, the Mission promoted 4,150 Custom Hiring Centre/ Community Managed Tool Banks across multiple States.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    In order to promote agro-ecological practices that increase women farmers’ income and reduce their input costs and risks, the Mission has been implementing the Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP). As of March 2018, more than 33 lakh women farmers were being supported under this scheme. Further, about 8 lakh Mahila Kisans have been mobilized into 86,000 Producer Groups (PGs) which are federated into 126 Producer Companies (PCs). These value chain development initiatives have contributed significantly to the farmers’ income from agriculture, horticulture, dairying, fisheries and Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) related activities.

    Small and marginal farmers producing Maize, Mango, Floriculture, Dairy, Goatery etc., have benefited significantly from the value chain interventions across different states. As of February 2018, more than 1.05 lakh SHG members have been covered under these interventions. In order to enhance agricultural productivity, the Mission promoted 4,150 Custom Hiring Centre/ Community Managed Tool Banks across multiple States. These hiring centres enable small and marginal farmers to hire farm equipment and services such as soil testing, cold chain management etc., at nominal rates.

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    4. Recently, scientists have detected the most distant star ever viewed, located more than halfway across the universe named as:
    a. Icarus
    b. Antares
    c. Aldebaran
    d. Regulus

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Scientists have detected the most distant star ever viewed, located more than halfway across the universe and named it after the ancient Greek mythological figure Icarus.
    The star was formally named MACS J1149+2223 Lensed Star-1, but its discoverers dubbed it Icarus, who flew so close to the sun that his wings fashioned from wax and feathers melted, sending him plunging fatally into the sea.

    Researchers said they used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to spot the star, which is up to a million times more luminous and about twice as hot as our sun, residing 9.3 billion lights years away from Earth. It is a type of star called a blue supergiant.

    The star, located in a distant spiral galaxy, is at least 100 times further away than any other star previously observed, with the exception of things like the huge supernova explosions that mark the death of certain stars. Older galaxies have been spotted but their individual stars were indiscernible.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana:
    1. Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana is a sub-scheme of DAY-NRLM which aims at building placement linked skills of the rural youth and place them in relatively higher wage employment sectors of the economy.
    2. The CIPET and Indo German Tool rooms have also been engaged as Project Implementing Agency of DDUGKY program for high-end training with better placement & salary.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    DAY-NRLM has another sub-scheme viz., Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY). DDUGKY aims at building placement linked skills of the rural youth and place them in relatively higher wage employment sectors of the economy.

    In FY 2017-18, as of Feb’18, 1.28 lakh rural youth have been trained and 69,320 have been placed. During the financial year 2017-18, 514 projects for training 5.93 lakh rural youth have also been sanctioned across the country till Feb 2018. Further, KAUSHAL PANJEE- a mobile app for registration of prospective training candidates was also launched. As of 31st March 2018, 7.56 lakh candidates have been registered in the Kaushal Panjee application.

    The CIPET and Indo German Tool rooms have also been engaged as Project Implementing Agency of DDUGKY program for high-end training with better placement & salary.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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