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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 6 April 2018

Apr 6, 2018 15:26 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 6 April 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 6 April 2018

    By keeping the need of IAS aspirants in mind, we are providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the IAS Exam – Preliminary, Mains Written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. An Agreement to facilitate Mutual Recognition of Academic Qualifications between the Government of the Republic of India and the Go, the government of the French Republic has been signed recently. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The signing of MoU with a foreign country is not a unilateral course of action and verily depends on various factors.
    2. In other words, agreement with a country evolves during the course of negotiations and as such, it cannot be predicted/planned in advance.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    An Agreement to facilitate Mutual Recognition of Academic Qualifications between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the French Republic has been signed during the recent visit of French dignitaries to India.

    The signing of MoU with a foreign country is not a unilateral course of action and verily depends on various factors viz.  education system prevailing in that country, the response of the foreign country, bilateral relations, mutual benefit to be accrued by signing such kind of MOUs, etc. In some cases, it can materialize soon whereas in other cases it may not materialize or take time. In other words, agreement with a country evolves during the course of negotiations and as such, it cannot be predicted/planned in advance.

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    2. Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. It proposes to add a woman Member in the composition of the Commission.
    2. The Amendment will strengthen the Human Rights Institutions of India further for the effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities.
    3. It proposes to incorporate a mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the Union Territories.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country.
    Salient Features:

    • It proposes to include “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights” as deemed Member of the Commission;

    • It proposes to add a woman Member in the composition of the Commission;

    • It proposes to enlarge the scope of eligibility and scope of selection of Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission as well as the State Human Rights Commission; and

    • It proposes to incorporate a mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the Union Territories.

    • It proposes to amend the term of office of Chairperson and Members of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commission to make it in consonance with the terms of Chairperson and Members of other Commissions.

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    3. Every year, 5th April 2018 has been observed as Samta Diwas on the occasion of the birth anniversary of which of following eminent personalities of India?
    a. Babu Jagjivan Ram
    b. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule
    c. B. R. Ambedkar
    d. Rajendra Prasad

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A homage function on the occasion of the 111th birth anniversary of Babu Jagjivan Ram was organised by the Babu Jagjivan Ram National Foundation under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment today at Samta Sthal, opposite Rajghat, New Delhi.

    Babu Jagjivan Ram was an Indian independence activist and politician from Bihar. He was instrumental in the foundation of the All-India Depressed Classes League, an organisation dedicated to attaining equality for untouchables, in 1935 and was elected to Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1937, after which he organised the rural labour movement. In 1946, he became the youngest minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's interim government, the first cabinet of India as a Labour Minister and also a member of Constituent Assembly of India, where he ensured that social justice was enshrined in the Constitution.

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    4. Consider the following achievements of ISRO during the year 2016-17:
    1. ISRO augmented Indian Earth Observation capability with four remote sensing satellites viz. Resourcesat-2A, Scatsat-1 and two Cartosat-2 series.
    2. ISRO successfully conducted two technology demonstrator missions viz. Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) and Scramjet Engine, an Air Breathing Propulsion System.
    3. ISRO successfully launched 104 satellites in a single go, onboard PSLV C37.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Major achievements of ISRO along with new R&D missions accomplished during last three years are detailed below:

    During the year 2014-15:

    • Mars Orbiter Mission

    • An experimental mission of GSLV-Mk III (with passive cryogenic stage)

    • The launch of three navigation Satellites viz. IRNSS-1B, 1C and 1D.

    • The launch of GSAT-16 communication satellite

    During the year 2015-16:

    • GSAT-6 communication satellite

    • The launch of the first observatory in space “ASTROSAT”

    • The launch of communication satellite “GSAT-15”,

    • The launch of two navigation satellites viz. IRNSS-1E and 1F.

    During the year 2016-17:

    • India's GSLV-F05 with indigenous Cryogenic stage

    • Augmented Indian Earth Observation capability with four remote sensing satellites viz. Resources-2A, Scatsat-1 and two Cartosat-2 series.

    • Successfully conducted two technology demonstrator missions viz. Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) and Scramjet Engine, an Air Breathing Propulsion System.

    • Successful testing of indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage “C25” for GSLV MkIII for full flight duration of 640 seconds.

    • Successfully launched 104 satellites in a single go, onboard PSLV C37.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. As announced by the Prime Minister of India in the India-ASEAN Summit in October 2010, ISRO is pursuing a proposal to support Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries to receive and process data from Indian remote sensing satellites (RESOURCESAT-2 and OCEANSAT-2). Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. ISRO has built and launched ‘South AsiaSatellite’ on May 5, 2017, to provide satellite communication services to individual South Asian nations and also across the region.
    2. All the 10 members of ASEAN, viz., Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, will get benefitted from this project.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    As announced by the Prime Minister of India in the India-ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) Summit in October 2010, ISRO is pursuing a proposal to support Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries to receive and process data from Indian remote sensing satellites (RESOURCESAT-2 and OCEANSAT-2) and also to provide training in space science, technology and applications.

    All the 10 members of ASEAN, viz., Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, will get benefitted from this project.

    India pursues international cooperation in peaceful uses of outer space with space agencies of 43 nations and 5 multilateral bodies. As part of this, ISRO keeps developing new products and services, jointly with partnering agencies, through joint missions, scientific instruments accommodation, data sharing and exchange of expertise. ISRO has built and launched ‘South AsiaSatellite’ on May 5, 2017, to provide satellite communication services to individual South Asian nations and also across the region. India participates in international disaster management mechanisms including International Charter "Space and Major Disasters“, Sentinel Asia programme of Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF), UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (UNESCAP) and UN Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UNSPIDER). India, as a member of the International COSPAS-SARSAT system for search and rescue operations, provides distress alert and position location services to India and seven neighbouring countries. India has also been providing training programmes on space technology applications to officials from other countries.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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