The Given IAS questions based current issues are very efficient for IAS preparation. Every IAS aspirant should focus on such questions before the IAS Prelims Exam. We have provided IAS questions based on the current affairs are very important for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.
1. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has decided to implement a “Value Engineering Program”. Consider the following statements regarding the Value Engineering Program:
1. The programme will be implemented to promote the use of new technologies, materials, and equipment in highways projects executed either under PPP mode or public funding model.
2. The objective of the programme is to reduce the cost of projects and make them more environment-friendly, while simultaneously ensuring that the roads or bridges and other assets get constructed much faster, are structurally stronger and more durable.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, has decided to implement a “Value Engineering Program” to promote the use of new technologies, materials, and equipment in highways projects executed either under PPP model or public funding model. The objective of the programme is to use innovative technology, materials and equipment to reduce the cost of projects and make them more environment-friendly, while simultaneously ensuring that the roads or bridges and other assets get constructed much faster, are structurally stronger and more durable. The Value Engineering Programme is expected to
• increase the speed of construction,
• reduce construction cost,
• increase asset durability and
• improve aesthetics and safety.
The NPE will examine all technical matters involving the new technologies, materials and equipment referred to it by the concerned Engineers or concessionaires/ contractors. The NPE will also resolve the technical issues which arise as a result of the difference in view between engineers and concessionaires/contractors regarding the implementation of the new and innovative technologies, materials and equipment.
2. National Mission for Clean Ganga has approved eight projects worth Rs. 700 crore, out of which four pertain to sewage management in which of the following states?
a. Uttar Pradesh
c. West Bengal
d. All of the above
National Mission for Clean Ganga has approved eight projects worth Rs. 700 crore, out of which four pertain to sewage management in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, three are related to the treatment of drains through bio-remediation and one of inventorization and surveillance of river Ganga.
On sewage management front, a project for pollution abatement in river Ganga at Bally in West Bengal has been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 200.07 crore that would include construction of a 40 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model among other works. Similarly, construction of a 65 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity model has been approved for Bhagalpur in Bihar at an estimated project cost of Rs 268.49 crore. In Uttar Pradesh, sewage treatment related works at an estimated cost of Rs 213.62 crore have also been approved that includes construction of two STPs (28 MLD + 05 MLD) in Farrukabad and one 2 MLD STP at Bargadiya drain in Fatehpur. Pollution abatement works for river Ganga like interception, diversion and treatment of sewage in Bithoor have also been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 13.40 crore.
3. Richard H. Thaler from University of Chicago has been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Economics for his contributions to:
a. Behavioural Economics
b. Contract Theory
c. Corporate finance
d. Managerial Economics
Richard H. Thaler from the University of Chicago has been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Economics for his contributions to Behavioral Economics. Richard Thaler has integrated psychologically realistic assumptions into analyses of economic decision-making. His pioneer work to bridge the gap between economics and psychology won him the Nobel Economics Prize. He has proved how some of the individual traits like limited rationality, social preferences, and lack of self-control systematically affect individual decisions as well as market outcomes.
Thaler’s pragmatic findings and theoretical insights have been influential in creating the new and rapidly expanding field of behavioural economics, which has had a deep impact on many areas of economic study and policy.
4. Anna Politkovskaya Award is one of the prestigious annual global awards was instituted in the memory of a Russian investigative reporter and political activist, Anna Politkovskaya. Which of the following to receive the Anna Politkovskaya Award?
a. Barkha Dutt
b. Gauri Lankesh
c. Ravish Kumar
d. Vinod Dua
Gauri Lankesh, activist-journalist from Karnataka, who was shot dead in September 2017, will be posthumously conferred the Reach All Women in WAR (RAW in WAR) Anna Politkovskaya Award 2017.
With this, the journalist becomes the first-ever Indian to receive the honour. She would be sharing the award with a Pakistani peace activist, Gulalai Ismail, who has faced death threats for speaking out against the Taliban.
The prestigious annual global award was instituted in the memory of a Russian investigative reporter and political activist, Anna Politkovskaya. She was assassinated in Moscow at the age of 48 on 7 October 2006 to silence her courageous reporting about the second war in Chechnya province of Russia and for exposing corruption.
5. As per the survey carried out by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau during 2015-16 by researchers from the National Institute of Nutrition which of the following states tops the list of States with the highest prevalence of hypertension?
d. Uttar Pradesh
The study, titled ‘Diet and Nutritional Status of Urban Population in India and Prevalence of Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes and Hyperlipidaemia in Urban Men and Women’, has brought to light the prevalence rates for non-communicable diseases as well as stunting, under-nutrition and obesity in children under 5 years in the 16 States surveyed.
Revealing that Kerala has the highest prevalence of hypertension as well as high cholesterol in urban men and women, the study pointed out that Puducherry tops the list of States with the highest prevalence of diabetes. The survey was carried out by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau during 2015-16 by researchers from the National Institute of Nutrition.
Avula Laxmaiah, the lead investigator of the study, told The Hindu that the highest prevalence of hypertension was found to be in Kerala (31.4% women and 38.6% men) and lowest in Bihar (22.2% men and 15.7% women).