ICSE Class 10th Maths Syllabus 2023: Mathematics is a core subject in Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) class 10 and also one of the most difficult ones. The ICSE Board Class 10^{th} exam date sheet is out and students’ preparation is in full gear. The annual board exams have started and it’s time to take one last look at the ICSE class 10 Maths syllabus before beginning the final stages of your preparation. The ISCE Class 10 Maths exam will be held on March 10, 2023 and it’s essential to know the subject topics beforehand. On that note, we bring you the latest and revised syllabus for ICSE Board Class 10 Maths Exam 2023 in PDF format.
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ICSE Board Class 10 Maths Syllabus
ICSE Class 10 Maths (Code: 51) board exam will carry 80 marks and the duration will be two and a half hours. There will also be a separate internal assessment of 20 marks to test students’ ability to put the theoretical topics to practical use.
The questions may require the use of logarithmic and trigonometric tables.
- Commercial Mathematics
(i) Goods and Services Tax (GST)
Computation of tax including problems involving discounts, list-price, profit, loss, basic/cost price including inverse cases. Candidates are also expected to find price paid by the consumer after paying State Goods and Service Tax (SGST) and Central Goods and Service Tax (CGST) - the different rates as in vogue on different types of items will be provided. Problems based on corresponding inverse cases are also included.
(ii) Banking
Recurring Deposit Accounts: computation of interest and maturity value using the formula:
I=P[n(n+1)\2x12]xr/100
MV=Pxn+I
- Algebra
(i) Linear Inequations
Linear Inequations in one unknown for x ∈ N, W, Z, R. Solving:
- Algebraically and writing the solution in set notation form.
- Representation of solution on the number line.
(ii) Quadratic Equations in one variable
(a) Nature of roots
- Two distinct real roots if b2 – 4ac > 0
- Two equal real roots if b2 – 4ac = 0
- No real roots if b2 – 4ac < 0
(b) Solving Quadratic equations by:
- Factorisation
- Using Formula.
(c) Solving simple quadratic equation problems.
(iii) Ratio and Proportion
(a) Proportion, Continued proportion, mean proportion
(b) Componendo, dividendo, alternendo, invertendo properties and their combinations.
(iv) Factorisation of polynomials:
(a) Factor Theorem.
(b) Remainder Theorem.
(c) Factorising a polynomial completely after obtaining one factor by factor theorem.
Note: f (x) not to exceed degree 3.
(v) Matrices
(a) Order of a matrix. Row and column matrices.
(b) Compatibility for addition and multiplication.
(c) Null and Identity matrices.
(d) Addition and subtraction of 2×2 matrices.
(e) Multiplication of a 2×2 matrix by
- a non-zero rational number
- a matrix.
(vi) Arithmetic Progression
- Finding the General term of an A.P.
- Finding Sum of first ‘n’ terms of an A.P.
(vii) Co-ordinate Geometry
(a) Reflection
(i) Reflection of a point in a line:
x=0, y =0, x= a, y=a, the origin.
(ii) Reflection of a point in the origin.
(iii) Invariant points.
(b) Co-ordinates expressed as (x, y), Section formula, Midpoint formula, Concept of slope, equation of a line, Various forms of straight lines.
(i) Section and Mid-point formula (Internal section only, co-ordinates of the centroid of a triangle included).
(ii) Equation of a line:
- Slope –intercept form y = mx + c
- Two- point form (y-y1) = m(x-x1)
Geometric understanding of ‘m’ as slope/ gradient/ tanθwhere θis the angle the line makes with the positive direction of the x axis.
Geometric understanding of ‘c’ as the y-intercept/the ordinate of the point where the line intercepts the y axis/ the point on the line where x=0.
- Conditions for two lines to be parallel or perpendicular.
- Geometry
(a) Similarity
Similarity, conditions of similar triangles.
(i) Comparison with congruency, keyword being proportionality.
(ii) Three conditions: SSS, SAS, AA. Simple applications (proof not included).
(iii) Applications of Basic Proportionality Theorem.
(b) Circles
(i) Angle Properties
- The angle that an arc of a circle subtends at the centre is double that which it subtends at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
- Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
- Angle in a semi-circle is a right angle.
(ii) Cyclic Properties:
- Opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary.
- The exterior angle of a cyclic quadrilateral is equal to the opposite interior angle.
(iii) Tangent and Secant Properties:
- The tangent at any point of a circle and the radius through the point are perpendicular to each other.
- If two circles touch, the point of contact lies on the straight line joining their centres.
- From any point outside a circle, two tangents can be drawn, and they are equal in length.
- If two chords intersect internally or externally then the product of the lengths of the segments are equal.
- If a chord and a tangent intersect externally, then the product of the lengths of segments of the chord is equal to the square of the length of the tangent from the point of contact to the point of intersection.
- If a line touches a circle and from the point of contact, a chord is drawn, the angles between the tangent and the chord are respectively equal to the angles in the corresponding alternate segments.
Note: Proofs of the theorems are not required.
Applications of all Circle Theorems in solving numerical and theoretical problems are included.
(iv) Constructions
(a) Construction of tangents to a circle from an external point.
(b) Circumscribing and inscribing a circle on a triangle and a regular hexagon.
- Mensuration
Area and volume of solids – Cylinder, Cone and Sphere.
Three-dimensional solids - right circular cylinder, right circular cone and sphere: Area (total surface and curved surface) and Volume. Direct application problems including cost, Inner and Outer volume and melting and recasting method to find the volume or surface area of a new solid. Combination of solids included.
Note: Problems on Frustum are not included.
- Trigonometry
(a) Using Identities to prove simple algebraic trigonometric expressions
sin2 A + cos2 A = 1
1 + tan2 A = sec2A
1+cot2A = cosec2A; 0 ≤A ≤90°
(b) Heights and distances: Solving 2-D problems involving angles of elevation and depression using trigonometric tables.
Note: Cases involving more than two right angled triangles excluded.
- Statistics
Statistics – basic concepts, Mean, Median, Mode. Histograms and Ogive.
(a) Computation of:
- Measures of Central Tendency:
Mean*, median class and modal class for grouped data (only continuous data).
* Mean by all 3 methods included:
Direct : ΣΣfx
Short-cut : Axd whereΣΣd A −+
Step-deviation: iAx t where ΣΣft A −×+i
(b) Graphical Representation. Histograms and Less than Ogive.
- Finding the mode from the histogram, the upper quartile, lower Quartile and median etc. from the ogive.
- Calculation of inter Quartile range.
- Probability
Random experiments, Sample space, Events, definition of probability, Simple problems on single events
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT
The minimum number of assignments: Two assignments as prescribed by the teacher.
Suggested Assignments
- Comparative newspaper coverage of different items.
- Survey of various types of Bank accounts, rates of interest offered.
- Planning a home budget.
- Conduct a survey in your locality to study the mode of conveyance / Price of various essential commodities / favourite sports. Represent the data using a bar graph / histogram and estimate the mode.
- To use a newspaper to study and report on shares and dividends.
- Set up a dropper with ink in it vertical at a height say 20 cm above a horizontally placed sheet of plain paper. Release one ink drop; observe the pattern, if any, on the paper. Vary the vertical distance and repeat. Discover any pattern of relationship between the vertical height and the ink drop observed.
- You are provided (or you construct a model as shown) - three vertical sticks (size of a pencil) stuck to a horizontal board. You should also have discs of varying sizes with holes (like a doughnut). Start with one disc; place it on (in) stick A. Transfer it to another stick (B or C); this is one move (m). Now try with two discs placed in A such that the large disc is below, and the smaller disc is above (number of discs = n=2 now). Now transfer them one at a time in B or C to obtain similar situation (larger disc below). How many moves? Try with more discs (n = 1, 2, 3, etc.) and generalise.
- The board has some holes to hold marbles, red on one side and blue on the other. Start with one pair. Interchange the positions by making one move at a time. A marble can jump over another to fill the hole behind. The move (m) equal 3. Try with 2 (n=2) and more. Find the relationship between n and m.
- Take a square sheet of paper of side 10 cm. Four small squares are to be cut from the corners of the square sheet and then the paper folded at the cuts to form an open box. What should be the size of the squares cut so that the volume of the open box is maximum?
- Take an open box, four sets of marbles (ensuring that marbles in each set are of the same size) and some water. By placing the marbles and water in the box, attempt to answer the question: do larger marbles or smaller marbles occupy more volume in a given space?
- An eccentric artist says that the best paintings have the same area as their perimeter (numerically). Let us not argue whether such sizes increase the viewer’s appreciation, but only try and find what sides (in integers only) a rectangle must have if its area and perimeter are to be equal (Note: there are only two such rectangles).
- Find by construction the centre of a circle, using only a 60-30 setsquare and a pencil.
- Various types of “cryptarithm”.
Related: ICSE Exam Preparation Tips and Study Time Table to score 95+ in ICSE Board exam 2023
Download and read the ICSE Class 10th Maths Syllabus 2022-23 below:
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Also Check: ICSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023
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