Indian Polity considered as one of the important subjects of UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus in terms of its scope and applicability in dealing with the matters of day to day life. Here, we have provided Indian Polity Study Material in quiz form, go throug it and take the advantages.
1. Special provisions for women are made in which of the following?
1. Fundamental duties
2. Fundamental rights
4. 11th and 12th schedule
Select the correct statements from the following codes
a. Only 2 and 4
b. Only 1 and 2
c. Only 1 and 3
d.1, 2, 3 and 4
All the four mentioned above provide special provisions, directions and reservations for women. There are two provisions in the Constitution that seek to achieve political equality.
• No person is to be declared ineligible for inclusion in electoral rolls on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex (Article 325).
• Elections to the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies to be on the basis of adult suffrage (Article 326).
The Directive Principles of State Policy (Article 39) secures to men and women equal right to an adequate means of livelihood and equal pay for equal work.
2. Consider the following statements:
1. The fundamental Rights and Directive Principles together have been described as the ‘conscience of the Constitution’ by Granville Austin
2. DPSP are in the nature of directives to all governments of the country, Central, State as well as local.
3. Supreme Court has held that Fundamental Rights and DPSP are distinct scheme and DPSP can override Fundamental Duties.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
The DPSP are mentioned in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 511. The framers of the Constitution borrowed this idea from the Irish Constitution of 1937, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution. Dr B R Ambedkar described these principles as ‘novel features’ of the Indian Constitution.
The Directive Principles along with the Fundamental Rights contain the philosophy of the Constitution and is the soul of the Constitution. Granville Austin has described the Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights as the ‘Conscience of the Constitution’
3. With reference to Directive Principles of State Policy, consider the following statements:
1. The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been taken from the constitution of Ireland
2. 97th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2011 has included Art. 43-B, the state shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of Co-operative societies
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. None of these
The Directive Principles resemble the ‘Instrument of Instructions’ enumerated in the Government of India Act of 1935. In the words of Dr B R Ambedkar, ‘the Directive Principles are like the instrument of instructions, which were issued to the Governor-General and to the Governors of the colonies of India by the British Government under the Government of India Act of 1935. What is called Directive Principles is merely another name for the instrument of instructions. The only difference is that they are instructions to the legislature and the executive’.
4. Choose the false statement among the following statements:
a. The 25th Constitutional Act came to be challenged before the Supreme Court in Kesavananda Bharti case (1973)
b. Art. 31-c was introduced by the 25th Constitutional Act which gave Art. 39(b) and 39(c) precedence over fundamental Rights
c. Article 40, to organize village Panchayats as units of self government
d. Article 44, to protect all monuments of historic interest and national importance
Article 44 of the Indian Constitution states Uniform civil code for the citizens The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
5. Which article under DPSP proposes for the separation of the Judiciary from executive?
a. Art. 51
b. Art. 50
c. Art. 49
d. Art. 48
According to the Article 50 of the Indian Constitution the State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.
6. Which of the following is true about Directive Principles of State Policy?
1. These are directions to state.
2. Aim of DPSP is to develop socio-economic equality in the society.
3. DPSPs are superior to Fundamental Rights. Fundamental right which violates DPSP would be void.
4. DPSPs are justiciable in nature.
a. Only 1 and 2
b. Only 2, 4
c. Only 4
d. All of the above
Sir B N Rau, the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly, recommended that the rights of an individual should be divided into two categories—justiciable and non-justiciable, which was accepted by the Drafting Committee. Consequently, the Fundamental Rights, which are justiciable in nature, are incorporated in Part III and the Directive Principles, which are non-justiciable in nature, are incorporated in Part IV of the Constitution.
Though the Directive Principles are non-justiciable, the Constitution (Article 37) makes it clear that ‘these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws’. Thus, they impose a moral obligation on the state authorities for their application, but the real force behind them is political, that is, public opinion’.
As observed by Alladi Krishna Swamy Ayyar, ‘no ministry responsible to the people can afford light heartedly to ignore the provisions in Part IV of the Constitution’. Similarly, Dr B R Ambedkar said in the Constituent Assembly that ‘a government which rests on popular vote can hardly ignore the Directive Principles while shaping its policy. If any government ignores them, it will certainly have to answer for that before the electorate at the election time’.
7. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court held that the Indian Constitution is founded on the bedrock of the balance between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles?
a. Kesavananda Bharti case
b. Minerva Mills case
c. Golak Nath case
d. Waman Rao case
In the Minerva Mills case (1980), the Supreme Court also held that ‘the Indian Constitution is founded on the bedrock of the balance between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles.
They together constitute the core of commitment to social revolution. They are like two wheels of a chariot, one no less than the other. To give absolute primacy to one over the other is to disturb the harmony of the Constitution. This harmony and balance between the two is an essential feature of the basic structure of the Constitution. The goals set out by the Directive Principles have to be achieved without the abrogation of the means provided by the Fundamental Rights’.
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